Uses of Mango fruit, Bark, Leaves, Seeds. Recipes, Research

There are very less medicinal trees as versatile as Mango. Unripe, sour, sweet mangoes, mango bark, leaves, root, seed, flower – each of these have different medicinal qualities. 
Botanical name- Mangifera indica Linn
Family-Anacardiaceae

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Aam
English name- Mango

Sanskrit Synonyms-
Sahakara, Keereshta, Madhavadruma, Bhringabheeshta, Parapushta, Madodbhava, Makanda, Pikabandhava,
Rasala – Juicy,
Vanapushpotsava – densely covered with flowers
Suphala, Madhushchuta, Madhuphala, Seedhurasa, Madhvavasa, Madhuli,  – sweet fruit
Vasantadoota, Vasantapadapa – Leaves sprout during Vasanta – spring season
Kamashara, Kamanga, Manmathalaya, Sumadana, Kama vallabha – natural aphrodisiac
Kokilotsava, Kokilabandhu – Nightingale birds sit and sing on mango trees

Mango chemical Composition –
Leaves and bark contain Mangiferin (flavonoid, natural xanthone C-glycoside), Mangiferolic acid, homonangiferin, indicenol.
Young leaves have tannins, flavonoid, steroid, cardiac glycoside, alkaloids & carbohydrate.

Classical categorization
Charaka-
Hrudya – Group of herbs that are good for heart,
Chardinigrahana –Anti emetic group of herbs
Purisha sangrahaniya – Group of herbs that increase bulk of feces,
Mutra Sangrahaniya – Group of herbs that increase volume of urine
Sushruta and Vagbhata – nyargodhadi gana

Almost all the Nighantus have mentioned a seperate group of herbs starting with called Amradi Varga – underlining the importance of Amra in Ayurveda treatment.
Dhanvantari Nighantu, Raja Nighantu, Bhavaprakasha, Sodhala Nighantu – Amradi Varga

Mango medicinal Properties
Rasa- Kasaya(Bark, Seeds)
Guna- Laghu – light to digest
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Sheeta – Coolant

Effect on Tridosha –
Ripen fruit – Balances Vata Dosha
Other parts – KaphaPitta hara – Balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha.
Part used- stem bark, leaf, flower, seed kernel
Dosage-
Fresh juice 10-20 ml;
Decoction 50-100 ml
Seed Powder 3-6 g

Mango benefits

Unripe mango qualities and uses:
Katu – pungent
Kashaya – Astringent
Amla – Sour taste
Rooksha – dry
Ruchya – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Vatasrakrut – vitiates Vata Dosha and blood tissue
Pittakrut – Increases Pitta Dosha

Unripe mango

Sour mango uses:
May cause or worsen raktapitta –Bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc
Asrakrut – vitiates blood
Kaphaprada – increases Kapha
Hrudya – acts as cardiac tonic, congenial for heart
Varnakara – Improves skin tone and complexion
Ruchya – improves taste, relieves anorexia.
Kantamayaghna – useful in throat disorders
Raktamamsabalaprada – improves blood tissue, muscle tissue, strength and immunity.

Yellow mango

Sweet mango benefits:
Kashayanurasa – has subtle astringent taste
Vataghna – useful in treating disorders of Vata Dosha imbalance  such as neuralgia, paralysis, constipation, bloating, etc
Brumhana – nourishing, nutritious
Guru (heaviness)
Pittavarodhi – Does not increase Pitta
Shukravivardhana – improves sperm and semen quantity and quality
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Visthabhya, Ajeernakrut – excess intake may cause constipation and indigestion in a few
Tarpana – Nourishing, calming
Kantikari – improves skin quality

Indicated in
Trushna – Excessive thirst
Shrama – tiredness

Mango bark

Mango Bark qualities:
Grahi – absorbent, bowel binding, useful in IBS, diarrhoea
Kashaya  – astringent
Balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha.

Mangifera indica uses

Mango root
Grahi – absorbent, bowel binding, useful in IBS, diarrhoea
Kashaya  – astringent
Balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha.

Mango young leaf shoots
Ruchya – improves taste, useful in anorexia 
Grahi – absorbent, bowel binding, useful in IBS, diarrhoea
Kashaya  – astringent
Balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha.

mango medicinal qualities3

Mango flower:
Balances Kapha and Pitta
Asrug Dushtihara – detoxifies blood
Sheeta – cold
Ruchikrut – improves taste, appetizer, useful in anorexia
Grahi – absorbent, bowel binding, useful in IBS, diarrhoea
Vatala – Increases Vata Dosha
Indicated in –
Atisara – diarrhea, dysentery
Prameha – Urinary tract disorders, diabetes
Dushta Shonita – vitiated blood

Mango usage4

Amchur powder Uses:
Amchur is prepared by removing the skin of unripe mango and sun-drying.
Amla – sour
Swadu – sweet
Kashaya – astringent
Bhedana – useful in constipation
Kaphavatajit – Balances Kapha and Vata Dosha.

Vruksha Sampakva Amra – Mango that ripens on the tree:
Madhura – sweet
Amla – sour
Guru – heavy
Vatahara – Balances Vata, useful in neurological disorders such as paralysis, hemiplegia, neuropathy etc
Kinchit Pitta Prakopana – slightly increases Pitta.

