By – Dr JV Hebbar
Dill seed is an ancient Indian spice. Its seeds, seed oil and whole plant is used in Indian culinary. It is mainly used in digestive disorders. It is also called as Indian Dill.
Botanical name: Anethum sowa / Peucedanum graveolens
Hindi name: Soyo
English name: Dill, Dil, Dill plant, Indian Dill
Telugu name: Sadapa Vittulu
Tamil name: Satakuppi
Bengali name: Saluka
Marathi name: Shepu
Gujarati name: Suva
Kannada name: Its seeds are called Shataapu and the plant is called Sabbasige soppu
Arabian name: Shibith
Shatahva, Shatapushpa – having numerous flowers
Chatra – inflorescence has umbrella shape
Asthapanopaga – herbs that are used in decoction enema therapy
Anuvasananopaga – herbs that are used in oil enema therapy
Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Teekshna (piercing, enters deep tissues)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion): Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency): Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha: Balances Vata ad Kapha. It increases Pitta.
Dill health benefits
Deepani – improves digestion strength
Jvara – fever
Diseases of Kapha and Vata predominance
Vrana – non healing wounds
Shoola – abdominal colic pain
Akshi Roga – eye disorders
Akshivrana – ulcers in the eye
Bastikarma – enema Panchakarma therapy
Vrushya – natural aphrodisiac
Rudhira Gulmajit – useful in uterine fibroids,
Vataghna – balances Vata
Stanya – acts as galactogogue
Pittakrut – increases Pitta
Ruchidayaka – improves taste of food.
Dill plant recipe is given to lactating mother to improve breast milk secretion.
Shatapushpa in enema therapy
In almost all the enema therapy (Basti karma), Shatapushpa kalka (paste of Dill seed) is used as a necessary ingredient. It aids in digestion and transferring of phyto-chemicals of the enema into the system of the patient. Enema therapy is usually done to achieve Vata balance and Shatapushpa mitigates Vata.
Dill seeds for cancer
A team of Russian scientists have developed glaziovianin A, which inhibit the growth of human tumor cells. They evaluated this compound in in-vivo study using sea urchin embryo assays. It yielded several promising candidates selectively affecting tubulin dynamics. Glaziovianin A. is derived from Parsley and dill seeds (1)
Ayurvedic medicines with Shatapushpa:
Narayan oil – useful pain relieving, anti inflammatory Ayurvedic massage oil
Gorochanadi GUlika – A traditional Ayurvedic product used in cough, cold, asthma, bronchitis etc.
Maharasnadi kashaya – Useful to relieve inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis etc.
Maha Laxadi oil – useful in sciatica, spondylosis etc.
Dill seed side effects:
Over-dosage may cause Pitta increase, burning sensation, worsening of gastritis.
It is not indicated in conditions with Pitta dominance, like gastritis.
It is best to avoid its use during menstrual periods.
Powder – 1 – 3 grams per day
Dill seed oil – 1 – 3 drops
Dill leaves – used as food.
Paste prepared with dill seeds along with Tagara, licorice, Kushta and sandalwood and ghee is used to apply externally to relieve headache, shoulder and back pain. Reference: Charaka Samhita Rajayakshma Chikitsa.
Dil oil is used as ingredients in syrups to improve digestion strength, such as Bio-sal Syrup.