This article is written by Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD(Ayu), PhD.
Indian fumitory is an Ayurvedic bitter tonic, useful for the treatment of fever, allergic hives and constipation.
Botanical name – Fumaria parviflora.
Sanskrit name – Parpataka.
Following species are recognized with the name Parpataka.
Fumaria indica Pugsley,
Polycarpea corymbosa Lam,
Glossocardia linearifolia Cass,
Justicia procumbens Linn,
Fumaria officinalis Linn,
Mollungo stricta Linn,
Rungia repens Nees etc.
However Fumaria parviflora and Fumaria indica are commonly considered as Parpataka.,
Hindi name – Pitta papda
It is herb of choice in many liver disorders.
Whole plant can be used and the leaves are rich with medicinal properties.
The plants are collected from the wheat and Rice fields where it is found as weed.
Fumaric acid and fumarine are the two important chemical constituents which act as anti histaminic, blood purifier, immuno modulator, diaphoretic, antipyretic and anti-tussive.
The plant is a good cholegogue (pitta saraka) as well.
Ayurvedic texts appreciate its qualities as bitter and astringent in taste, followed with cold in potency and sweet bio transformation. It is indicated in fever, cold, blood borne disorders, goitre etc.
Read related: Parpataka – Uses, Research, Side Effects, Medicines
Indian Fumitory remedies:
Pit Papda decoction in chikungunya, PUO, intermittent fevers, cold and jaundice:
Fresh or dried Parpataka – whole plant is taken (20-30 gram) and decoction is made by boiling with 240-300 ml of water. This is taken twice daily. In case of intermittent fevers it is prescribed 3-4 times a day. This is effective in the conditions like Dengue, chikungunya, PUO, intermittent fevers, cold and jaundice.
General method of preparation of decoction (kashaya) – 1 tablespoon of powder is added with 2 cups of water, boiled and reduced to 1 cup, filtered.
Leaf fine paste along with buttermilk for obstructive jaundice and bilious headache:
Fine paste of the whole plant or leaves is taken along with buttermilk. This traditional practice is continued even today in South Canara district of Karnataka state. This is effective in bilious headache and obstructive jaundice.
Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus) and Parpataka decoction for pimples, urticarial rashes and boils:
Equal amount of Sariva (Hemidesmus indica) and Parpataka are taken and decoction is made. This is useful in all the age group. It is found to be effective in pimples, allergic hives and boils.
Cold infusion of Parpataka and Usheera in vertigo, syncope and burning sensation of the body:
Parpataka and Usheera (Vetiveria zizanioides) are taken in equal amount and cold infusion is prepared. This is administered in the dose of 40-60 ml twice daily. This is effective to pacify the vertigo, syncope and burning sensation of the body.
Parpataka, Yastimadhu (Glyccirhiza glabra) and Raisins decoction or hot infusion for constipation and haemorroids:
The decoction or hot infusion prepared out of the drugs Parpataka, Yastimadhu (Glyccirhiza glabra) and Raisins (Vitis vinifera Linn) acts effectively on haemorroids, constipation and IBS.
Parpataka in combination with Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Nagara (Zingiber officinale), Saptaparna (Alstonia scolaris) etc shows its highly significant effects while treating fever of unknown origin, antibiotic resistant illnesses and liver disorders.
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