Black cumin is an ancient Indian spice. It is widely used in after delivery care of the mother. It is good for eyes, bloating, vomiting etc. It is also used in children’s medicines. The little spice has huge health benefits with almost nil side effects.
Names in different languages:
Hindi name –Syah jeera, Kali Jeera
English name – Meridian Fennel, Black caraway, Black cumin.
Marathi name – Shahaajire
Gujarathi name – Shaahjeeru
Telugu name – Sheema jilkar
Tamil name – Shimayishiragam
Kannada name – Kari jeerige
Arabbi name – Kamoone aramani
Farsi name – Jeera e syaah
Sanskrit Synonyms: Kashmirajiraka, Udgarashodhana, Sugandha, Dantashodhani
Availability: It is available in Kashmir, Gadhaval, Kumavu, Afghanistan, baluchisthan, at 6000 – 11000 feet height regions.
There are two herbs used in the name of Black cumin.
Carum bulbocastanum / Bunium bulbocastanum / Carum carvi – Black cumin, Black caraway
Nigella sativa – small fennel / Simple nigella / Kalonji
Black caraway medicinal qualities –
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Rasa (Taste) – Katu (pungent)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency) – Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha – Kaphavatashamaka – balances Kapha and Vata, increases Pitta
Deepana – improves digestion strength
Sangrahi – absorbent, useful in diarrhea
Medhya – improves intelligence
Jvaraghna – Useful in fever
Pachana – carminative
Vrushya – natural aphrodisiac
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Ruchya – improves taste
Chakshushya – good for eyes, improves vision power
Ruchya – improves taste
Dantashodhani – cleanses teeth
Useful in the treatment of
Adhmana – bloating, gaseous distension of abdomen
Gulma – Abdominal tumor, bloating
Chardi – vomiting
Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery
Shopha – inflammatory conditions
Jeernajvara – chronic stages of fever
Dose – 1 – 3 grams
Use of Black Cumin after delivery:
In South Indian custom, after delivery, A water decoction made with black cumin is administered to the mother from day 2 to day 10. In a dose of 15 ml in the morning, empty stomach. It is done to fight post delivery infection and to strengthen mother’s internal system.
Ayurvedic medicines using Black cumin seeds:
Madana Kameswari Lehyam – An Aphrodisiac herbal jam
Vayu Gulika – Used in cold, fever, bloating etc.
Virechana Gulika – Used to induce purgation.
Kombanchadi Gulika – Used in fever, cough and cold in kids.
Caraway Side Effects:
There are no known side effects with Kala Jeera in the said dosage. Like we saw, it is used in mothers, soon after delivery and also in kids. There is no record to say that it is unsafe during pregnancy. However, it is best to avoid during pregnancy.
Black cumin seed oil benefits –
This oil is also widely used to improve skin tone, to treat acne, scar, dark spots and as moisturizer.
It is known to promote hair growth.
The oil contains omega-6 linoleic acid , omega-9 oleic acid, thymoquinone, nigellone, melanthin, nigilline, damascenine, and tannins. It is also known to help body produce prostaglandin E1, which is useful to treat erectile dysfunction.
However, its over-dosage must be strictly avoided, due to fear of toxic symptoms.