By Dr Renita D’Souza
Black gram is the best aphrodisiac bean. It is the best diet for those who are indicated to take sweet substance daily and one who feels exhausted daily. It is a best aphrodisiac and Vata dosha alleviating diet.
Rice cooked with Blackgram
As per the reference found in Charaka Samhita one of the authentic Ayurvedic text book, Rice prepared with meat, vegetable, muscle fat, oil, ghee, marrow and fruit is strength promoting, refreshing, cardiac tonic, heavy and nourishing. Similar are the properties of the rice prepared of Black gram, Sesame, Green gram and Milk.
Read – Ayurveda Mahodadhi: Legumes Green Gram, Chickpea, Peas
Black gram possess emollient, thermogenic, diuretic, aphrodisiac, nutritious, galactogauge, appetizer, laxative, styptic properties. It is a good nervine tonic. As a medicine it used to treat pains, Parkinson’s disease , Sciatica, erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, asthma, cardiac diseases, loss of taste, constipation, neurological disorders, paralysis, facial paralysis, debility etc. It is also made used as medicinal herb in Panchakarma therapies.
Read – Wheat Uses, Health Benefits, Side Effects: Complete Ayurveda Details
Botanical Name – Vigna mungo
Synonyms – Phaseolus mungo, Phaseolus roxburghii
Family – Leguminosae
Names in different languages
Sanskrit Name – Masha
English Name – Black gram, Mungo bean, Urad bean
Hindi Name – Udad, Udid, Urad, Urid, Urdi
Bengali Name – Masha kalaay, Mashkalai ḍal
Marathi Name – Udeed
Tamil Name – Ulundu, Uluntu
Gujarati Name – Adad, Alad
Kannada Name – Uddu, Uddina Bhele
Malayalam Name – Uzunu
Telugu Name – Uttulu, Minumulu
Tulu Name – Urdu bele
Punjabi Name – Daal maash
Nepali Name – Maas
Qualities and effect
Medicinal Qualities of Masha
Guru – heavy to digest
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Sweet
Virya (potency) – Hot (ushna)
Sara – causes intestinal movements
Snigdha – unctuous
Ruchya – improves taste
Sramsana – causes mild purgation
Tarpana – nourishes
Balya – promotes physical strength
Shukrala – increases sperm count
Brumhana – promotes bulk of tissues
Bhinna Mutra mala – excretes urine and feces
Sthanyo – enhances breast milk
Medhah pitta kaphapradah – increases Fat, Pitta and Kapha dosha
Mamsabala pradah – increases muscle bulk and strength
Raktha pitta prakopana – vitiates blood tissue and pitta dosha
Read – Traditional Ayurvedic Fried Flour Preparation – Masha Apupa
Masha (black gram) as Unwholesome diet
Indications, Tridosha effect
Therapeutic indications of Black gram
Guda keela – piles
Arditha – facial palsy
Shwasa – asthma
Pakthi shoola – abdominal pain during digestion
Effect on Tri doshas
Balances Vata dosha
Increases Kapha and Pitta dosha
As per the Nighantus, Masha (black gram) is one among the 4 substances that increases kapha and pitta – Black gram, Curds, Fish and Brinjal
Read – Barley (Hordeum vulgare) – Qualities, Uses, Remedies, Research
Traditional Health Remedies of Black Gram
- In Vata disorders like arthritis, joint pain, fatigue etc, the decoction prepared from Black gram is beneficial.
- Roots of Masha is used to cure problems related to bones and in lack of sleep (insomnia).
- Hot aqueous extracts of black gram leaves are used as remedy in diseases related to brain, stomach, jaundice, rheumatic pain and inflammatory disorders.
- Flour of mungo beans is used as excellent skin detox, makes the skin smooth. It can be used as bath powder.
- To stop bleeding, orifice of wound should be smeared with powder of Priyangu, Licorice, Black gram etc. –A. H. Su 27/48.
- Gruel used to evacuate the bowel – Gruel of vegetables, meat, Sesame and Black gram evacuates bowel. (Ch.Su 2)
Roots of blackgram
- Narcotic and Diuretic in action
- Used in the treatment of abscess, pain related bones, oedema, headache and inflammation.(A)
Forbidden in diseases
Black gram is one among the foods which is not recommended to take daily. In some disease conditions black gram is considered as unwholesome. Example –
- Vata raktha (gout)
- Worm infestation
- Blood vitiated diseases
- Ekakushta (Psoriasis)
- Raktapitta (bleeding diseases)
- Skin diseases etc
Read – Green Gram (Mung bean) Qualities, Uses, Remedies, Research
Bad Food Combinations
Wrong food combination with Black gram
- Ripe fruit of Nikucha (Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb) should not be taken with the black gram soup, sugar candy and ghee.
