Ashoka is an important Ayurvedic herb used mainly in bleeding gynecological conditions. Its botanical name is Saraka indica or Saraca asoca and it belongs to Caesalpinoidae family.
Name in Hindi, Bengali, Gujarathi, Marathi – Ashoka – Bark of Saraca indica
Tamil name – Ashogam.
Ashoka – Shoka means grief. Ashoka means one that relieves pain and grief of women.
Hemapushpa – flowers of golden colour
Tamrapallava – tender leaves have coppery red colour
Distribution: Abundantly found in South India, Cenral and eastern Himalayas.
Charaka Samhita – kashayaskandha (astringent tasting group of herbs)
Vedanasthapana – group of herbs that help to relieve pain
Sushruta and Vagbhata – Rodhradi group of herbs.
Ashoka herb – Medicinal qualities:
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dryness)
Rasa (Taste) – Kashaya (astringent), Tikta – Bitter
Vipaka – taste conversion after digestion – Katu (pungent)
Veerya – Sheeta – cold potency
Effect on Tridosha – It balances Kapha and Pitta.
Saraca indica medicinal uses
Sheetala – coolant
Grahi – absorbent
Varnya – Improves skin complexion
Doshahara – natural detoxifier, cleanser
Apachi hara – relieves growth, tumors
Trushnahara – relieves thirst
Dahahara – relieves burning sensation
Krumighna – relieves worm infestation
Shoshahara – relieves emaciation
Vishahara – useful in poisoning
Asrajit – useful in bleeding diseases
Hrudya – useful in cardiac disorders, acts as cardiac tonic
Shramaapaha – relieves tiredness
Gulmahara – relieves abdominal tumour, bloating
Shulahara – releives abdominal colic pain
Udarahara – useful in ascites
Adhmanahara – relieves bloating
Part used: Stem bark, seeds
Stem bark is usually used in decoction (Kashayam) form.
Ashoka Side effects:
It tends to worsen amenorrhoea.
People with cardiac disorders should seek medical consultation before taking this herb.
Ashokarishtam – a very famous liquid medicine used in bleeding disorders, menorrhagia, diarrhoea etc.
Ashoka Ghrita – An herbal ghee medicine used in menstrual pain, bleeding, anemia etc.
Chandanadi Thailam – Used in treatment of nasal bleeding, dizziness, jaundice, herpes etc.
Nyagrodhadi Kashayam – An herbal decoction used in bleeding disorders, obesity treatment etc.