Sub Types Of Personality Features Based On Satva, Rajas, Tamas

By Vd.A.Rangaprasad Bhat
The sub types of Shuddha Satva:
The Suddha satva aka SAtvika satva has been grouped into the following 7 categories – based on the mutual and synchronous involvement of the mind and physique, in being a cause for exhibiting the collective traits of  personality.

ब्रह्मर्षिशक्रयमवरुणकुबेरगन्धर्वसत्त्वानुकारेण, राजसस्य षड्विधो दैत्यपिशाचराक्षससर्पप्रेतशकुनिसत्त्वानुकारेण, तामसस्य त्रिविधः

The Suddha satva aka SAtvika satva has been grouped into the following 7 categories – based on the mutual and synchronous involvement of the mind and physique, in being a cause for exhibiting the collective traits of  personality.
1.brahma
2.Rishi
3. Shakra
4. Yama
5. varuṇa
6.kubera
7.gandharva – sattvānukāreṇa.

1.brahma satva traits:-
शुचिं सत्याभिसन्धं जितात्मानं संविभागिनं ज्ञानविज्ञानवचनप्रतिवचनसम्पन्नं स्मृतिमन्तं कामक्रोधलोभमानमोहेर्ष्याहर्षामर्षापेतं समं सर्वभूतेषु ब्राह्मं विद्यात् (१

Shuchiśuciṃ – virtuous
satyābhisandhaṃ – truthful
jitātmānaṃ – self controlled
saṃvibhāginaṃ jñāna_vijñāna_vacanaprati_vacanasampannaṃ smṛtimantaṃ – versatile in the texts of knowledge and science and capable of reproducing the text word by word.
kāma_krodha_lobha_māna_moha_ īrṣyā_harṣa_amarṣā – petaṃ (free from), – Devoid of objective desire, anger, greed, arrogance(mAna), infatuation, envy, lust, impatience.
samaṃ sarvabhūteṣu – Sees divinity in all forms of life and hence treats them in equality. – brāhmaṃ vidyāt. (1) ||

2. Rishi Satva traits:-
इज्याध्ययनव्रतहोमब्रह्मचर्यपरमतिथिव्रतमुपशान्तमदमानरागद्वेषमोहलोभरोषं प्रतिभावचनविज्ञानोपधारणशक्तिसम्पन्नमार्षं विद्यात् |
interested in religious rites and conducts like – offering to God by means of recitation of the vedic sutras, doing homam, by following celibacy- Brahmacharya

atithivratam_upaśāntamadamāna – welcomes guests with soothing words. rāga_dveṣa_moha_lobha_roṣaṃ – capable of controlling and prejudiciuosly using raga, dvesha, moha,lobha,rosham.
pratibha vacanavijñāna upadhāraṇaśakti sampannam – genius in executing a detailed discourse over the scriptural vedic texts verses – ārṣaṃ vidyāt. (2) ||

3.śakra / Aindra satva traits: – ऐश्वर्यवन्तमादेयवाक्यं यज्वानं शूरमोजस्विनं तेजसोपेतमक्लिष्टकर्माणं दीर्घदर्शिनं धर्मार्थकामाभिरतमैन्द्रं विद्यात् (३)|

aiśvaryavantam – born as a rich.
ādeyavākyaṃ – authoritative in speech.
yajvānaṃ – believer in God.
śūram – bravely faces any adverse situations.
ojasvinaṃ – energetic in activities.
tejasopetam – bestowed with aura.
akliṣṭakarmāṇaṃ – always fresh and active in executing a task.
dīrghadarśinaṃ – sagacious judgement or farsighted judgment to any given problems faced.
dharmārtha_kāmābhiratam – well balanced and efficacious  management of earning money, spending through helping others and enjoyment of the life. – aindraṃ vidyāt (3)||

4. yama satva traits:- लेखास्थवृत्तं प्राप्तकारिणमसम्प्रहार्यमुत्थानवन्तं स्मृतिमन्तमैश्वर्यलम्भिनं [५३] व्यपगतरागेर्ष्याद्वेषमोहं याम्यं विद्यात् (४)|

lekhāsthavṛttaṃ – abides by the rules and laws of the society.
prāptakāriṇam – follows morality and righteousness in his social activities.
asamprahāryam – non quarrelsome.
utthānavantaṃ – works with zeal.
smṛtimantam – cognitive and comprehensive.
aiśvaryalambhinaṃ – lucrative money maker.
vyapagata_rāga_īrṣyā_dveṣa_mohaṃ — Devoid of excessive desire, envy, hatred, or infatuation. yāmyaṃ vidyāt (4)|

