By – Dr JV Hebbar
Cow urine is widely used for many health problems in India since many centuries. Cow is seen as a sign of spirituality and hence cow urine is also used in devotional practices as well. Cow urine comes with a bunch of health benefits. But it is also important to know who can drink cow urine? for how long? who may avoid cow urine, its dosage etc.
Benefits of cow urine
- Hot, pungent, reaches up to the deep tissues of the body.
- Increases Vata and Pitta, due to its bitter and pungent principles.
- Improves digestion and intelligence.
- Cow urine is useful in the treatment of abdominal colic pain, bloating, constipation, indigestion.
- Useful in conditions like intestinal worms and skin diseases,
- Useful in obesity, anemia.
- Acts as a natural detoxification formula.
- Cow urine has immense scope of research in areas like cancer.
- In Vitiligo (leucoderma) treatment, cow urine is added with Avalgujabijadi churnam (powder), made a paste and applied over the skin patches.
General qualities of urine
General qualities of all types of urine, including cow urine:
As per Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana chapter 1 All types of urine have the following qualities:
Ushna – hot
Arooksha – not completely dry
Katu – pungent
Lavana – salty taste
Useful in Utsadana and Alepana – external application
Useful in Virechana (Purgation Panchakarma treatment), Asthapana Basti (decoction enema), Svedana (sweating treatment), Useful in
Arsha – Haemorrhoids
Gulma – abdominal tumor, distension
Kushta – skin diseases
Kilasa – type of leprosy
Deepaneeya – improves digestion strength
Vishaghna – anti-poisonous, anti-toxic
Krimighna – useful in intestinal worm infestations
Pandu – Anaemia, initial stages of liver disorders
Allergy, allergic skin rashes
It balances Kapha Dosha.
In Kaphaja Shotha – Edema, inflammation disorders due to Kapha dosha aggravation, cow urine is administered along with Haritaki (Terminalia chebula). Charaka Chikitsa Sthana 12th chapter
Cow urine qualities
Kriminut – useful in intestinal worm infestations
Kushtanut – useful in skin disorders
Kandu Shamana – relieves itching
Udara – useful in ascites
How to take cow urine?
In traditional but to be on the safer time, for all practical purposes, it is better to drink distilled cow urine.
Since boiling is involved, cow urine distillate will be free from microbes.
There are many companies that sell distilled cow urine. But if you can get fresh urine, you can consider preparing the distillate by the following method:
Cow urine is taken in a pressure cooker. the opening at the top, where whistle is to be placed is attached with a heat resistant pipe. the other end of the pipe opens to a clean vessel kept dipped in water. the cow urine in the pressure cooker is heated and the cow urine distillate is collected in the vessel.
The pressure cooker catches the smell of cow urine, and hence can not be used for any other purpose.
The distilled cow urine can be used for 1 – 2 months, if preserved in an air tight container.
Cow urine dose
For a start, it is better to start with 3 -4 drops of cow urine one or two times a day.
After a week, the dose can be increased up to one spoon two times a day. While there is no fixed dose as such, I suppose, that is the maximum advisable dose of cow urine (or distillate).
If it is freshly available, then it can be taken as such, within 10 – 15 minutes of collecting it.
Cow urine – precautions
- Cow urine may be infected, in case the cow is infected.
- It is not advisable to store raw cow urine for more than an hour.
- It is better to take the cow urine for the prescribed time period only. For example, if used for indigestion, cow urine should be take only till proper digestion power is restored.
- It can be used for long time, like 3 -4 months in the treatment of obesity, chronic inflammatory conditions etc.
- Cow urine has some benefits for people with diabetes, but it is better to consult Ayurvedic expert.
Who should avoid cow urine?
- People who are very lean, emaciated, tired.
- People suffering from fatigue.
- Children below the age of 10.
- People suffering from male infertility.
- People with lack of sleep.
Remember: cow urine therapy is not nourishing in nature. It is detoxifying and cleansing in nature. Hence a concept of cow urine tonic is not quite apt.
Learn a cow urine remedy for kidney stones and dysuria
Cow’s urine as co-drink
Ayurvedic medicines where cow urine is advised as co drink
Mahayograj Guggul – in the treatment of anemia.
Khadiradi Kashayam – Used to treat worm infestation
kankayan Vati – to treat abdominal lump due to kapha origin.
