Black Cumin Benefits, Usage, Dose, Side Effects – As Per Ayurveda

Black cumin is an ancient Indian spice. It is widely used in after delivery care of the mother. It is good for eyes, bloating, vomiting etc. It is also used in children’s medicines.  The little spice has huge health benefits with almost nil side effects. 
Hindi name –Syah jeera, Kali Jeera
English name – Meridian Fennel, Black caraway, Black cumin.
Marathi name – Shahaajire
Gujarathi name – Shaahjeeru
Telugu name – Sheema jilkar
Tamil name – Shimayishiragam
Kannada name – Kari jeerige
Arabbi name – Kamoone aramani
Farsi name – Jeera e syaah

Sanskrit Synonyms: Kashmirajiraka, Udgarashodhana, Sugandha, Dantashodhani

Availability: It is available in Kashmir, Gadhaval, Kumavu, Afghanistan, baluchisthan, at 6000 – 11000 feet height regions.

There are two herbs used in the name of Black cumin.
Carum bulbocastanum  / Bunium bulbocastanum / Carum carvi – Black cumin,  Black caraway
Nigella sativa – small fennel / Simple nigella / Kalonji

Black caraway medicinal qualities
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Rasa (Taste) – Katu (pungent)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency) – Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha – Kaphavatashamaka – balances Kapha and Vata, increases Pitta

Black Cumin Health Benefits

Deepana – improves digestion strength
Sangrahi – absorbent, useful in diarrhea
Medhya – improves intelligence
Jvaraghna – Useful in fever
Pachana – carminative
Vrushya – natural aphrodisiac
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Ruchya – improves taste
Chakshushya – good for eyes, improves vision power
Ruchya – improves taste
Dantashodhani – cleanses teeth
Useful in the treatment of
Adhmana – bloating, gaseous distension of abdomen
Gulma – Abdominal tumor, bloating
Chardi – vomiting
Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery
Shopha – inflammatory conditions
Jeernajvara – chronic stages of fever
Dose – 1 – 3 grams

Use of Black Cumin after delivery:
In South Indian custom, after delivery, A water decoction made with black cumin is administered to the mother from day 2 to day 10. In a dose of 15 ml in the morning, empty stomach. It is done to fight post delivery infection and to strengthen mother’s internal system.

Ayurvedic medicines using Black cumin seeds:
Madana Kameswari Lehyam – An Aphrodisiac herbal jam
Vayu Gulika – Used in cold, fever, bloating etc.
Virechana Gulika – Used to induce purgation.
Kombanchadi Gulika – Used in fever, cough and cold in kids.

Caraway Side Effects:
There are no known side effects with Kala Jeera in the said dosage. Like we saw, it is used in mothers, soon after delivery and also in kids. There is no record to say that it is unsafe during pregnancy. However, it is best to avoid during pregnancy.

Black cumin seed oil benefits –
This oil is also widely used to improve skin tone, to treat acne, scar, dark spots and as moisturizer.
It is known to promote hair growth.

The oil contains omega-6 linoleic acid , omega-9 oleic acid, thymoquinone, nigellone, melanthin, nigilline, damascenine, and tannins. It is also known to help body produce prostaglandin E1, which is useful to treat erectile dysfunction.
However, its over-dosage must be strictly avoided, due to fear of toxic symptoms.

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  1. Deepak says:

    black seed or nigella sativa seems to be different.Doesn’t look like shahjeera.Google search for nigella is showing different pictures.Just FYI

  2. anil kumar saxena bhopal MP says:

    kala jeeri is diffrent than kalongi and shah jira.

  3. roopali says:

    Then which is best kali jeeri or kalongi

  4. Sheikh Dastagiri says:

    Can we use Black cumin seed oil or kalongi oil in organic soaps and at what percentage.

  5. Can black seed oil be used in cooking ? If so, what are the guidelines & precautions ?

  6. hi black ziri ajwayen &methi dana powder in the morning&night &biack Til after having lunch &dinner .both thing can be consumed.

  7. Which is best for wt loss kalongi or Kali jeeri??

  8. Black jeera for 8 months old is advisable? If yes what are the ways of use.. baby has respiratory infections.

  9. ratnasinh says:

    Dr. what is kala jira it means shahi jira or kadu korhal in marathi pls tell me.

  10. Jeera mathi & ajwain ke mixture mein kadu jeera effective hai ki Kali jeera&

  11. Kartik says:

    Hello doctor,
    Which home remedies can be used on a daily basis to improve insulin sensitivity of cells.

  12. Amarjeet Singh says:

    What is the active compounds present in Kalijiri (Vernonia anthelmintica) seed in relation with bitter taste.

  13. Kya such me weight loss karta hai or kitne din me plz reply

    • Dr Malini Bhat says:

      Hello Madam, Abhi jo research hua he uske hisab se Black seed oil ke massage se weight loss hota he.