5. varuṇa satva traits:-
शूरं धीरं शुचिमशुचिद्वेषिणं यज्वानमम्भोविहाररतिमक्लिष्टकर्माणं स्थानकोपप्रसादं वारुणं विद्यात् (५)|

śūraṃ – fights for right cause
dhīraṃ – courageous
śucim- honest
aśuci  dveṣiṇaṃ – dislikes dishonest people
yajvānam ambho vihāra ratim akliṣṭakarmāṇaṃ –
sthānakopaprasādaṃ –  vāruṇaṃ vidyāt
(5)|

6. kubera satva traits:- स्थानमानोपभोगपरिवारसम्पन्नं धर्मार्थकामनित्यं शुचिं सुखविहारं व्यक्तकोपप्रसादं कौबेरं विद्यात् (च.शा.४/६)|

sthāna māna upabhoga – conscious of his self dignity
parivārasampannaṃ – socially extrovert surrounded by friends and followers
dharmārtha kāma nityaṃ – inspite of being a philanthropist and spending enjoying the life, remains richer forever.
śuciṃ – perfectionist
sukhavihāraṃ – enjoys living a comfortable and cosy life.
vyakta kopa prasādaṃ – gets irritated for known reasons- kauberaṃ vidyāt (6)|

7. gandharva satva traits:- प्रियनृत्यगीतवादित्रोल्लापकश्लोकाख्यायिकेतिहासपुराणेषु कुशलं गन्धमाल्यानुलेपनवसनस्त्रीविहारकामनित्यमनसूयकं गान्धर्वं विद्यात् (७)|

Priya – pleasant
nṛtya – dancer
gīta – singer
vāditra – musician
ullāpaka – flatterer
ślokākhyāyika itihāsapurāṇeṣu kuśalaṃ – vesatile in short story telling from history and epics.
gandhamālya anulepana vasana – fashionably elegant and sophisticated.
strīvihārakāma nityam anasūyakaṃ – more inclined to sex and eroticism — gāndharvaṃ vidyāt (7)|

Thus based on the happy state of mind the shuddha satva is categorized as the above seven types. Due to this trait, the knowledge obtained by the purusha too will be clear and pure. (Charaka Sharira 4/37)

The sub types of rājasika satva:

a) āsura rājasika satva’s traits:-
शूरं चण्डमसूयकमैश्वर्यवन्तमौपधिकं रौद्रमननुक्रोशमात्मपूजकमासुरं विद्यात् (१)|

śūraṃ  – stands up and fights for the right cause
caṇḍam – violent / aggressive
asūyakam – displeasure
aiśvaryavantam – hysterical or super human strength
aupadhikaṃ deceitful or impostor
raudram – savageness or assaulting ferociously
ananukrośam – uncompassionate
ātmapūjakam – orgulous / narcissism –  āsuraṃ vidyāt (1)|

b) rākṣasaṃ rājasika satva’s traits:-

amarṣiṇam – enraged
anubandhakopaṃ – incessant anger
chidraprahāriṇaṃ – nefarious / brazen fighter
krūram – cruel minded
atimātra āhāra  rucim āmiṣa priyatam – eats non vegetarian and tasty foods lavishly.
svapna āyāsa – drowsy and tired
bahulam īrṣyuṃ — rākṣasaṃ vidyāt (2)|

c) paiśāca rājasika satva’s traits:- महाशनं स्त्रैणं स्त्रीरहस्काममशुचिं शुचिद्वेषिणं भीरुं भीषयितारं विकृतविहाराहारशीलं पैशाचं विद्यात् (३)|

mahāśanaṃ – revenous appetite
straiṇaṃ – womanizer
strīrahaskāmam – philanderer.
aśuciṃ – unhygienic
śucidveṣiṇaṃ – Ablutophobia (fear of bathing, washing, or cleaning)bhīruṃ – cowardice.
bhīṣayitāraṃ – affrightens women
vikṛta vihāra āhāra śīlaṃ – bad habits or addiction to food and activities like gambling, sex etc behavioural addictions.  – paiśācaṃ vidyāt (3)|

d) sārpaṃ rājasika satva’s traits:- क्रुद्धशूरमक्रुद्धभीरुं तीक्ष्णमायासबहुलं सन्त्रस्तगोचरमाहारविहारपरं [५८] सार्पं विद्यात् (४)|

kruddha śūram– Sometimes Valiantly brave
akruddhabhīruṃ – sometimes fearful and calm.
tīkṣṇamāyāsa – passionately hard working
bahulaṃ santrasta gocaram – sports a terrorizing look and pose.
āhāra vihāraparaṃ – awful eating habits and activities too.– sārpaṃ vidyāt (4)|

e) preta rājasika satva’s  traits:- आहारकाममतिदुःखशीलाचारोपचारमसूयकमसंविभागिनमतिलोलुपमकर्मशीलं प्रैतं विद्यात् (५)|