It is used along with Pathyadi Lepa churna, a herbal powder, to prepare a paste, which is applied externally to relieve skin diseases such as dermatitis.
It is used in the process of making of Loha Bhasma
It is used in the purification procedure of Vacha – Acorus calamus.
Gojal – cow urine is used as an ingredient in making Lohadi Rasayan, as per Charaka Samhita Chikitsasthana 1.3/15-23, wherein, iron leaves are heated to red hot and dipped in it (and many other liquids).
Cow urine for skin diseases
1. Rasanjana (water extract of Daruharidra – Tree Turmeric) is administered along with cow urine as a medicine to treat skin diseases of Kapha origin. (Reference: Charaka Chikitsasthana 7/61)
2. Charaka Chikitsa Sthana 7/70
Makshika Bhasma is administered along with Cow urine for the treatment of skin diseases.
Cow’s urine for enema
Cow urine as enema ingredient in the treatment of intestinal obstruction:
To the patient suffering from Baddhodara (intestinal obstruction), fomentation therapy is given thereafter, Niruha (decoction enema) and Anuvasana (fat enema) is given adding cows urine, herbs having teekshna (sharp) quality, oil and Salt. Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 13th chapter.
Cow’s urine for haemorrhoids
Cow urine sitz bath in hemorrhoids:
To the pile mass, sesame oil is applied. Cow urine is heated to lukewarm. The patient is made to take sitz bath in the cow urine for 5 – 10 minutes. Due to astringent properties of cow urine, it reduces pain, itching and size of the pile mass. (Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 14th chapter).
Cow’s urine for sore throat
Cow urine gargle for sore throat:
Cow urine can be used as a gargle in case of sore throat.
But for this usage, you need to be tolerant to the smell of cow urine.
For gargling, it is best to use cow urine distillate (Gomutra arka / Godhan Ark) rather than fresh cow urine.
Procedure for gargle:
Take one tablespoon of Gomutra ark. Heat it just above lukewarm temperature.
Add a tablespoon of honey to it.
Add a pinch (half to 1 gram) of turmeric powder to it.
Gargle with this mix for 1 – 2 minutes.
Can I drink milk and take cow urine at the same time?
There are many instances in which cow urine and milk are used together. –
For example, Panchagavya – cow ghee, sour curd, urine, cow dung water and cow milk. This combination itself is used as medicine and also as ingredient in other medicines such as Panchagavya Ghrita.
So, cow urine can be consumed along with milk. One teaspoon of cow urine along with quarter or half a cup of milk is fine to have.
Cow urine is hot, pungent, strong, piercing in nature, so, its excess hotness and other related qualities are reduced in strength due to the sweetness and cold potency of milk.
धारोष्णं मूत्र युक्तं वा क्षीरं दोषानुलोमनम्|
Milk which is Dharosna (freshly collected and still warm) is added with cow’s urine (in equal quantity), and taken which causes downward movement of morbid matter from the colon. – This is used as a purgation method in the treatment of Gout (Vatarakta) – Charaka Chikitsa 29th chapter.
Gomuthra is considered as a sacred entity in the orthodox Hindu religion.It was used for many purposes such as yaaga, yajna, homa, Havana etc or while performing all purification rituals.
[Gomoothra sangrahan kaal]
It is said that the first and last part of the cow urine flow is discarded and the middle part is collected during dawn. Cow urine so collected is used in therapeutics.
Qualities of Gomutra
As per Raja Nighantu
Cow urine is pungent, bitter, hot, light, used for the treatment of anorexia, Kapha and Vata disorders, skin diseases and can increase Pitta Dosha, digestion strength, intelligence.
As per Bhavaprakasha text book
Cow urine is strong, piercing, alkaline (Kshara), astringent. It is used for the treatment of abdominal colic, tumors, ascites, oral disorders, Kilasa skin disease, intoxication with Vata dominance, cough, inflammation, liver disorders, diarrhoea and urinary retention and earache.
Rasa (taste) : kashaya (astringent), lavana (salt), katu (pungent), tikta (bitter)
Guna – qualities: laghu (lightness), teekshna (piercing), ushna (hot)
Vipaka: katu – undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya: Ushna – hot potency
Doshaghnata: vata-kapha shamaka, pitta-vardhak
Balances Vata and Kapha and increases Pitta.
