Jaggery Health Benefits, Usage, Side Effects – Full Ayurveda Details

Jaggery is extensively used in many Indian cuisine and in various Ayurvedic medicines. It is a good substitute for sugar. Not only that, it comes with a bunch of its own unique health benefits. Jaggery forms the backbone of Asavas and Arishtas – fermented liquid Ayurvedic medicines. 

What is jaggery? How to prepare it?
It is a type of unrefined sugar, prepared from sugarcane or date juice. The juice is concentrated by heating and molasses is not removed while concentrating it. The end product is brownish yellow coloured solid jaggery blocks. It is also available in semisolid form.

Jaggery is called as Guda, Gud, Gula, Gulam in Ayurveda. Ayurveda explains two types of jaggery.
Dhauta – washed / semi-refined
Adhauta – unrefined, unwashed.

jaggery benefits

Qualities of jaggery and health benefits: 
Guda - jaggery

(Reference: Ashtanga Hrudayam Sutrasthana 5/47-48)

Guda (jaggery, molasses), washed well (made white and purified)-
Natishleshma kara – does not increase Kapha to a large extent
Srushtamutrashakrut – increases volume of urine and faeces
If it is not prepared properly, it causes intestinal worms, increases chances of Kapha disorder in marrow, blood, fat tissue and muscles.
Old jaggery is good for heart, and should be consumed. So, jaggery should be at least one year old for its usage.
Freshly prepared jaggery increases Kapha and causes indigestion. 47-48.

jaggery health benefits - Ayurveda

unrefined or unwashed jaggery is
Sakshara – slightly alkaline
Natisheeta – not very coolant
Snigdha – oily, unctuous
Mutrashodhaka – cleanses bladder and urine
Raktashodhaka – cleanses and purifies blood
Vataghna – balances Vata
Na ati pittajit – decreases Pitta slightly
Medakara – increases body fat
Kurmikara – causes intestinal worm infestation
Balya – increases strength
Vrushya – aphrodisiac

Jaggery for splenomegaly:
For the treatment of splenomegaly (Plihodara), Haritaki – Terminalia chebula, in a dose of 3 – 5 grams once or twice a day, is administered along with  2- 3 grams of jaggery. (Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 13)

Dhauta guda or washed jaggery is
Madhura – sweet
Vatapittaghna – balances Vata and Pitta
Asruk prasadana – cleanses and detoxifies blood
It has a more Pitta balancing action compared to Adhauta (unwashed)

Purana Guda – old jaggery:
Svadutara – much more sweeter than the fresh
Snigdha – oily, unctuous
Laghu – lighter to digest, than fresh
Agnideepana – promotes digestion strength
Vitshodhaka – cleanses intestines and feaces
Mutrashodhaka- cleanses urinary bladder and urine
Amashayashodhaka – cleanses stomach
Ruchya – promotes taste
Hrudya – good for heart, cardiac tonic
Pittaghna – balances Pitta
Vataghna – balances Vata
Tridoshaghna – Generally good for all the three Doshas
Jwarahara – Good for fever (in small quantities only)
Santapa shantiprada – releives excess body heat
Shramahara- releives tiredness
Panduhara – useful in anemia
Pramehantaka- useful in urinary tract diseases

प्रभूतक्रिमिमज्जासृङ्मेदोमांसकरो गुडः||२३८||
क्षुद्रो गुडश्चतुर्भागत्रिभागार्धावशेषितः|
रसो गुरुर्यथापूर्वं धौतः स्वल्पमलो गुडः||२३९||
ततो मत्स्यण्डिकाखण्डशर्करा विमलाः परम्|
यथा यथैषां वैमल्यं भवेच्छैत्यं तथा तथा||२४०||
वृष्या क्षीणक्षतहिता सस्नेहा गुडशर्करा|
कषायमधुरा शीता सतिक्ता यासशर्करा||२४१||
रूक्षा वम्यतिसारघ्नी च्छेदनी मधुशर्करा|
तृष्णासृक्पित्तदाहेषु प्रशस्ताः सर्वशर्कराः||२४२||
prabhūtakrimimajjāsṛṅmedomāṃsakaro guḍaḥ||238||
kṣudro guḍaścaturbhāgatribhāgārdhāvaśeṣitaḥ|
raso gururyathāpūrvaṃ dhautaḥ svalpamalo guḍaḥ||239||
tato matsyaṇḍikākhaṇḍaśarkarā vimalāḥ param|
yathā yathaiṣāṃ vaimalyaṃ bhavecchaityaṃ tathā tathā||240||
vṛṣyā kṣīṇakṣatahitā sasnehā guḍaśarkarā|
kaṣāyamadhurā śītā satiktā yāsaśarkarā||241||
rūkṣā vamyatisāraghnī cchedanī madhuśarkarā|
tṛṣṇāsṛkpittadāheṣu praśastāḥ sarvaśarkarāḥ||242|| – Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana 27

