Bhallataka – Qualities and Uses – Total Ayurveda Details

Bhallataka is one of the most powerful and fast acting Ayurvedic hrebs. It is used extensively in piles, skin diseases, etc. Its botanical name is Semecarpus anacardium. It belongs to Anacardaceae family. Since it is very hot in potency, it is used only after purification procedures

Hindi name – Bhilawa
English name – Marking nut

Sanskrit synonyms:
Arushkara – produces wounds, merely by skin contact
Shophakrut – causes inflammation on skin contact
Agnimukha – as hot as fire

Classical categorization:
Charaka –
Deepaneeya – Group of herbs that promotes digestion,
Bhedaniya – group of herbs that cause mild purgation,
Kushtaghna – group of herbs that are useful in skin diseases
Mutrasangrahaneeya – group of herbs that cause urine retention.

Sushruta and Vagbhata – Nyagrodhadi, Mustadi gana.

Medicinal properties:
Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent), Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Teekshna (piercing), Snigdha (Unctuous)
Vipaka – Madhura – undergoes sweet taste conversion after digestion.
Veerya – Ushna – hot in potency

Bhallataka Shodhana –
Because it is very hot in nature, its mere skin contact may cause boils. To reduce its hot potency and toxicity, it is subjected to purification procedure.

bhallataka shodhana

Bhallataka ripe seeds are taken, and put into water. Only those which sink are used for purification and rest are discarded.
The seed is cut into two and kept immersed in dry brick powder for sometime. During this time, the dry brick powder absorbs all the strong pungent oil of Bhallatak, reducing its pungency and making it usable for medicinal purposes.

therapeutic uses of Bhallatak –

Bhallataka – medicinal qualities

1. There is no Kapha imbalance disease, no constipation, which can’t be cured by Bhallataka. It improves intelligence and promotes digestion.
2. Khadira seeds help to treat all skin diseases. Similarly, all hemorrhoids can be well treateed with Bhallataka.

Bhallatak fruit
after ripening, it is
Svadupaka rasa – sweet in taste.
Laghu – light to digest
Kashaya – astringent
Pachana – helps in digestion
Snigdha – unctuous
Teekshna – piercive
Ushna – hot
Chedana – has cutting, slicing effect
Bhedi – induces purgation.
Medhya – improves intelligence
vahnikara – promotes digestion
kaphavatahara -balances Kapha and Vata
Vranahara – induces quick wound healing
Udarahara – useful in ascites
Kushta – useful in skin diseases
Arshahara – useful in piles
Grahani – Useful in malabsorption syndrome
Gulma – Useful in gaseous distention of abdomen
Shopha -Relieves inflammation
Anaha – relieves bloating
Jwara – useful in fever
Krimi- useful in worm infestation.

Bhallataka seed kernel is sweet, aphrodisiac,
Bruhmani – nutritious, balances Vata and Pitta
Bark is good for hair and improves digestion.

Bhallataka and cancer: There are many Ayurvedic formulations that are prepared with Bhallataka, used in cancer treatment. As yet, there is no specific lead that is got to prove its efficacy beyond doubt. Nevertheless, Marking nut is one of the potential herb having scope against cancer. Read more

Important Ayurvedic medicines
Bhallataka Rasayana – useful in skin diseases and as anti aging medicine.
Amrita Bhallataka Ghrita – Useful in skin diseases and hemorrhoids.
Sanjivani Vati – useful in poisoning and fever

Dr JV Hebbar is an Ayurveda Doctor, Assistant Professor, From Mangalore, India. Click here to consult Dr Hebbar
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  1. bunty rahmaniac says:

    Here in Surat,Gujarat Swami Atmanad Saswati Ayurvedic Sahkari Pharmacy Ltd. makes Bhallatak Dantmanjan which they claim for toothache, pyorrhoea & foul mouth.

    Is bhallatak useful for teeth diseases or can be used as dantmanjan without side effects like Dashan Sanskar Churna ?

    • Dr JV Hebbar says:

      Yes it can be used. If the company is using Bhallatak in a tooth powder, then I am sure they will add coolant herbs to negotiate the heat effect of Bhallatak.
      However, it is best to use only a little quantity of the tooth powder for a week to test before using it on daily basis.

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