Garbhadana Sukta: Hymn For Conception

By Prof. Vd. Rangaprasad Bhat
Disclaimer: This article is only for the purpose of information. The article does not make any claim that the procedure explained would ensure successful conception.

Garbhadana Sukta: 2/25/1-13
The sage empowering and emanating through this sūkta is brahmā rishi.
The devatā for this sūkta is yonigarbha. The Chandas meter which is advised to chant this sūkta is 1 anuṣṭup

Introduction:-  The following hym – suktam is indicated for persons who find difficulty (in spite of being medically treated) in conceiving a child due to various medical reasons. It is advised to be under medications while following the chanting of the mantras, to have an advantage of healing from both the medicines and the mantrās to achive the result.
The mantra invokes for the presence of various devatās within the human sharira to help rectify the energy imbalance preventing the garbhādhāna,  in the form of request.
Read related: Analysis Of Effect of Mantras On Health And Nadi

Sūktam:
पर्वताद् दिवो योनेरङ्गादङ्गात् समामृतम् ।
शेपो गर्भस्य रेताधा: सरौ पर्णमिवा दध्यत् ॥ २.२५.१॥
यथेयं पृंथिवी मही भूतानां गर्भमादधे ।
एवा दधामि  ते गर्भं तस्मै त्वामवसे हुवे ॥ २.२५.२ ॥
गर्भं धेहि सिनीवालि गर्भं धेहि सरस्वति ।
गर्भं ते अश्विनोभा धत्तां पुष्करस्रजा ॥ २.२५.३ ॥
गर्भं ते मित्रावरुणौ गर्भं देवो बृहस्पति: ।
गर्भं त इन्द्रश्चाग्निश्च गर्भं धाता दधातु ते  ॥२.२५.४ ॥
विष्णुर्योनिं कल्पयतु त्वष्टा रूपाणि पिंशतु ।
आ सिञ्चतु प्रजापतिर्धाता गर्भं दधातु ते । २.२५.५ ॥
यद् वेद राजा वरुणो यद् वा देवी सरस्वती ।
यदिन्द्रो वृत्रहा वेद तद् गर्भकरणं पिब ॥ २.२५.६॥
गर्भो अस्योषधीनां गर्भो वनस्पतीनाम् ।
गर्भो विश्वस्य भूतस्य सो अग्ने गर्भमेह धा: ॥ २.२५.७ ॥
अधि स्कन्द वीरयस्व गर्भया धेहि योन्याम् ।
वृषासि वृष्ण्यावन् प्रजायै त्वा नयामसि ॥ २.२५.८ ॥
वि जिहीष्व बार्हत्सामे गर्भस्ते योनिमा शयाम् ।
अदुष्टे देवा: पुत्रं सोमपा उभयाविनम् ॥ २.२५.९ ॥
धात: श्रेष्ठेन रूपेणास्या नार्या गवीन्यो: ।
पुमांसं पुत्रमा धेहि दशमे मासि सूतवे ॥ २.२५.१० ॥
त्वष्ट: श्रेष्ठेन रूपेणास्या नार्या गवीन्यो: ।
पुमांसं पुत्रमा धेहि दशमे मासि सूतवे ॥ २.२५.११ ॥
सवित:: श्रेष्ठेन रूपेणास्या नार्या गवीन्यो: ।
पुमांसं पुत्रमा धेहि दशमे मासि सूतवे ॥ २.२५.१२॥
प्रजापते श्रेष्ठेन रूपेणास्या नार्या गवीन्यो: ।
पुमांसं पुत्रमा धेहि दशमे मासि सूतवे ॥ २.२५.१३ ॥

