Black Musli: Curculigo orchioides Uses, Research, Side Effects

Black Musli – Curculigo orchioides is an Ayurvedic herb, used for the treatment of sperm deformity, low sperm count, skin and respiratory disorders. It is called Talamuli in Ayurveda and Kali Musli in Hidni.

Latin name- Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.
Family- Amaryllidaceae

Kali Musali – Names in different languages:
Hindi name – Kalimusali, Kali Musli
Arabic name – Muralisyahoa
Afghani name – Sadamurali
Bengali name – Sadamurali, Talamali, Talura
English name – Black musali, Black Musli
Gujarati name – Kalimusali
Kannada name – Neladali, Nelatenga, Nela tatigadde
Malayalam name – Nilappana, Nellapanakilonace
Marathi name – Bhuyimaddi, Kalimurali
Oriya name – Musali, Talamuli, Talamulika
Punjabi name – Syahoomusali
Tamil name – Nilappanaikilangu
Telugu name – Nalla-tudi, Nelatadai
Urdu name – Musali, Kali Musli
Konkani name – Bhuyimaddi
Sanskrit Synonyms of Kali Mushli
Talamuli- It resembles the root of Tala – Tala muulam asyaha ithi (Ni.A)
Deergaskandika – Tuberous root is too long
Hemapushpee – Root stock long, tuberous & flower bright yellow
Hirangpushpee – Flower is bright yellow colored
Krishnamusali – Root is black colored
Kanchanapushpika – Flower having color of gold
Musali- Cut the doshas & cure diseases
Mahavruksha – plant having great properties specially aphrodisiacs.
Sankari – Causes production of sukradhatu
Talapartri – Resembles not like that of Tala
Varahi – Having same properties it plant varahi
Mahavrusha, Vrusha Skandha, Vrusya kandha – Tuberous having aphrodisiac properties
Kharjuri, Khalini, Talamoolika, Talapatri, Gavali,

Morphology of Curculigo orchioides:
It is a small plant with the leaves resembling that of Tala (Palm), 8-18 inch long, 1-2 inch wide with ridges. The stalks of the flowers are 1 inch long emerging from the ground. The flowers are yellow, 0.5-0.75 inch in diameter. The fruits are 0.5 inch long. The seeds inside the fruit are black, shiny and about 30 mm long. The flowers are seen in seen in the month of June- August and the leaves shed in the winter leaving behind the root in the ground. The plant is found all over India.
Medicinal Properties of Black Musali:
Rasa (Taste) – Madhura (Sweet), Tikta (Bitter)
Guna (Qualities) – Guru (Heavy for digestion), Snigdha (Slimy)
Vipaka – Madhura (Undergoes Sweet taste after digestion)
Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
Karma (Actions) – Vatapitta shamaka (reduces vitiated vata and pitta dosha), Kaphavardaka (increases kapha dosha)

Part used- Root
Dosage-
Root powder- 3 to 6 g

Chemical composition of Curculigo orchioides:
The rhizome contains saponins sapogenins; phenolic glycosides, a tri-terpene alcohol; a pentacyclic tri terpene, an aliphatic compound, hentriacontanol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, cycloartenol and sucrose. A pep- tide, Curculin C, containing 114 amino acids, has been isolated from the fruit.

Uses of Black musale –  Talamuli:

  • The powder of root of Talamuli is taken in a dose of 3-5 g and added with milk in conditions of lack of sperm count, lack of libido, general weakness.
  • The powdered root of Curculigo orchioides is burnt and the smoke coming out is inhaled as part of treatment in respiratory diseases like cough, difficulty in respiration due to congestion of phlegm.
  • The fresh root of Talamuli is made into paste and applied over the place affected with skin diseases.
  • The cold infusion of the root of Curculigo orchioides is given in a dose of 30-40 ml to treat burning micturition and difficulty in micturition.
  • To improve the complexion of the skin, the powder of the root of Talamuli is mixed with goat milk and honey and applied over the skin.

Traditional Uses as per Ayurveda:
Madhura – sweet
Guru – heavy to digest
Vrushya – aphrodisiac, improves vigor
Rasayana – anti aging, causes cell and tissue rejuvenation
Brimhana – improves weight
Indicated in –
Daha –  burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes etc
High Pitta disorders such as gastritis, hyperacidity.

Adverse effect: No adverse effect is known or reported after the normal use of Talamuli.
It can increase Kapha. Hence, people with Kapha body type should take this in low doses only.

Ayurvedic medicines containing Talamuli:
Musli kadiradi kashaya: It used to treat wide range of gynaecological conditions like leucorrhoea and menorrhagia.
Rathi capsule: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine which prevents testicular degeneration, enhance spermatogenesis and increases sperm count.

Somna tablet: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine which promotes normal and restful sleep pattern.
Ashwamed capsule: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine which is used to treat male sexual dysfunction, premature ejaculation and erection problems.

Research articles related to Curculigo orchioides:
Prevention of neuro- toxicity: Curculigo orchioides was powdered and subjected to soxhlet extraction using methanol. C. orchioides (400 mg/kg) significantly promoted restoration of catalase (P < 0.005), superoxide dismutase (P < 0.005), and glutathion (P < 0.05) levels. Similarly, a very significant decrease (P < 0.005) in the levels of malondialdehyde was observed. Flavonoids and polyphenols are reputed to demonstrate neuro-protective effect. These phytochemicals in the present study might be responsible to demonstrate neuro-protective effect.

Increase testosterone level: In a preliminary pharmacological study by Chauhan et al. evaluated the effect of ethanolic extract of rhizomes on effect on sexual behavior in rats. Administration of 100 mg/kg of extract caused a significantly improved mating performance, penile erection, and enhanced attractability towards female. Anabolic and spermatogenic effect was evidenced by weight gains of reproductive organs.

Distribution & habitat
Native to subtropical & tropical asia from india to malaysian – malaysia, new guinea, ironic,  philippians & indonesia.
In India it accuse in subtropical himalayas from Kumaion (up) east wards to Assam.

Classical categorization:
Bhavaprakasha- Guduchyadi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu- Oushadhi varga
Raja Nighantu- Moolakadi varga

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Asparagales
Family: Hypoxidaceae
Genus: Curculigo
Species: C. orchioides

Author: Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: drprashanthbk@gmail.com
Click to consult Dr Prashanth BK


Subscribe and get Dr Hebbar's ebook "Blueprint For A Healthy Lifestyle" for free

The product links are affiliate. Do not follow given advice, without consulting your doctor.

Your comment

error: