Kokilaksha Asteracantha longifolia: Uses, Research, Side Effects, Remedies

Kokilaksha – Asteracantha longifolia is a plant mentioned in Ayurveda for the treatment of general debility, jaundice, distention of abdomen, swelling, difficulty in urination and impotency. 

Latin name- Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Hygrophila auriculata, Hygrophila spinosa, Hygrophila auriculata
Family: Acanthaceae

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Kokilaskha, Talimakhana
English name- Hygrophila
Bengali name- Kulimakada, Kaatakalia
Gujarathi name- Ekharo
Marathi name- Talimakhana
Tamil name- Nirmuli
Telugu name- Neerugubbi

Synonyms-
Ikshura, Ikshuraka, Ikshubalika, – The stem resembles sugarcane
Vajrasthi, Vajrakantaka – the plant looks like diamond shaped in cross section
Chulli, Taila ghantika, Kshura, Dhvanga, Ikshugandhika
Kadamba shali, Brihat Kesha, Bhikshu, Pikekshana, Bhuvanasammita, Picchila,
Shrugali, Shrunkhala,

Morphology of Asteracantha longifolia:
Kokilaksha is a small plant growing to a height of 3-5 feet with small thorns or hairy parts all over the plant. The stem resembles to that of sugarcane. The flowers of the plant are of purple color. The seed are black in color and it swell and becomes slimy when it comes in contact with water or saliva. Flowers and the fruits are seen in the month of September to November. The plant is found all over India near water source, fields and marshy land.

Hygrophila auriculata is also used as synonym for Asteracantha longifolia.

Properties:
Rasa (Taste) – Madhura (Sweet)
Guna (Qualities) – Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Slimy)
Veerya (Potency) – Sheeta (Cold)
Vipaka – Madhura (Undergoes Sweet taste after digestion)
Karma (Actions) –Vatapitta shamaka (reduces vitiated vata and pitta dosha)

Part used- Root, Seed
Dosage-
Decoction- 5 to 10 ml
Seed powder- 3 to 5 g

Chemical constituents:
The plant gave lupeol, stigmasterol and hydrocarbons, the seed gave sterols and the flowers have apigenin glucuronide.

Uses of Kokilaksha:

  • The decoction of the root of Asteracantha longifolia is given in a dose of 10 ml to treat jaundice and swelling of the body.
  • The powder of the seed is given in a dose of 2-4 g with milk to treat impotency, less sperm count and general debility.
  • The ash prepared by burning the dried plant (Kshara) is given with decoction of Tribulus terrestris to treat renal calculi.
  • The cold infusion of the seed of Asteracantha longifolia is given in a dose of 25-30 ml to treat hepatomegaly and bloating of the abdomen.
  • The ash of the plant of Kokilaksha is mixed with cow urine and given to treat swelling of the body (Anasarca).
  • The cold infusion of the seed of Kokilaksha is given to improve the passage of urine.

Kokilaksha uses as per Ayurveda:
Vrushya – aphrodisiac, improves vigor
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Ruchya – improves taste, relieves anorexia.
Santarpana – Nourishing

Indications:
Vataroga – Vata Dosha imbalance disorders such as neuralgia, paralysis, constipation, bloating, etc
Amavata – rheumatoid arthritis

Ashmari – Kidney and bladder stones
Trushna – excessive thirst
Drushtiroga – vision related disorders
Asra – blood disorders such as abscess, skin disorders, bleeding disorders such as menorrhagia, nasal bleeding etc.
Shopha  – inflammation
Visha – Toxic conditions, poisoning
Shoola – abdominal colic pain
Pandu – anemia
Udara – ascites, enlargement of the abdomen
Anaha – bloating, fullness
Vatamutra – dysurea
Vibandha – constipation
Vatarakta – Gout

Adverse effects of Kokilaksha: There are no known side effects with this herb.

Formulations containing Kokilaksha:
Kokilaksha kashaya: Kokilaksha Kashayam is an Ayurvedic medicine used in treating jaundice, anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, gout and hepatic conditions.  It is in herbal decoction form.

Chopachinyadi choorna: Chopchinyadi Churna is an Ayurvedic medicine, in herbal powder form.  It is used in treating insect bite, rheumatoid arthritis, gout arthritis.

Biogest capsule: It is a proprietary ayurvedic medicine in capsule form used for improving the defense mechanism of the body.

Ashwamed capsule: Ashwamed Capsule is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine and used to treat male sexual dysfunction, premature ejaculation and erection problems.

Rathi capsule: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine and is useful to tone up male reproductive organ and functions, enhances virile power and reduces sexual weakness. It enables better retention power and ensures longer sexual pleasure.

Cardiraksh capsule: It is a proprietary medicine in capsule form useful to control hypertension, stress and lower down the lipid profile level.

Research articles about Asteracantha longifolia:
On hematological factors: A haematological study was performed using Swiss albino rats (90-110 g) of either sex. Haematological parameters were evaluated in the anaemic animal model. These samples were evaluated for haematological parameters (erythrocyte count, leukocyte count, haemoglobin count and haematocrit value) using haematology cell counter (ERMA, Japan), repeatedly (five times) to check the reproducibility of results. A significant lowering in blood parameters was observed.

Evaluation of anti- cancer activity: The objective of the study is to explore the anticancer activity of the methanolic extract of A. longifolia on 7,12-Dimethylbenz (a) anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats. The anticancer activity of the methanolic whole plant extract of A. longifolia was evaluated in Sprague Dawley rats in the mammary tumor induced by DMBA. The results showed that the methanolic extract of A. longifolia was more effective in inhibiting the tumor growth and safe in DMBA-induced mammary tumor in rats as compared to the standard drug, cyclophosphamide.

Anti- microbial activity: The antibacterial and antifungal activity of methanolic extract of Asteracantha longifolia Nees has been evaluated against 4 Gram positive bacteria, 7 Gram negative bacteria and 7 fungi. The extract showed varying degrees of antimicrobial activity with zone of inhibition ranging from 15.0 to 26.0 mm. A. longifolia demonstrated significant zone of inhibition against all experimental bacteria.

Hepato protective action: This study was aimed to investigate the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant activity and hepatoprotective activity of Asteracantha longifolia leaf extract. Hepatotoxicity was induced in normal albino rats. Phytochemical screening of aqueous extract of A. longifolia leaves indicates the presence of flavonoids, tannins, glycosides, phenol, steroids, alkaloids, quinone, saponin, and coumarin. Supplementation of A.longifolia significantly restored the liver markers, lipid profile, and antioxidant markers on in CCl 4 induced Wistar albino rats.

Classical classification:
Charaka samhita- Shukra shodana
Bhavaprakasha- Guduchyadi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu- Oushadhi varga
Raja Nighantu- Shatahvadi varga

Scientific classification:
Family- Acanteaceae
Kingdom- Plantae
Order- Lamiales
Family- Acanthaceae
Genus- Hygrophila

Author:
Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: drprashanthbk@gmail.com


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Comments

  1. Dr.sreenivas says:

    Good inframation about kokilaksha

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