Brihati- Solanum indicum- Qualities, Benefits, Dose, Side Effect

Brihati – Solanum indicum is one among Dashamoola – group of 10 roots, having potent anti inflammatory activity. Apart from its root, its fruit is also used in treatment. It is widely used in treating respiratory disorders.

Brihati - Solanum indicum - leaves and fruit Brihati - Solanum indicum flower copy

Botanical Name: Solanum Indicum Linn. S . Ferox L. NoN Ambig
Family- SOLANACEAE (Kantakari Kula)
Vernacular Name
Hindi Name – Badi Kateri, Vanabhanta
Telugu Name – Pedda Mulaka, Tella Mulaka
Bengali Name – Rambegun, Vyakud
Tamil Name – Anachundai, Papparamalli,
Marathi Name- Dorali
Gujrati Name- Ubhi ringani
Farsi name – Katai Kalaam
English name –  Poison Berry, Indian Nightshade, African Eggplant, Bush Tomato,

Sanskrit Synonyms-
Bruhati – Brihat means big in size. Often, Brihati and Kantakari are considered together, in the name of Brihati Dwaya. Among these Brihati is larger and Kantakari is smaller.   Mahati is also the name given to this, based on same principle.
Kshudrabhantaki – Bhantaki means Egg Plant. This plant’s structure is similar to Egg plant in structure. Another synonym – Vartaki is also given based on same principle.
Simha – Simha means lion. Regular use of Bruhati makes throat as strong as lion’s. Like Kantakari, it is also used in treating throat, and respiratory tract diseases.
Duspradharshini, Hinguli

Classical Categorization
Charaka Samhita –  
Kanthya – group of herbs used in throat disorders
Hikkanigrahana – group of herbs used in treating hiccups
Shothahara – anti inflammatory group of herbs
Angamarda Prashamana – Pain relieving group of herbs

Sushruta- Bruhatyadi, Laghu Pancamula
Vagbhata- Bruhatyadi

Different varieties
In the text, two varieties of Bruhati viz
Bruhati  – Solanum indicum
Shveta Brihati – Solanum torvum Swartz (white coloured flower)

Kaiyadeva enumerated 11 varieties of Brihati – Simhi, Brhati, Kantakari, Nidigdhika, Valli Brhati, Vrtra Brhati, sveta Brhati, Alambu Phala Brhati, Amla Brhati, Jala brhati, and Sthula Brhati.

Found in the tropical parts of India.
Major Chemical Constituents
Solanine, Carotene, Carpesterol, Solanocarpone, Diosogenin, B- Sitosterol, Lanosterol, Solasonine, Solamargine, Solasodine, vit. C etc
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna Vijnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

Solanum indicum – medicinal qualities 
Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (lightness), Rooksha (dryness)
Veerya –  Ushna – hot potency
Vipaka – Katu –  undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Vata.
Part used- root , fruit
Powder -3 – 5 grams, in divided dose per day,
Water decoction (Kashayam) – 50 – 100 ml, in divided dose per day, based on doctor’s advice.

Solanum indicum - medicinal uses

Brihati – Solanum indicum – medicinal uses:
Root –
Shwasaapaha – useful in asthma, chronic respiratory disorders
Shoolaapaha – useful in relieving abdominal colic pain
Jwaraapaha – relieves fever
Chardi – relieves vomiting
Hrudroga – useful in cardiac disorders
Mandagni – useful to improve digestion strength
Amadosha – Useful to relieve Ama – a product of impaired digestion and metabolism
Paachani – digestive,
Graahini – has absorbent property. Useful in diarrhea, IBS and malabsorption syndrome
Vandhyaanaam apathyadaa – Used in treating female infertility
Deepani – carminative
Hrudya – acts as cardiac tonic
Aasya Mala Vairasya – relieves tongue coating. relieves bad breath
Arochaka – useful in anorexia
Kushtajit – useful in skin diseases
Agnimandyajit – useful in low digestion strength
Vatajit – Useful in Vata disorders (neurological)
Shukra rechaka – helps in semen ejaculation problems.
It is useful in blood detoxification,
It has diuretic action
Its seed paste is applied over penis to improve erection
Its juice extract is used for external application in alopecia treatment.
It is used in treating secondary amenorrhea, difficulty in child birth and diseases related to post delivery (post partum) period.

Bruhati Fruit –
Katu, Tikta – pungent, bitter in taste
Laghu – lightness
Kandughna – useful to relieve itching, pruritis
Kushtaghna – useful in skin diseases
Krumighna – relieves worm infestation
Kapha Vata Hara – Balances Vata and Kapha

Side effects:
For pregnant mothers and children, it is best to consult a doctor before using this herb.
Solanum indicum – scientific research:
Evaluation of laxative and cardiotonic activity
Anti-dermatophytic activity
Anti bacterial potentials
Experimental evaluation of anti hypertensive activity on distichum extract of Solanum indicum
In vitro anti oxidant and anthelmintic activity

Famous Ayurvedic medicine with Brihati as ingredient-
Nalikerasavam – used in premature ejaculation
Ajamamsa Rasayanam – used in neurological disorders
Manasamitra Vatakam – used in psychological disorders like stress, insomnia, depression


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  1. Vishnu Prasad says:

    Very useful information

  2. B.Ganesh Rao says:

    Good info about solanum torvum. Please advise as how best can we use this plant when grown in abundance at home .

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      The best way to use it is, to make Kashayam and have it in the morning. – a tablespoon of Brihati powder, mixed with two cups of water, boiled and reduced to half a cup and taken in the morning, before food.

      You can also dry the herb, powder it and mix it to any herbal tea powder that you may have at home.

  3. how long term it can be used continue?

  4. Shiva Prasad Mohanty says:

    English name is not mentioned.

  5. Dileep K Nair says:

    No need of any kashayam and all .. You can have it row. Its works very well. Just wash it before using it. That’s all. This is the best medicine. In Arunachal Pradesh people use it as in daily basis . Arunachal blessed with ayurveda medicines . There is no hospital here. People are healthy.

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