By Dr Renita D’Souza
Snapmelon (Cucumis momordica) is a fruit commonly called as Phut in India. Phut means ‘split’, you can see splits or cracks over the fruit. It is considered mainly the source of Vitamin C, iron and calcium.(1)
Botanical Name – Cucumis momordica, Cucumis melo momordica
Family – Cucurbitaceae
Names in different Languages
English Name – Indian snapmelon
Hindi Name – Phuut, Phumta
Bengali Name – Phuti
Marathi Name – Phut
Medicinal Qualities of Chirbitam fruit
Taste – Sweet (madhura)
Virya (potency) – slightly hot (anushna)
Ruksha – dry
Guru – heavy to digest
Grahi – absorbent in nature
Vishtambhi – causes constipation
Effect on Tridoshas
Balances Pitta and Kapha dosha
Ripe Chirbita Fruit
Hot in potency and increases pitta dosha.
According to Shodala Nighantu
Qualities of Young Phoot
Virya (potency) – Cold (shitha)
Pittahara – balances pitta dosha
Kuchirbat is the sub variety mentioned in Shodala Nighantu.
Taste – Sweet, sour
Balances vata dosha. Increases kapha and pitta dosha.
Uses of Snapmelon
- Seeds of chirbita fruit are used to relieve burning sensation.
- Fruits are cooked, pickled or eaten raw.
- Seed kernel is used in bakery products and traditional drink ‘Thandai’.
- Ripe fruits can be used to make drink mixed with jaggery or sugar.
Interaction with medicines, supplements
Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.
Morphology, distribution, synonyms, categorization
Cucumis momordica is a creeper with palmately lobed leaves. Flowers are small. Fruits 1-2 feet long, 3-6 inch wide, green when unripe, ripe fruits are lime yellow in colour.
It is found widely in India.
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Aamraadi Varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Aushadi Varga
Shodala Nighantu – Guduchyadi Varga
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