- Meat of Yak, buffalo, cow, deer, elephant, fish, whale, pearl oyster, conch snail, cat fish, crocodile should not be taken together with honey, sesame seeds, sugar candy, milk, black gram, radish, lotus stalk or germinated grains (Viruda dhanya).
Read – Bad Food Combinations And Solution As Per Ayurveda
Side effect management
Treatment for indigestion caused by Urad Dal
- Indigestion caused by black gram is treated by Shodhita dhattura (Purified belladonna seeds), sugar candy and Buttermilk
- Indigestion caused by Black gram vada cured by Neem root decoction.
- Indigestion due to intake of Masha vataka (Vada of black gram) is treated by Veshavara (spice mixture), Shodhita
dhattura (Purified belladonna seeds).
Read – 120 Remedies For Indigestion Caused By Specific Foods
Udad Dal as Svedopaga substance
Black gram is one among the adjuvants of sweating treatment (svedopaka gana)
Read – Swedopaga Gana: Adjuvant Herbs For Sweating: Review, Benefits
Morphology, Distribution, Nutritional Value
Morphology of Mungo bean
Vigna mungo is a erect, densely hairy, annual legume, growing up to 30-100 cm in height. Pods are narrow, cylindrical, 4-6 cm long. Leaves are hairy, trifoliate with ovate leaflets, 4-10 cm long and 2-7 cm wide. Flowers are yellow.
Vigna mungo is originated from central Asia and India. It is found in Asia, Africa and Madagascar
Nutritional Value of Black Gram
Black gram is a very nutritious and good source of Protein, Potassium, Calcium, Iron, Niacin, Thiamine and Riboflavin.
Ayurvedic medicine, Research
Research on Vigna Mungo
Antihyperlipidemic and Antihyperglycemic Activity – A research article about preventive and curative potential of Vigna mungo against metabolic syndrome in acute and chronic rat models have proved black gram as a potentail antihyperlipidemic and antihyperglycemic agent which is used to prevent and treat type 2 diabetes.
Ayurvedic medicines with black gram as Ingredient
Mahamasha thailam – Used in neurological conditions like paralysis, deafness, tinnitus, stiffness and pain in locked jaw, headache, etc
Mashabaladi Kashaya – Used in the treatment of paralysis, facial palsy, neck rigidity, tinnitus etc.
Kolakulathadi Choornam – Used for dry powder massage to reduce fat.
Marma Gulika – Used in the treatment of heart, brain, urinary system, liver etc.
Mahakukkutamamsa Tailam – Used in rheumatism, muscle atrophy, paralysis, palsy, monoplegia, paraplegia, headache, eye diseases etc.
Karpasasthyadi Thailam – Used in the treatment of paralysis, facial palsy, spondylosis and other neuro-muscular conditions caused due to Vata imbalance.
Dazzle Oil – Used as instant muscularpain reliever.
Madana Kameswari Lehyam – It is used to improve sperm count, sperm and semen quality and quantity. It is a good natural aphrodisiac.
Prasarinyadi Kashayam – Used to treat joint pains and Vata diseases.
Galacto Plus Granules – used to enhance breast milk production
Shatavaryadi Churna – used in treatment for rejuvenation and to relieve stress and tiredness. It acts as natural aphrodisiac.
Ikshuradi Lehaym – Used to improve vigor
Sri Sri Tattva Shishu Taila – It is a oil used to protect and nourish baby’s skin.
Spondylon Capsules – Used in treatment of Spondylitis, Cervical spondylosis, etc
Migrakot Oil – It reduces headache and enhance transmission of nerve cells.
Santhwanam Oil – Used in the treatment of inflammation.
Gywomin Powder – used for the treatment of Functional impotence, Sexual weakness, Spermatorrhoea, Sexual neurosis and Neurological disorders.
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Dhanya Varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Dhanya Varga
Raja Nighantu – Shalyadi Varga
Dhanvantari Nighantu – Suvarnadi varga
Kingdom – Plantae
Order – Fabales
Family – Fabaceae
Subfamily – Faboideae
Tribe – Phaseoleae
Genus – Vigna
Species – Vigna mungo
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