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Black Cumin Benefits, Usage, Dose, Side Effects – As Per Ayurveda

Black cumin is an ancient Indian spice. It is widely used after delivery care of the mother. It is good for eyes, bloating, vomiting etc. It is also used in children’s medicines.  The little spice has huge health benefits with almost nil side effects. 

Hindi name –Syah jeera, Kali Jeera
Marathi name – Shahaajire
Gujarathi name – Shaahjeeru
Telugu name – Sheema jilkar
Tamil name – Shimayishiragam
Kannada name – Kari jeerige
Arabbi name – Kamoone aramani
Farsi name – Jeera e syaah

Sanskrit Synonyms: Kashmirajiraka, Udgarashodhana, Sugandha, Dantashodhani
Availability: It is available in Kashmir, Gadhaval, Kumavu, Afghanistan, baluchisthan, at 6000 – 11000 feet height regions.

There are two herbs used in the name of Black cumin.
Carum bulbocastanum  / Bunium bulbocastanum – Black cumin,  Black caraway
Nigella sativa – small fennel / Simple nigella / Kalonji

Black caraway medicinal qualities
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Rasa (Taste) – Katu (pungent)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency) – Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha – Kaphavatashamaka – balances Kapha and Vata, increases Pitta

Black Cumin Health Benefits

Deepana – improves digestion strength
Sangrahi – absorbent, useful in diarrhea
Medhya – improves intelligence
Jvaraghna – Useful in fever
Pachana – carminative
Vrushya – natural aphrodisiac
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Ruchya – improves taste
Chakshushya – good for eyes, improves vision power
Ruchya – improves taste
Dantashodhani – cleanses teeth
Useful in the treatment of
Adhmana – bloating, gaseous distension of abdomen
Gulma – Abdominal tumor, bloating
Chardi – vomiting
Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery
Shopha – inflammatory conditions
Jeernajvara – chronic stages of fever
Dose – 1 – 3 grams

Use of Black Cumin after delivery:
In South Indian custom, after delivery, A water decoction made with black cumin is administered to the mother from day 2 to day 10. In a dose of 15 ml in the morning, empty stomach. It is done to fight post delivery infection and to strengthen mother’s internal system.

Ayurvedic medicines using Black cumin seeds:
Madana Kameswari Lehyam – An Aphrodisiac herbal jam
Vayu Gulika – Used in cold, fever, bloating etc.
Virechana Gulika – Used to induce purgation.
Kombanchadi Gulika – Used in fever, cough and cold in kids.

Black Cumin Side Effects:
There are no known side effects with Kala Jeera in the said dosage. Like we saw, it is used in mothers, soon after delivery and also in kids. There is no record to say that it is unsafe during pregnancy. However, it is best to avoid during pregnancy.

Black cumin seed oil benefits –
This oil is also widely used to improve skin tone, to treat acne, scar, dark spots and as moisturizer.
It is known to promote hair growth.

The oil contains omega-6 linoleic acid , omega-9 oleic acid, thymoquinone, nigellone, melanthin, nigilline, damascenine, and tannins. It is also known to help body produce prostaglandin E1, which is useful to treat erectile dysfunction.
However, its over-dosage must be strictly avoided, due to fear of toxic symptoms.

Dr JV Hebbar B.A.M.S, MD (Ayu), is an Ayurveda Doctor. Click here to consult Dr Hebbar
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  1. Deepak says:

    black seed or nigella sativa seems to be different.Doesn’t look like shahjeera.Google search for nigella is showing different pictures.Just FYI

  2. anil kumar saxena bhopal MP says:

    kala jeeri is diffrent than kalongi and shah jira.

  3. Then which is best kali jeeri or kalongi

  4. Sheikh Dastagiri says:

    Can we use Black cumin seed oil or kalongi oil in organic soaps and at what percentage.

  5. Can black seed oil be used in cooking ? If so, what are the guidelines & precautions ?

  6. hi black ziri ajwayen &methi dana powder in the morning&night &biack Til after having lunch &dinner .both thing can be consumed.

  7. Which is best for wt loss kalongi or Kali jeeri??

  8. Black jeera for 8 months old is advisable? If yes what are the ways of use.. baby has respiratory infections.

  9. ratnasinh says:

    Dr. what is kala jira it means shahi jira or kadu korhal in marathi pls tell me.

  10. Jeera mathi & ajwain ke mixture mein kadu jeera effective hai ki Kali jeera&

  11. Kartik says:

    Hello doctor,
    Which home remedies can be used on a daily basis to improve insulin sensitivity of cells.

  12. Amarjeet Singh says:

    What is the active compounds present in Kalijiri (Vernonia anthelmintica) seed in relation with bitter taste.

  13. Kya such me weight loss karta hai or kitne din me plz reply

    • Dr Malini Bhat says:

      Hello Madam, Abhi jo research hua he uske hisab se Black seed oil ke massage se weight loss hota he.

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