Pointed gourd is a very ancient Ayurveda medicinal herb and vegetable. It is used since the times of Charaka and Sushruta, since 2000 years. It is very beneficial to improve gastric health. Its root, leaf and fruit are used in many Ayurveda medicines.
Botanical name: Trichosanthes dioica
Trichosanthes cucumerina is also used in the name of Patola.
Vernacular names, Sanskrit synonyms
Hindi name: Parval
Telugu name: Kommu Potla / Chedu Potla
Bengali name: Patol
Marathi and Gujarathi Name: Paraval
Tamil name: Kambupudalai
Kannada name: Kaadu Padaval, Kadu padavala kayi
Malayalam name: Patolam
It is a vine plant (creeper).
Patola, Kulaka, Karkashacchada, Rajiphala, Beejagarbha, Pancha Rajiphala, Amrutaphala, Panduphala, Tiktottama, Naga Phala.
Charaka Samhita –
Truptighna – herbs that relieve the feeling of food satiation
Trishna Nigrahana –herbs that relieve excessive thirst
Charaka has mentioned this as one of the herbs used in powder massage, useful in pruritis, acne and urticaria.(Reference: Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana 3rd chapter)
Sushruta and Vagbhata: Patoladi and Aragvadhadi group of herbs.
Rasa (Taste): Tikta (bitter), Katu (pungent)
Guna (qualities): Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion): Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency): Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha: Balances Kapha and Pitta.
Pointed gourd uses
Varnya – Good for skin, improves complexion:
Avatala – does not cause Vata imbalance.
Vrushya – natural aphrodisiac
Rochana – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Deepana – improves digestion strength
Balances Kapha, does not act against Pitta
Kandu – itching sensation
Kushta – skin diseases
Jvara – fever
Daha – burning sensation
Kasa – cough, cold
Asra – purifies blood
Pointed gourd root is Sukha virechaka – causes mild purgation.
Its stalk balances Kapha.
Patola patra – leaves balance Pitta.
Pointed gourd fruit is Tridosha balancing.
Part used, Dosage
Parts used: Leaves, fruit and root.
Dose: Fresh juice: 10 – 20 ml per day.
Decoction: 25 – 50 ml per day, or as advised by Ayurveda doctor.
It is rich in carbohydrates, vitamin A, and C. It contains trace elements of Potassium, Copper, Magnesium, Sulphur and Chlorine.
Patola is mentioned as one among the vegetables that can be consumed habitually for a long period of time. (Reference: Ashtanga Hrudayam)
Ayurveda medicines with Patola
Mainly used in medicines that are useful in gastro intestinal and liver disorders.
Patolakaturohinyadi Kashayam – used in jaundice, viral infections, skin diseases. If you find it too bitter, its Kashayam tablet version is also available.
Patolamooladi Kashayam – used in skin diseases, flu, viral infections etc. Its root is used in this medicine.
Patoladi Ghrita – used in fever, flu, skin diseases, ENT disorders etc.
Patoladi Choornam – used in anemia, bloating, gastritis etc.
Pointed gourd for skin diseases
Meat of animals inhabiting arid land (Jangala Mamsa) and preparations of Mudga (green gram) mixed with Patola – Pointed gourd is told as a diet recipe for treating Kushta (skin diseases). Reference: Charaka Chikitsa Sthana 7/82