By Dr Renita D’Souza
Botanical Name – Eruca sativa
Synonyms – Eruca vesicaria, Brassica eruca L, Brassica erucoides
Family – Brassicaceae
Arugula (tuvari) commonly known as Jarjeer is a medicinal plant used traditionally as a remedy in skin diseases, digestive problems, kidney diseases, cardiac disease etc. Young arugula is used as salad green. They are rich in vitamin C and Potassium. The plant is known to stimulate hair growth and used in fungal and bacterial infection. Traditionally it is consumed as aphrodisiac food.
Sanskrit Name – Tuvari
English Name – Arugula, Rocket, Garden rocket
Hindi Name – Tori, tira, Lahi, Tara mira, Seoha, Tivura,
Bengali Name – Setasarisha
Punjabi Name – Asu, Tara
Malayalam Name – Rucola
Qualities, Uses, Remedies
Medicinal Qualities of Arugula
Grahi – absorbent in nature
Laghu – light to digest
Potency (virya) – hot
Tikshna – penetrate the tissues quickly
Vahnida – increases digestive fire
Therapeutic Uses of Tuvari (arugula)
Kandu – itching
Kushta – skin diseases
Koshta krimi – intestinal worm infestation
Visha – poisoning, toxic conditions
Blood related diseases
Effect on Tridoshas
Balances Kapha dosha
- Intake of seed oil mixed with sugar is useful to treat dysentery.
- Arugula plant lotion applied to scalp, stimulates hair growth.
Eruca vesicaria is an annual herb growing up to 20–100 cm tall. Leaves are pinnate with 4 – 10 small, deep lateral lobes and a large terminal lobe. Flowers are white with purple veins and yellow stamens, arranged in corymb. Fruit is a siliqua (pod) 12–35 mm long and contains many seeds. (read related)
They are found in Mediterranean region coast, also grown in the Middle-East, South Asia and all over the world.
Arugula Seeds, Taramira Oil
Seeds of Arugula
Seeds are known to possess high content of oil, protein and glucosinolate.
The oil produced from tuvari seeds is known as Taramira oil. It is used as traditional spice. The constituents of Taramira oil are erucic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, and saturated fatty acids.
Uses of Taramira oil
It is used in cooking, salad and as an adulterant for mustard oil to impart spicy taste. Externally it is used to for massage and soothes the skin. Also used in soap manufacturing. The by-product of oil production (taramira cake) is used as animal food.
Phytochemicals, Pharmacological Activity
Eruca sativa contains flavonoids, phenolic acids, terpens, carotenoids, tannins, glycosides, saponins, sterols, alkaloids and other secondary metabolites.
Eruca sativa plant possess antibacterial, anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, anti-platelet and antioxidant activity. (related research)
Antimicrobial Activity – A research was study conducted to evaluate the effect of Arugula plant in the body as Antibiotic against the pathogenic bacteria. The study showed that water extract of Arugula leaves was effective against Escherichia coli HAS 11 (19mm) and Staphylococcus aureus HAS 1 (12mm) and proved that the arugula leaves lower the risk of microbial infection and its extract can be used as an alternative medicine.
Ayurvedic Medicines with Arugula as Ingredient
Skinelle Cream – Used in the treatment of Pimples and black head
Classical Categorization, Taxonomy
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Dhaanya varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Dhaanya varga
Species: Eruca sativa
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