ParvatAd divo yonera ~ NgAda ~ NgAt samAmRRitam |
Shepo garbhasya retAda: sarau parNamivA dadhyat || 2.25.1 ||
YatheyaM pRRiMthivI mahI bhUtAnam garbhamAdadhe |
Eva dadhAmi te garbhaM tasmai tvAmavase huve || 2.25.2 ||
I do not understand the sinister language.
Garbha m ashvinobha dhattam puShkarasrajA || 2.25.3 ||
GarbhaM te mitrAvaruNau garbhaM devo bRRihaspati: |
GarbhaM ta indrashcAgnishcha garbham dhAtA dadhAtu te || 2.25.4 ||
ViShNuryoniM kalpayatu tvaShTA rUpANi piMshatu |
A si ~ nachatu prajApatirdhAtA garbhaM dadhAtu te | 2.25.5 ||
Yad veda rAjA varuNo yad vA devI sarasvatI |
Yadindro vRRitrahA veda tad garbhakaraNaM piba || 2.25. 6 ||
Garbho asyoShadhInam garbho vanaspatInAm |
Garbho vishvasya bhUtasya so agne garbhameha dhA: || 2.25.7 ||
I am sorry to say yes!
VRRiShAsi vRRiShNyAvan prajAyai tvA newAmasi || 2.25.8 ||
Vi jihIShva bArhatsAme garbhaste yonimA shayAm |
AduShTe devA: putraM somapA ubhayAvinam || 2.25.9 ||
DhAta: shreShThena rUpeNAsyA nAryA gavInyo: |
Pamamsaam putrama dhehi dashame mAsi sUtave || 2.25.10 ||
TvaShTa: shreShThena rUpeNAsyA nAryA gavInyo: |
Pamamsaam putrama dhehi dashame mAsi sUtave || 2.25.11 ||
Savita :: shreShThena rUpeNAsyA nAryA gavInyo: |
Pamamsaam putrama dhehi dashame mAsi sUtave || 2.25.12 ||
PrajApate shreShThena rUpeNAsyA nAryA gavInyo: |
PumAMsaM putramA dhehi dashame mAsi sUtave || 2.25.13 ||

Interpretation:-
As the seeds (yoni) gets seeded over the parvatās from the heaven (yoneraṅgāt = yoni: aṅgāt), so does the reta (śukra dhātu) which is equal to amṛta (samāmṛtam) reaches the garbha from the śepa aka penis (śepo garbhasya), like a leaf from the mountain floating and flowing over the downward moving water (of river) – (retādhā: sarau parṇamivā dadhyat). || 2.25.1 ||

In the manner in which the pṛthivī provides the substratum (garbham) for all the  mahī bhūtā aka living organisms (yatheyaṃ pṛṃthivī mahī bhūtānāṃ garbhamādadhe), so do I provide for garbha dhāraṇam in you ((evā dadhāmi te garbhaṃ). Hence I invite you stay in garbha to protect the formed garbha (tasmai tvām avase huve). || 2.25.2 ||

Hey Sinīvāli ! please bestow protection to the garbha. Hey Saravati devi ! please bestow protection to the garbha. Hey Puṣkarasrajā !, the twin brother of Aśvini (aśvinobhā dhattāṃ puṣkarasrajā) bestow protection and stability to the garbha. || 2.25.3 ||
{Note:- Sinīvāli is the name of a goddess (in described as broad-hipped, fair-armed, fair-fingered, presiding over fecundity and easy birth, and invoked with Sarasvatī, Rākā etc). Puṣkarasrajā  is the name of one of the two Aśvinikumārās.}

Let Mitrā and Varuṇa deva bestow protection and stability to the garbha. Let Bṛhaspati deva, Indra deva, agni deva and dhātā deva bestow protection and stability to the garbha in you. || 2.25.4 ||
Read related: Hymns For Cardiac Ailments, Jaundice, Fever

{Note:- Mitrā Varuṇau = m. dual number mitra and varuṇa etc. etc. (together they uphold and rule the earth and sky, together they guard the world, together they promote religious rites, avenge sin, and are the lords of truth and light).
Bṛhaspati = lord of prayer or devotion. Name of a deity (in whom Piety and Religion are personified; he is the chief offerer of prayers and sacrifices, and therefore represented as the type of the priestly order, and the purohita of the gods with whom he intercedes for men; in later times he is the god of wisdom and eloquence, to whom various works are ascribed; he is also regarded as son of  aṅgiras  , husband of tārā and father of kaca , and sometimes identified with vyāsa in astronomy he is the regent of Jupiter and often identified with that planet.
Dhātā – dhātā is a demigod.}