Use of Gomutra in Rasashastra
Uses of Gomutra in various purification procedures.
As per Rasatarangini 20 : 18 in purification of Loha, it is used.
As per Ayurveda Prakasha, it is used for the treatment of Langali – Gloriosa superba
2. Langhali ( Kalihari) shodhan:-
“ Langhali shuddimayathi dina gomutra samstitha|” Aa. Pra. 6c. 50/ pusta)
langhli – 1 part
gomutra- Q. s
Method: Small pieces of langali mula are soaked in gomutra for 24 hrs then washed off.
4. It is used in the purification of Vatsanabha – Monk’s hood.
1. Vatsanabha – 1 part
2. Gomutra- Q.S
Small pieces of vatsanabha are bundled in their cloth & soaked in gomutra for 3 days replacing the latter everyday. Then they are washed & dried.
5. Bhallatak shodhana.
1. Bhallatak-1 part
3. Gavya payas- vasan
4. latika churna- Gharsara
5. Jala- Dalhan
6.Cow urine is used for the purufication of Loha – iron (Sha. Sam.ma. ka. 11/2-2 ½))
It is used in purification of copper and Abhraka.
For Abhraka purification, it is heated to read hot and dipped in cow urine for 7 times.
Cow’s urine for obesity
How cow urine is beneficial in obesity?
Cow urine as per Ayurveda has a ‘kshara’ quality. Cow urine helps to lower cholesterol deposition in tissues and inside of arteries. It helps to to early disintegration and excretion of lipid molecules. It also avoid excess absorption of fat molecules from intestines. It is always better to consult your Ayurvedic doctor before starting this. Under medical supervision, cow urine can be taken for a couple of months. It should not be continued for more than 4 months, according to me.
Research articles related to Cow’s urine:
Chemo-therapeutic potential: Various studies have found good antimicrobial activity of cow’s urine (CU) comparable with standard drugs such as ofloxacin, cefpodoxime, and gentamycin, against a vast number of pathogenic bacteria, more so against Gram-positive than negative bacteria. Interestingly antimicrobial activity has also been found against some resistant strains such as multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Anti- cancer action: Anti-cancer potential of cow urine therapy has been reflected by several case reports, success stories and practical feed back of patients for the treatment of cancer. Cow urine enhances the immuno-competence and improves general health of an individual; prevents free radicals formation and act as an anti-aging factor; reduces apoptosis in lymphocytes and helps them to survive; and efficiently repairs the damaged DNA, thus is effective in cancer therapy. Experimentally it has been proved that among all sorts of urines, the urine of the Indian cows is most effective.
Anti-fungal action: A study was conducted to explore antifungal potential of cow’s urine on clinical isolates of Candida species. Statistically significant association was observed between susceptibility of voriconazole and that of cow’s urine (p = 0.045). C. albicans ATCC14053, Candida parapsilosis ATCC22019 and 75.7% of clinical isolates of Candida were susceptible to cow’s urine.
Obesity management: The current research paper describes the importance of Gomutra (cow’s urine) in obesity management. In this study cow’s urine proved very effective in obesity management and reduced weight and B.M.I by 6.51% and 6.11% respectively.
Use of Pregnant Cow Urine for Androgenic Alopecia in Medieval India – The findings indubitably establish that Āyurvēdic physicians had the clear concept that: (i). A virilising substance in the body caused Indralupta, (ii). Pregnant women have antagonists to this which is excreted through urine, and (iii). Local application of these would be effective in antagonising the virilising one.
Cow’s urine as eye drops
Cow urine as eye drops?
If the cow urine is distilled, then it can be useful in Kapha related eye disorders with excess secretions.
But in general, it is not good to use cow urine as eye drops.
Is cow urine safe to take immediately after delivery?
Soon after childbirth, the immunity of the mother will be very low. So, if the cow urine is infected, it can cause fever and other infection disorders in the patient. Hence, it is not ideal to administer cow urine soon after delivery.
If needed, it can be administered after 45 days after delivery.
Is it true that Pantanjali mixes cow urine in all Ayurveda products?
There are only a small number of Patanjali products in which cow urine is used.
Cow urine is NOT USED IN ALL Products.
Medicines containing cow’s urine
If it is used as ingredient, it will be indicated in the label as – Gojal, Gomutra or cow urine.