Krutrima Pakwa Amra – Artificially ripened mango:
Has almost no sourness and is very sweet
Laghu – light to digest
Sheetala – coolant
Sheeghrapaki – undergoes quick digestion
Pittanashana – balances Pitta Dosha
Balances Vata and Pitta Dosha
Sara – laxative, promotes movement of liquids in channels
Ruchya – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Balakara – improves strength and immunity
Veeryakara – improves immunity and potency

Galita Amra rasa – squeezed mango juice:
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Guru – heavy
Vatahara – Balances Vata, useful in neurological disorders such as paralysis, hemiplegia, neuropathy etc
Sara – laxative, promotes movement of liquids in channels
Brumhana – improves nourishment
Kaphavardhana – Increases Kapha Dosha
Ahrudya – Not good for heart in excess quantities
Mango juice can even be applied over hair to improve shine and strength

Amra Khanda – Mango candies:
Guru – heavy
Rochana – improves taste, appetizer
Chirapaki – takes a long time to undergo digestion
Brumhana – improves nourishment
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Sheetala – coolant
Vatahara – Balances Vata, useful in neurological disorders such as paralysis, hemiplegia, neuropathy etc

Sour mango with milk is contra indicated.


Dugdhamra – Sweet mango with milk:
Vatapittahara – Balances Vata and Pitta Dosha
Ruchya – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Brumhana – improves nourishment
Balavardhana – improves strength and immunity
Vrushya – aphrodisiac
Varnakara – improves skin complexion
Swadu – sweet
Guru – heavy to digest
Sheetala – coolant

Amravarta – Amavat – raw mango cake:
Ripe mango fruits are squeezed to extract juice. The thick juice is spread over a cloth sheet, sun dried. When it dries up, repeated layers of juice is spread and a thick layered mango cake is prepared
It balances Vata and Pitta Dosha
Sara – laxative, promotes movement of liquids in channels
Laghu – light to digest, as it is sun dried.
It is indicated in –
Trushna – Excessive thirst
Chardi – vomiting

Mango seed

Mango seed uses:
Kashaya – Astringent
Slightly sour and sweet.
Indicated in
Chardi – vomiting
Atisara – diarrhea, dysentery
Hrudayadaha – burning sensation in chest
Seed kernel
Kashaya – astringent
Madhura – sweet
Grahi – absorbant, useful in diarrhea, IBS
Twak dahahara – relieves burning sensation

Oil prepared from Mango:
Kashaya – astringent
Swadu – sweet
Tikta – bitter
Mukharogahara – useful in oral disorders, oral ulcer, bad breath
Rooksha – dry
Sugandhi – has good smell
Pacifies Kapha and Vata

External application:
During excessive bleeding, injury and wounds, bark, flower, leaves and seed kernel dry powders are applied externally. Due to astringent properties, they stop bleeding and heal wounds quickly.

Side effects of Mango:
Excess consumption of sour mango fruit causes:
Mandanala – weak digestion strength
Vishamajwara – recurrent, chronic fever
Raktamaya – blood vitiation disorders like skin diseases, bleeding disorders etc.
Baddhagudodara – constipation and bloating
Nayanamaya – eye disorders

To counter the side effects,
Ginger water is advised or cumin seeds with sochal salt (Sauvarchala Lavana) is advised.

Research:
Effect of young leaves on GI disorders –
such as infection due to E,coliTG1; S.typhi NCTC 74; S. typhi 62; Vibrio cholera 1023 and S. sonnei NK4010

Ethno-pharmacology

Ayurvedic medicines with mango as ingredient:
Katakakhadiradi Kashayam – 
Mango seed is used. This is used in treating diabetes.
Nyagrodhadi Churna – used in the Ayurvedic treatment for urinary disorders and diabetes
Patrangasav – Seed kernel is used. This medicine is used mainly in gynecological conditions such as heavy menstrual bleeding, leucorrhea, fever etc.
Brihat Gangadhar Churan –  Seed is used. It is used in the Ayurvedic treatment for Diarrhoea and gastro intestinal conditions.


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Comments

  1. UmaShankari says:

    Dear Shri. Hebbar, I find the articles v. useful. Pl. continue to send them to my mail.
    I am a mango farmer from Chittoor dt. of Andhra Pradesh. I am looking at value addition possibilities for mangoes beyond pulp and pickles. The whole region of Chittoor dt. has been planted with mango and the only things farmers know of are pulp and pickles. The pulp factories do not give us good prices, and unbranded pickles have no market. The above article is indicating various uses of mangoes- from root to bark to seeds and kernels. If there is a market for these products, we farmers would like to benefit from them. Pl. write to me in detail how we mango farmers can benefit from raw material markets for ayurveda. My email ID is :umanarendranath@yahoo.co.in

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, I am sharing your contact information with my facebook and twitter followers so that anyone interested can contact you.
      The best step forward for you is, to make a list of Ayurvedic pharmacies in and around you and start contacting them by phone / email.

  2. Fanuel Chandilanga says:

    Quiet helpful. I have been wasting mangoes, now I now they are precious

  3. m r sreenivasa says:

    excellent. easy to understand and experiment

  4. pplease give the methods of preparing medicine for excess of bleeding, with the kernel of seeds.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Its dry fine powder in a dose of half a gram twice a day, with water, after food is advised or its water decoction (Kashaya) is administered in a dose of 15 ml, twice a day after food.

  5. excellent! please include more recipes in the future

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