Let the rājā varuṇa deva, devī sarasvatī , indra deva and vṛtrahā deva, present with in the sarira, being aware of the science and knowledge behind garbhakaraṇa (the causes of impregnation), drink those rasa within and bestow with stability of mainatining the pregnancy. (veda tad garbhakaraṇaṃ piba) || 2.25.6  ||Let lord Viṣṇu deva bestow the development of the embryo (viṣṇuryoniṃ kalpayatu); and tvaṣṭā deva bestow with the structures and organs to mould the shape of the fetus (tvaṣṭā rūpāṇi piṃśatu). And Prajāpati deva bestow with unfaultered impregnation and help the fertilisation process (ā siñcatu prajāpati:), and the dhātā deva bestow with succesful gestation/pregnancy (dhātā garbhaṃ dadhātu te). || 2.25.5 ||

Hey Agni deva ! you are the garbha aka substratum for the oṣadhī (medicinal herbs) and vanaspatī (plant kingdom), and to the entire livingbeings in the universe too (garbho viśvasya bhūtasya). Hence hey Agni deva please bestow and provide stability to this garbha (fetus). || 2.25.7 ||

Hey mighty and vigourous skanda deva, bestow the foetus inside the garbha, with your mightyness and help us achieve an healthy prajā. || 2.25.8 ||

{Note :-
* Skanda  = “Attacker”, –  Name of kārttikeya- (q.v:-son of śiva- or of agni-;he is called god of war as leader of śiva-‘s hosts against the enemies of the gods; he is also leader of the demons of illness that attack children).
* vīraya = den. Â. act like a hero, display heroism (V.).
* vṛṣa = m. a strong or potent man.
* vṛṣṇyāvat = mfn.     possessed of manly power, vigorous, strong, mighty.}

Hey bārhat devi, the one who chants sāmāgana,- let you stay in your place at the yoni of garbhāśaya and along with somapā devi bestow the couples with an aduṣṭa putra (innocent child). || 2.25.9 ||

Hey dhātā deva by the virtue of your power, direct the embryo to uterus through either of the two gavinis (fallopian tubes) of this nāri and bestow her with a pumāṃsaṃ putram (male child) and ensure that she delivers the child by tenth month (putram ādhehi daśame māsi sūtave).

{ Note :- Gestation is the period of development of the young in viviparous animals, from the time of fertilization of the oocyte (ovum) to birth; see also pregnancy.

The gestation period in other words is the duration of pregnancy, in the human female whose  average length is calculated from the first day of the last normal menstrual period, is 280 days.
The normal limits of the human gestation period are from 37 weeks (259 days) to 42 weeks (293 days); days and weeks are counted as completed days and weeks. If one counts from the moment of conception, the length of time is 266 days (280−14 days). The 280 days as per english calender accounts to 9.33 months when one conisders 30 days as an average for a month.

Having said that – the daśame māsi sūtave as stated in the Atharva veda, may on the outlook seem to be contradicting the 9 months period of gestation as one happens to see in the current trend of living. It may be noted that, the Indian calender of lunar months have just 28 days in it. Hence the 280 days of gestation (9.33 months of English calender) in now is diffrent from the 10 months of Indian calender equalling 280 days in total }.

Hey tvaṣṭā deva by the virtue of your power, direct the embryo to uterus through either of the two gavinis (fallopian tubes) of this nāri and bestow her with a pumāṃsaṃ putram (male child) and ensure that she delivers the child by tenth month (putram ādhehi daśame māsi sūtave). ||2.25.11 ||

Hey savitā deva by the virtue of your power, direct the embryo to uterus through either of the two gavinis (fallopian tubes) of this nāri and bestow her with a pumāṃsaṃ putram (male child) and ensure that she delivers the child by tenth month (putram ādhehi daśame māsi sūtave). ||2.25.12 ||

Hey prajāpate deva by the virtue of your power, direct the embryo to uterus through either of the two gavinis (fallopian tubes) of this nāri and bestow her with a pumāṃsaṃ putram (male child) and ensure that she delivers the child by tenth month (putram ādhehi daśame māsi sūtave). ||2.25.13 ||
Click to consult Prof. Vd. Rangaprasad Bhat

 


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