Treacle / jaggery (Guda) causes increased parasitic infection.
Majjakara – It increases the quantity of marrow,
Asruk kara – improves blood,
medo Mamsakara – increases fat and muscles.
Before its formation as treacle (guda) the sugar cane juice undergoes four stages viz.
Ardhavasheshita ( when only ½ of the juice remains in the process of boiling),
Tribhaga avaseshishita (when 1/3 rd remains),
Chaturbhag Avasheshita (when ¼ th remains) and
Kshudra Guda or Phanita (Inspissated juice black in color).
The juice undergoing transformation through all these four stages is progressively heaviest.
That is to say the Phanita (inspissated juicepnidium) is the heaviest.

Dhauta is that variety of treacle which is cleaned and which contains increase in parasite etc. Matsyandika (crude sugar when the juice is inspissated so as to take the shape of eggs of fish), Khanda ( sugar candy ) and Sarkara (sugar) are all progressively better refined and cooler in relation to Dhauta Guda.
That is to say, sugar represents the best refined stage of juice. It is also the coldest of all varieties.

Use of jaggery in Ayurvedic medicines: 

Jaggery in Asava and Arishta:
Asava and Arishta are the fermented Ayurvedic products. They contain natural self generated alcohol, ranging from 5 – 12 %. Dasamoolarishtam and Ashokarishta – are two good examples of Arishta and
Kumaryasava is an example for Asava.

In these Asava and Arishta preparation, jaggery is used as a source of sugar. With the help of natural yeast, sugar in the jaggery is converted into alcohol with the help of natural yeast (present in some herbs, used in the medicines). During the process of this conversion, the water soluble and alcohol soluble active principles get dissolved into the liquid medium, and thus the medicine gets prepared in about 1 – 2 months of time.

In these asava and arishta preparations, jaggery was made into a paste with lime powder, applied over a long strip of cloth. This was used to seal the cap of vessels. This was useful to prevent entry of air inside the arishta vessel, helping in anaerobic fermentation.

Jaggery is used as a the sugar base in some syrups. Example: Raktansoo syrup

Herbal jams – Lehyam:
Jaggery is used as the sugar base to prepare some herbal jams, like Kalyanaka Guda and Shatavari gulam

Jaggery is used as base for many tablets. Apart from acting as a good binding agent, it also adds immense medicinal value to the tablet. Example: Pranada Gutika and Vyoshadi Vatakam

In some herbal water decoctions, the decotion is traditionally advised to be taken along with jaggery. Example: Pathyaksha Dhatryadi kashayam

Guda Varti
Guda varti is ancient equivalent to modern rectal suppositories. They are administered through rectal route to relieve constipation and for other therapeutic effects. For Varti, usually jaggery is used as the base. Jaggery starts melting in a little above room temperature. Rectal temperature is quite sufficient to melt the jaggery. So, while it melts, it releases the other herbs in the Varti into the rectal area, thereby, it acts as a carrier for other herbal powders.

Jaggery home remedies 

If you visit any Indian village in the afternoon, especially in summer, soon after you enter in, you will be given a small piece of jaggery and cold water to drink. This is to cool you down and to energize you instantly. Try it after coming home in the afternoon.

Various sweet drinks are prepared with jaggery, called as Guda Panaka, used extensively in Ayurveda to restore energy and for aphrodisiac effect.

I already have covered a couple of home remedies, where we used jaggery. Missed them?  Here are they –

Trikatu home remedy for cough

Amla remedy for excess body heat

Home remedies for acidity

Guda sharkara – The next step in processing of jaggery, where they get coarse granules. This is used in treating injured patients, people with emaciation and for aphrodisiac purposes.

