Pushkarmool – Inula racemosa – Benefits, Usage, Dose, Side Effects

Pushkarmool is a very useful Ayurvedic herb, used in the treatment of heart diseases, respiratory diseases like asthma, bronchitis, cough etc. Its botanical name is Inula racemosa. It is one of the powerful herbs of Ayurveda. 

Botanical Name- Inula Racemosa Hook. F. Synonym – Inula royleana (C.B.Clarke)

Family– ASTERACEAE, Bhringaraja Kula.
Hindi Name-Pokharmul
Telugu Name– Pushkara Mulamu
English Name– Elicampane, Indian elecampane ,
Gujrati Name– Pohkarmul
 Kannada Name– Puskaramul
Cashmini Name– Poshkar
Malayalam Name– Pushkarmul
 Tamil Name-Puskaramulam

Padmapatra – leaves resemble those of lotus.
Kashmira – grows abundantly in Kashmir,
Kustha Bheda – resembles the herb Kushta (Saussurea lappa in action),
Poushkara,  Chiram, Jiham, Tirtha, Dhira, Padma, Puskarahva, Brahmatirtha, Mulam,  Vatahva, Phala, Patraka, Viram, Svasari, Sugandhikam.
Pushkarmool - Inula racemosa

Classical Categorization-
Shvasahara – group of herbs useful in asthma, COPD.
Hikkanigrahana – group of herbs useful in hiccups.

Susruta- Phala Varga – group of fruits.
Vagbhata- Hidhma Nigrahana(A.H);

Distribution– Western Himalayas between 5,000- 14,000 feet altitude. It is also cultivated.

Major chemical constituents- Alantolactone, Isoalantolactone, Inunolide- Germacranolide, Dihydroisoalantotolactone, B- Sitosterol,, D- Mannitol, Dihydroinunolide, neo-Alantolactone, inunolise, Sesquiterpene lactone- inunol, Alantodiene etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

Rasa (taste) – Tikta (bitter) , Katu (pungent)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (lightness), Teekshna – piercing, strong
Virya- Ushna – Hot potency
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Effect on Tridosha – Because of its pungent, bitter taste, it balances Kapha and because of its hot potency, it balances Vata Dosha.

Therapeutic qualities – 


Of all the herbs useful in hiccups, cough, flank pain and asthma, Pushkaramoola is the best.
Jwarahara – useful in fever
Arochakahara – useful in anorexia
Kasaghna – useful in cough and cold
Shophahara – anti inflammatory. It is applied externally for relieving wound and inflammation.
Adhmanahara – relieves bloating
Shwasahara – useful in COPD, asthma
Hikkahara – relieves hiccups
Panduhara – useful in anemia, initial stage of liver disorders.
It has anti histaminic and broncho dilatory effect.
It acts as aphrodisiac and uterine stimulant.
It relieves fat and cholesterol. Hence it is an important ingredient in many weight loss pills.
It has anti viral and anti bacterial effects.
it is found to be useful in Ischemic heart disease.
It acts like a beta blocker herb. Hence useful in high BP.
Part used- Root
Dosage– Powder 1 to 3 grams in divided doses.

Mast cell stabilizing activity of Inula racemosa

Antibacterial activity

Inula racemosa side effects –
People with high BP should take this herb only under medical supervision. Over-dosage may cause low BP.

Export from India – It is one of the plants near to extinction in India. Hence export of this herb and medicines containing this herb is restricted.

Ayurvedic medicine with Pushkarmul – 
Shwasahara Kashaya – useful in asthma, cold, cough
Maha Panchagavya Ghrita – useful in neuro-psychiatric conditions
Panchatikta Kashaya – useful in fever.
Arimedadi Thailam – useful for oil pulling, to strengthen teeth.

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  1. Katrina says:

    It would be great if you could include some good substitutes for this herb since it’s endangered.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, Vasa – adhatoda vasica – is a good substitute for this herb, for respiratory problems such as asthma.
      Neem and turmeric – for anti viral and anti bacterial, anti inflammatory effects.

  2. Indira Sureshkumar says:

    Hello Dr, can it be serve for high heart rate?.my hubby is 42 yrs old. and his heart rate is almost around 100 Bpm. we did a heart checkup ecg and eco r normal EF:57.he has sleeping disturb also. he used to say wheeze while step into upstairs. is pushkarmool benifits to him? pls suggest dr.

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