Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Rasayana and Vajikarana form two types (forms) of Swasthasya Oorjaskara type of Bheshaja (medicine). They help in maintenance of health and fortify the health in an already healthy individual. Thus they predominantly are preventive medicines. But they also have a curative role, especially Rasayana.
Rasayana and Vajikarana form a comprehensive package of medicines (and non-medicines including lifestyle practices, behavior practices etc) which act in a biphasic way, i.e. preventive and curative.
Rasayana Paryayani, Synonyms of Rasayana
Actually the synonyms of Rasayana have not been specified in Ayurvedic treatises. But as already said, Rasayana is a Swasthasya Urjaskara type of Bheshaja (medicine). There are many synonyms for Bheshaja (which describe bheshaja or give multidimensional meaning of the same). So by mathematical equation, the synonyms of Bheshaja are also the synonyms of Rasayana, since Rasayana is also a Bheshaja.
Read related: Rasayana Therapy (Anti Ageing, Rejuvenation) Meaning, Derivation
The paryayas or synonyms of Rasayana (Bheshaja) are as below menionted –
Synonyms of Rasayana
- Prakruti sthaapanam
- Read related: Rasayana Paribhasha – Definition of Rasayana Chikitsa
Rasayana explained in terms of being methods and materials used to eradicate the diseases
Chikitsita is a word which explains Rasayana or Bheshaja as ‘materials and methods capable enough to root out the disease and disease process’ (i.e. Rogapanayana Sadhanam).
All the materials and methods (karana) which get involved (indulged, used, administered) in the activities (treatment) leading to eradication of diseases are called Rasayanas (i.e. Roga Nivrutti Janaka Vyapara Karanam).
Read related: 13 Important Benefits Of Rasayana Treatment
Rasayana explained in terms of ‘destroyer of disease’
That which destroys (hara) or eradicates or expels a disease (vyadhi) from the body is called Vyadhi Hara.
Rasayana explained in terms of being ‘wholesome and supportive to the channels of the body
Pathya means wholesome diet or food. Pathya is that which is beneficial for Patha or srotas (channels of the body which transport tissues and nutrients). Rasayanas are also wholesome to the ayana or srotas i.e. channels carrying rasadi dhatus (tissues of the body or nutrients to the tissues). Therefore Rasayanas can be called and considered as Pathya.
Rasayana explained in terms of tools or weapons of ‘disease destruction’
Saadhana means tools, weapons or equipments. Since Rasayanas are used to destroy or eradicate the diseases, they can be considered as Sadhana or tools for ‘disease destruction’.
Rasayana explained in terms of being a ‘medicine’
Medicines are needed to treat the diseases. The diseases comprehensively treated with medicine will get expelled from the body and will no longer bother the individual. All medicines or oushadhas are the tools of effective disease removal.
Thus all the Chikitsitas (materials and methods used to destroy the disease process) can be called as Oushadhas or medicines. Rasayana is a Chikitsita (as mentioned earlier) and is also used for disease destruction. Therefore Rasayana is a medicine or Oushadha.
Rasayana explained in terms of that which ‘burns the troubles’
That (those) which act as agni (fire) in the conditions of dukha (grief, troubles, diseases, discomfort) is called as Prayaschityam. Here, dukha is a word which denotes both physical and mental discomfort, i.e. physical and mental diseases or disturbances. Rasayana, in this context acts like a fire which burns all the physical and mental diseases and makes one healthy and strong. The term Chitya in Prayaschitya denotes agni or fire.
Rasayana explained in terms of being a pacifier of diseases
Rasayana helps in pacifying the diseases and or morbidity of the doshas. Therefore Rasayana is also called Prashamanam (Prashamana = to pacify).
8. Prakriti Sthapanam
Rasayana explained in terms of that which ‘establishes normalcy’
Prakriti means normalcy or harmony or equilibrium. Sthapanam means to establish. That which establishes the normalcy or equilibrium of tissues in the body, stabilizes them, strengthens them, fortifies them and build up the strength and immunity of the body is called Rasayana.
Rasayana explained in terms of being beneficial as a nutrient
Hitam means beneficial. Since Rasayana is a nutrient and nourishes all the tissues of the body, it is said to be beneficial for the body.
Rasayana explained in terms of that which eradicates the diseases
Since Rasayana eradicates (expels) the disease (rogapanayana) it is a Bheshaja or medicine since both Rasayana and Bheshaja does the same thing. Rasayana is a Swasthasya Urjaskara type of Bheshaja.
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