Use by Sushruta:

Sushruta used to use jaggery in “dahakarma’ – heating process. Because jaggery can hold heat for a long period of time.
Reference: Dahakarmani upayukta: | Sutrasthana 12/4

Use in leech therapy –
In leech therapy, after the leech is applied and vitiated blood is let out, if still some more vitiated blood is remaining in the affected area, then a paste of jaggery, honey and turmeric is applied to the spot. This causes further letting out of impure blood. Read more about leech therapy – Jalauka (reference: Ashtanga Hrudaya Sutrasthana 26/46

Precautions and side effects:
Long term use, in high dose may cause weight gain.
Not recommended in diabetes.
Jaggery use, continuously for a long period of time may cause intestinal worm infestation.
Jaggery is contra indicated if you have ulcerative colitis.
Taking radish and jaggery along with fish is contra indicated in Ayurveda.
In case of Shotha – swelling, inflammation disorders, taking jaggery products is contra indicated.

Unique use of jaggery in intestinal worms:
Jaggery – if used for long time may cause intestinal worms. But in some Ayurvedic medicines, used in treating intestinal worm infestation, like Manibhadra Guda, jaggery is used as ingredient. This will help in attracting the worms into the intestines and to kill them with the other herbs in the medicine.

Jaggery for hemorrhoids:
The powder of Harad fruit is made into paste with equal amount of jaggery. This is administered before food to reduce pain, itching and size of hemorrhoids. (Charaka Chikitsa Sthana 14th chapter).

Dr JV Hebbar B.A.M.S, MD (Ayu), is an Ayurveda Doctor. Click here to consult Dr Hebbar
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  1. Thank you.. This is very helpful .
    1. You have mentioned “Dhauta guda or washed ghee ” and “Purana Guda – old ghee:” , why Ghee ?
    2. You have mentioned one year old gud is good.. How can we determine if it is old or new ?
    3. How can we distinguish between types of Jaggery (Gud) as Dhauta or Adhauta ? What exactly is washed ghee?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      1. Due to some wiring problem in my brain, I always get confused between Guda (jaggery) and Ghrita (Ghee). Sorry for the mistake. Thanks for pointing it. I corrected it.
      2. Usually fresh ghee will not be that sweetish. It will have salty or alkaline taste.
      3. The dhauta and Adhauta variants were only existent in olden days. If you get the jaggery, heat it till it liquefies, filter it, then it is Dhauta. If you use it as it is, then it is Adhauta.

  2. hariharan says:

    again is it fesh Ghee or Gud?

  3. Is it alright to heat jaggery in the pressure cooker, or is it harmful in any way? For example, we make “Sweet Gud Daliya” (jaggery with cracked wheat) by mixing liquefied+filtered (dhauta) jaggery with cracked wheat and putting them both in the cooker to cook.

    Thank you,

  4. I was told that jiggery can be heated, applied to a splinter as a drawing agent.

  5. dr.rajasekhara reddy, m.s., says:

    it is said that the only substances that can be given to a new-born are…honey and jaggery..! is it true?

  6. How do ayurvedic companies prepare sharkara,guda,sita,matsyandika,etc. Are they all jaggery or there is difference in their preparation??

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Usually red and white varieties of sugar candy is used for Mastyandika, Sita and Sharkara.
      Jaggery is used for Guda.
      Matsyandika is prepared with supernatant portion of the sugarcane juice.

  7. It’s a very good article and very informative.
    Dr. Hebbar you wrote that ‘Various sweet drinks are prepared with jaggery, called as Guda Panaka’, may you pl. mention some ways of making Guda Panaka and their benefits.

  8. itis very good in indigestion soup made with gaggery and wheat flour n little ghee

  9. Doctor, how to determine whether jaggery is old or new?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Even if new jaggery is bought from the market, it is good to store it for a month or so, before using it. I am unaware of any technique to know old / new.

  10. Dr, in coastal villages of north Karnataka (telagin bella) and in southern parts of Maharashtra (kakvi), liquid gud is used extensively. Is their much difference between the advantages/disadvantages of liquid gud over solid gud?

  11. T.K. Sasikumar says:

    Dr.Hebbar you didn’t mention whether Jaggery can be consumed by diabetic patients or not. It will be beneficial to the reader such information are included in the article.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, Jaggery also contains sugar content in it. Hence not suitable for diabetics. Thanks for pointing out.