āhāra kāmam – increase appetite / binge eating
atiduḥkhaśīla  ācāropacāram – highly irritable mood in conduct and practice
asūyakam – displeasement
asaṃvibhāginam – meanness / who donot wish to share things with others
atilolupam – extremely greedy
akarmaśīlaṃ – lackadaisical or lethargic — praitaṃ vidyāt (5)|

f) śakuni rājasika satva’s traits:- अनुषक्तकाममजस्रमाहारविहारपरमनवस्थितममर्षणमसञ्चयं शाकुनं विद्यात् (६)|

anuṣaktakāmam – constant sexual longing
ajasram āhāra vihāra param, – continous indulgence in food and recreation
anavasthitam – fickle minded
amarṣaṇam – impatient
asañcayaṃ – bankrupt – śākunaṃ vidyāt (6)|- śākunaṃ vidyāt (6)|

इत्येवं खलु राजसस्य सत्त्वस्य षङ्विधं भेदांशं विद्यात्, रोषांशत्वात्||च.शा.४/३८|| ityevaṃ khalu rājasasya sattvasya ṣaṅvidhaṃ bhedāṃśaṃ vidyāt, roṣāṃśatvāt||38||
Thus based on the angry state of mind the rājasika satva is categorized as the above six types.

The sub types of tāmasa satva:
i) pāśu tāmasa satva’s traits:- निराकरिष्णुममेधसं जुगुप्सिताचाराहरं मैथुनपरं स्वप्नशीलं पाशवं विद्यात् (१)|

nirākariṣṇum – absent minded
amedhasaṃ – idiotic
jugupsitācārāharaṃ – disgusting eating habits and activities
maithunaparaṃ – sexaholic
svapnaśīlaṃ – sleepy & lethargic  – pāśavaṃ vidyāt (1)|

ii) matsya tāmasa satva’s traits:- भीरुमबुधमाहारलुब्धमनवस्थितमनुषक्तकामक्रोधं सरणशीलं तोयकामं मात्स्यं विद्यात् (२)|
bhīrum – timid
abudham – foolish
āhāralubdham – eats food avariciously
anavasthitam – unsteady minded
anuṣakta_kāmakrodhaṃ – in habit of contant expression of lust and anger
saraṇaśīlaṃ – in habit of eloping / running away
toyakāmaṃ -fond of water and water sports like swimming – mātsyaṃ vidyāt (2)|

iii)vanaspati tāmasa satva’s traits:-
अलसं केवलमभिनिविष्टमाहारे सर्वबुद्ध्यङ्गहीनं वानस्पत्यं विद्यात् (३)|
alasaṃ – lazy
kevalam abhiniviṣṭam āhāre – binge eating
sarvabuddhi aṅga hīnaṃ – low intellect – vānaspatyaṃ vidyāt (3)|

Thus based on the angry state of mind the rājasika satva is categorized as the above six types.

By Vd.A.Rangaprasad Bhat
“Padmanilayam”, (Ayurveda & Non Conventional Marma Chikitsa Clinic) 49/46,
Kanagaraya Malaiyappan St,
Raja Annamalaipuram,
Mandavelipakkam, Chennai- 600028.
Email: drrangaprasadbhat@gmail.com


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Comments

  1. This a very interesting article. I have heard about gandharvas, and the number7 type of shuddha sattva gives their qualities. But I am wondering, how person, attached to sex enjoyment, can obtain any knowledge of the Supreme? Arent brahmacari vows should be followed by anyone who wants to find out about the transcendental joy of association with the Supreme Lord? Thank you sir.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      That is a very good question.
      Categorization helps to understand the nature of people – their likes and dislikes.
      For Satva types, it is easier to concentrate and enjoy higher spiritual state.
      For Rajas types it is harder
      For Tamas types, it is hardest.

      That does not mean, Satva types are “granted” with spiritual states.
      All have to follow the path of righteousness, do their Dharma, fight off lust, greed, anger and do their bit to follow spirituality, to succeed.
      So, Gandharva Satva trait fellow has all good ones, except for one disadvantage, which he has to overcome to excel.

      Hope I make sense.

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