Abelmoschus moschatus – Muskdana seeds are added to coffee for flavouring. Its leaves are used as vegetable. It cleanses urinary bladder, acts as aphrodisiac and is useful in eye disorders
Botanical name- Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn. (Abelmoschus moschatus Medik)
Names in different languages:
Hindi name-Kasturi bhendi
English name- Musk Mallow, Musk Seeds, Ambrette, Yorka okra
Telugu name- Kastur benda, Kasturi Bendavittulu
Tamil name- Vettilaikkasturi
Arabian name – Habbul Mushk
Farsi name – Mushk Dana
Bengali name – Kal Kasturi
Marathi name – Kastur Bhed
Lata Kasturi – Seeds odor resembles musk
Distribution: Found in southern India
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadhi Varga
Bhava Prakasha – Poorva Khanda, Mishra Prakarana, Karpooradi Varga
Major chemical constituents
Seeds contain oil (19.5%) unsaponifiables etc, Trans-2-trans-b- farnesyl acetain, ambrettolide, fornesol etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Seed analysis report 11.1% moisture, 31.5% crude fiber; 14.5% lipids, 13.4% starch, 2.3% protein, volatile oil (0.2-0.6% ) and ca/ 5% resin (Srivastava 1995).
Analysis of volatiles report myricetin-3-glucoside and a glycoside of cyanidin in flowers, an aromatic constituent in seeds, beta-sitosteral and its beta-D-glucoside, myricetin and its glucoside in leaves and petals and beta-sitosterol from dry fruit husk (Rastogi and Mehrotra 1991a,b).
Rasa (taste) – Tikta – bitter, Madhura – sweet, Katu – Pungent
Guna (qualities) – Laghu – light to digest, Rooksha – dryness, Teekshna – strong, piercing
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Sheeta – Coolant
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha
Part used- seeds
Dosage- powder 1-3 g
Abelmoschus moschatus Uses
Basti Vishodhini – Cleanses urinary bladder
Vrushya – aphrodisiac, improves vigor
Chakshushya – improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders
Chedani – cutting in nature
Shleshmajit – Kaphahara – balances Kapha, useful in productive cough, asthma
Indicated in –
Trushna – excessive thirst
Vastyama – urinary tract disorders
Asyaroga – oral disorders, bad breath problem
It acts as a cardiac stimulant, used in diarrhea, premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction
Ambrette oil is extracted from seed, is used in perfume industry.
The seeds are valued for the volatile oil present in the seed coat.
Roots and leaves are cures for gonorrhea (Agharkar 1991).
In diet: Leaves are used as vegetable, seeds are added to coffee
Ayurvedic medicines with Lata Kasturi ingredient:
Shilapravang – used as aphrodisiac
Seek medical advice for usage during pregnancy and lactation.
It can be used in children in small doses.