Mayur Shikha: Uses, Research, Remedies, Side Effects

Mayur Shikha is an Ayurvedic herb used for the treatment of skin diseases, fever, diarrhea, intestinal worms and diabetes. Adiantum caudatum / dichotoma and Actiniopteris radiata are identified as this herb.

Latin name-
Actiniopteris radiata (Sw.) Link
Adiantum dichotoma Bedd
Adiantum caudatum
Family- Polypodiaceae

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Mayurashika, Mor panki
English name- Peacock tail, Peacock’s tail
Gujarati name- Mor shikha
Marathi name- Mor shikha
Tamil name- mayil atumshikai
Telugu name- Mayurashika
Bombay name – Kalijhani

Sanskrit Synonyms: Madhucchada, Neelakanta shikha, Sahastrahi

Morphology:
Mayurashikha is a type of fern related to Hamsapadi. The plant is found near water source and rocks crevices all over India in the temperate climate. It is a brownish green colored, weak plant growing to a height of 0.5 to 1 feet with hair like structure in its body. The leaf is oval to semi- circular shape with serrated edges resembling the feathers of peacock. The laminae are 15-45 mm long and fan-shaped with a spread of some 180 degrees, the tip of each segment bearing 2-5 teeth. Small seeds are seen at the edges of the leaf.

Mayur Shika medicinal properties:
Rasa (Taste) – Madhura (Sweet), Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna (Qualities) –Ruksha (Dry in nature), Laghu (Light)
Vipaka – Katu (Undergoes pungent taste after digestion)
Veerya (Potency) – Sheeta (Cold)
Karma (Actions) – Kapha pitta shamaka (reduces vitiated Kapha and Pitta),

Part used- Whole plant
Dosage-
Fresh juice- 10 to 20 ml
Paste- External application

Chemical composition:
Steroids, tri terpenoids and flavonoids are found in the plant. The stems and leaves of the plant contain rutin, astyptic active principle.

Uses of Mayurashikha:

  • The paste of Mayurashikha is applied over the area affected with scabies and pigmentation of the skin as part of treatment.
  • Decoction of Actinopteris radiate is given in a dose of 50-60 ml to control increased sugar level in diabetes.
  • Cold infusion in a dose of 50 ml or fresh juice in a dose of 10-20 ml of Mayurashikha is given to treat fever and difficulty in micturition.
  • Decoction of this herb is given in a dose of 40-50 ml to treat intestinal worms and diarrhea.
  • To nullify the effect of snake bit poisoning, the herb is mixed with ghee and rice water and given regularly.
  • Traditionally it is indicated in Atisara – diarrhea of Pitta and Kapha origin.
  • Root of Mayurasikha pounded with milk should be taken by women in season for acheving conception.
  • In snake poison- Mayura shikha mixed with ghee taken with juice water, destorus all type of snake poison similarly does kakajangha.
  • Gravels, calculus etc root of Mayura shika is taken with rice, water, keeping on diet of milk and cereals.
  • The drug Mayurasikha is mainly stambhana, krimigna it is given in diarrhoea, dysentery worms Raktapitta, Prameha skin diseases and fever.
  • Mayurasikha is suggested in medical texts for promoting conception , snake bite and specific diseases whole plant is administered.
  • Asmari & sarkara root of Mayursikha is take with rice water, while keeping  the patient on milk cereal diet.
  • Vandhya- root of Mayurasikha pounded with should be taken by women during Ritukala.

 

It act as an astringent in alimentary system & a hemostatic in circulatory system. It is therefore useful in diarrhoea, dysentery, bleeding, disorders, intestinal warms, skin diseases & as a antipyretic.

Uses:
In Atisara, pravahika, krimiroga, raktapitta, Prameha jwara, carmaroga.
Stambhana, Krimigna, Raktapitta, Pramehagna, Prajasthapana.
ROGA Atisara, Pravahika, Crimiroga, Raktapitta, Prameha, carmaroga, jwara.

Adverse effect: No adverse effect is known after the use of this herb.

Research articles related to Actinopteris radiata:
Anti- bacterial action: The whole plant was extracted successively with certain alcoholic and aqueous solvents (petroleum ether, chloroform, acetone, methanol and water) by using soxhlet apparatus. Different concentrations of crude extracts such as 100, 200 and 300 µg/mL were prepared to found antibacterial activity.

Anthelmintic activity: The Ethanol extract was prepared from whole plant of Actiniopteris radiata Linn. was evaluated for in vitro anthelminthic effect. In the present study, different concentration of extract 50 mg/ml, 100 mg/ml, 200 mg/ml were investigated for its anthelmintic activity. The result indicates that the 200 mg/ml extract possess significant anthelmintic activity.

Anti- diabetic action: The in vitro anti-diabetic effect of Ethanol extract was prepared from whole plant of Actiniopteris radiata Linn. was evaluated by using chromogenic DNSA method. The Minimum inhibitory concentration was taken to assess anti-tubercular activity. The results showed that Chloroform extract have more significant Anti diabetic activity as compared to n-hexane, Ethanolic extracts. Pyrazinamide and Streptomycin are taken as standard drugs.

Classical categorization:
Bhavaprakasha- Guduchyadi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu- Oushadhi varga
Madanapala Nighantu- Haritakyadi varga

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida/Pteridopsida
(disputed)
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Pteridaceae
Genus: Actiniopteris
Species: A. radiata

Author: Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: drprashanthbk@gmail.com
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