  12. Harid vallyakam says:

    HI,Doctor,Thank you.. all the information on ayurveda from you is very helpful.what about the use of ayurvedic medicine having jaggery as ingredient by diabetic patients.

  13. Good article.i have started having Gud after each meal,and also break fast.

  14. Thanks for the article! It is very interesting!

    Couple questions please:
    >If it is not prepared properly, it causes intestinal worms…
    What is the reason of causes intestinal worms?
    The reason is the unrefined jaggery contains helminth (worms) eggs?
    Or the reason is the unrefined jaggery is good environment for intestinal worms?

    >This will help in attracting the worms into the intestines…
    How to understand “attracting”? Are mixed with sugar herbs more attractive for worms?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, if it is not prepared well, there will be moisture trapped in jaggery making it prone for getting infected.
      Generally worms are attracted to sweets.

  15. Hello!
    Thanks for article! It is very interesting!
    Couple questions please:
    >If it is not prepared properly, it causes intestinal worms…
    What is the reason of causes intestinal worms?
    The reason is the unrefined jaggery contains helminth (worms) eggs?
    Or the reason is the unrefined jaggery is good environment for intestinal worms?

    >This will help in attracting the worms into the intestines…
    How to understand “attracting”? Are mixed with sugar herbs more attractive for worms?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, if it is not prepared well, there will be moisture trapped in jaggery making it prone for getting infected.
      Generally worms are attracted to sweets.

  16. Asmita Panigrahi says:

    Found reading it good. If it helps me in my 10 month old babies weight gain, i wud certainly be delighted.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Yes it helps. But use only 1 -2 grams per day for the baby. Do not overdose with it.
      Do not be over-anxious about baby’s weight.

  17. Krishnan B S says:

    If I am right, Everything we eat is converted to glucose only inside the body. So why should not one eat Natural sugar or jaggery.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, everything is not converted to glucose in the body. There are other components such as protein, fats etc.

  18. Dear Doctor……..This is regarding Palm Jaggery which is available in Tamil Nadu in the villages…….I bought some ……It is dark brown and very hard….I broke it into small pieces and stored in a container……I was using it and after some days, i noticed that there seems to be a thin greyish layer on top……Not sure if it is FUNGUS……Will Palm jaggery ever catch fungus. If yes, should we throw it away or keep it in the sun OR heat it and use it. Please advice…

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, palm jaggery, if contains remnant moisture, then it catch fungus. Better to throw it away.

  19. Saurabh Kshirsagar says:

    What is the good or bad effect of Kakavi in our body

  20. Doctor, according to AHS Sutrasthana 10.33:

    madhuraṃ śleṣmalaṃ prāyo jīrṇāc chāliyavād ṛte /
    mudgād godhūmataḥ kṣaudrāt sitāyā jāṅgalāmiṣāt //

    Why sitā (white sugar) has no increasing effect on kapha?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      The meaning of this verse is – Generally, substances of sweet taste increase Kapha except old Shali (more than one year old rice) and Yava – Barley – Hordeum vulgare, Mudga (green gram), Godhuma (wheat), Kshaudra (honey), Sita (sugar candy) and meat of animals of desert – like lands.
      The reason is, sugar candy is Laghu – light to digest, which is opposite to heaviness of Kapha Dosha. A substance may act by its taste, its qualities, its Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion), Veerya (hot or cold potency) or with Prabhava (special effects). In this case, sugar pacifies Kapha dosha by the power of its lightness – Laghu quality.

  21. will it be proper to use-it daily for a healthy heart ?
    as it will increase body weight due to reach source of sugar & will increase fat even ,may be harmful to body’s lipid profile to some extent

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Jaggery is not harmful for heart, it doesn’t increase fat. It can be used as a natural substitute for sugar. With minimal quantities of half to 2 teaspoons per day, you will not gain weight even with daily usage.

  22. How does black jaggery consumed in fresh coconut water effect human body?
    What are the effects?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Half a teaspoon of black jaggery with a cup of coconut water, suitable for non diabetic people, once a day, 10 minutes before meals. It will have nourishing and coolant effect on health and mind.
      Useful in anxiety, gastritis, excess body heat, etc high Pitta conditions.

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