  14. Kiran Poojary says:

    Do Kala Jeera is useful for Gastric problem, if yes then how much quantity should be taken daily.

  15. Gururaj Jahagirdar says:

    Whether Kaala jeera or nigella sativa which is availble in market can be used for diabetes treatment or not.If so how to take & what is the dose? Wherher to take raw or heated on pan Please clarify my doubt

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Nigella sativa is available in amazon store here –
      It can be taken – quarter a teaspoon in the morning, after food for diabetes – for 2 months time.
      For further advice, please consult an Ayurveda doctor directly.
      For email advice, please write to our health experts here (paid service) –

  16. Gururaj Jahagirdar says:

    When I contacted an Ayurvedic doctor,he told that he does not have knowledge of Kalonji oil seeds.Further Dr Hebbar not confirmed to take seeds raw or advise us to take dose of Kalonji seed oil for diabetes.

  17. Gururaj Jahagirdar says:

    I am not convinsed the dose of kaloji oil seed to take for Diabetes type2.The Ayurveda Doctors are not full aware of Kaloji oil seeds doses here at Bangalore.Kindly confirm the dose to take to control blood sugar I await expert advise

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Kalonji seed oil – half – 1 teaspoon once or twice a day, after food. Followed by a cup of hot water.

  18. Usha Natarajan says:

    Doctor, kalonji and black cumin are same or different?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Black cumin is used for Kalonji.

      Look at the picture above. Only this is Kalonji.

  19. Indira says:

    I am confused which is black cumin or nigella sativa seeds. There are two different spices shown in the net. One that looks like black sesame and the other which looks like a blacker version of cummin. So when the concoction says black cummin which do I use. I have a combination of black cummin (1part) : fenugreek (5part) : ajwain (2part). All to be toasted lightly n ground. A teaspoon to be consumed with a glass of water after food for cleansing and well being of body. Lease advise if this is okay Abd which black cummin to use. Thanks.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, Black cumin is black variety of cumin.
      Nigella sativa is this –

  20. Does black jeers help to reducensure oetroporosis

  21. Hello Dr hebbar,

    I made mixture of Methi,Ajwain and Nigella sativa(Kalonji) .AS there is difference betwwen Kala Jera and Kali jeeri.What are best to use from there.?

    i made power of Methi (200) ,Ajwain (100) and Kalonji (50gm).Shall i add Kali Jeeri(centratherum anthelminticum) (50gm) to it?Would it have any effects?I think there ratio will be different.

    please guide me..thank you.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Good combination. 3 grams, 2 times a day, after food with water for 2 months is good to take.

  22. Irshad says:

    Kalonji is for sexual best??

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, Kalonji oil is used for application over penis, 30 minutes before bath, to improve erection. Avoid it if it causes burning sensation.
      Available in amazon website here

  23. Sheefali says:

    Is it helpful to gain weight n to increase height even after 18 ??

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      It is more used for cleansing and detoxifying, rather than nutrition purpose. Hence, it would not be very useful for the said purposes.

  24. Is it harmful during pregnancy ?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Not if taken just for two weeks. It is cleansing in nature. And cleansing action is not required during pregnancy

  25. Recently ,i have purchased Manjistha.Would this combination of Methi (200) ,Ajwain (100) and Kalonji (50gm) Kali Jeeri(centratherum anthelminticum) (50gm) and 50-100 gm Manjistha be helpful?
    Please suggest me..

  26. Sandip says:

    Dear Sir Pls. kalonji in Gujarati Names ???

  27. Dr whether black cumin has any role in treatment of auto immune disease like SLE

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Yes. Black cumin seed oil is usually advised 3 – 5 drops twice a day for 4 – 6 weeks time.

  28. Krishnan says:

    Doctor. Does Kala Jeera taste terribly bitter? Bcos one I bought in Bangalore was not bitter but one from Goa is bitter. Await your advice.

  29. Dr vijay says:

    Kala jeera is same as shaha jeera or different.

  30. Raksha says:

    Plz give the combination kahi jeera, kalonji,mentya,ajwain is quantity for weight loss

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Kahi jeera – 50 grams
      Kalonji – 25 grams
      Menthya – 100 grams
      Ajwain – 25 grams
      Mix – powder –
      One teaspoon 2 times a day with honey or just plain water, after food for 2 months can be useful.

  31. Usha Natarajan says:

    Thanks for giving a proper proportion. Please also brief again the benefits of taking this powder.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Useful in diabetes, bodyache, high cholesterol, high BP, recurrent fever, low immunity, low metabolism, to relieve ama and obesity.

  32. MD MOSTAFA says:

    Dear sir
    Which is better kalajira or kalajira oil for good health??????

  33. Sudha satish says:

    Is kari jeera an kalonji one and the same?

  34. Sumedha joshi says:

    Does kala jeera ajwain n methi seed powder increases acidity

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