Trichodesma indicum: Benefits, Remedies, Research, Side Effects

Adhah pushpi- Trichodesma indicum is an Ayurvedic plant used for the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, dysmenorrhea, snake poisoning and localized swelling. 

Latin  name- Trichodesma indicum R.Br.
Family- Boraglnaceae

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Andhahuli, Chotta kulpha , Hetmundiya, Ondhaphuli, Ratmandiya.
English name   -Indian Borage
Gujarati name – Undhaphuli
Kannada name – Athomukhi , Kattetumbesoppu
Kashmiri name- Nilakrai, Ratisurkh
Malayalam name- Kilukkamtumpa
Marathi name  – Chhotaphulya, Lahanakalpa, Pathari, Gaoza.
Punjabi name   -Andusi, Kallributi, Nilakrai, Ratmandi.
Sindhi name- Goazaban
Tamil name- Kiluttaitumpai, Kallutaitumpai.
Telugu name- Guvvagatti.

Sanskrit Synonyms:
Andhaka Because of covering of flowers the flower seems to be absent.
Andha pushpaka Flower is opposed by leaf.
Avak pushpi Flower does not move when wind blows as it is covered by leaves.
Adhah pushpi Flowers which face downwards.
Adhoh mukha –   Which face downwards
Amara pushpika Flowers are beautiful
Gandha pushpika Flowers having fragrance
Dhenu jihva Leaves resemble the tongue of cow
Romalu Leaves are hairy
Vashyanga Flower is under control of leaf
Shayalu-                 That which is always sleeping or not seen
Shata pushpa-        That which has hundred flowers

The plant is seen all over India, having hairy stem and growing to a height of 1-1.5 feet.  It is a plant bearing bluish white colored flowers in the month August and which fruits in October.

Rasa (Taste) – Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Bitter)
Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light for digestion)
Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
Vipaka – – Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion)
Karma (Actions) – Kaphavata shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha)

Part used- Whole plant, Root

Paste of root- 5 to 10 g
Juice of plant- 10 to 20 ml

Chemical constituents:
The seed of the plant contains Linoleic acid, Oleic acid, Palmatic acid and stearic acid. The leaves contains Hexaconase, Ethylhexacosanoate, Ethylester and 21, 24- hexacosadienoic acid.

अधः पुष्पी रसे तिक्ता कट्वी लघ्वी प्रशास्यते।
विर्योष्णा कफवातघ्नी व्रणशोयहरा परम् ॥    ( द्र. गु.वि)

Uses of Adah pushpi:

  • The paste of the whole plant is applied over the joints affected with pain and swelling in rheumatoid arthritis.
  • The juice of Trichodesma indicum is given in a dose of 15-20 ml to treat Irritable Bowel Syndrome and diarrhea.
  • Cold infusion of the leaves of Adah pushpin is given in a dose of 25-30 ml to treat burning sensation and difficulty during micturition.
  • The paste of the root is applied over the area affected with snake bite.
  • The decoction of the plant is given in dose of 30-40 ml to treat dysmenorrhea and in cases of abortion.
  • The paste of the root of Trichodesma indicum is applied over the area affected with skin infection.

Adverse effect: No known adverse effect is reported after the use of Adah pushpi.

Research articles related to Trichodesma indicum:
Anti- daibetic activity: The objective of the study was aimed to investigate the anti-diabetic activity of Trichodesma indicum (L.) in both in vitro amylase assay and in vivo streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type 2 diabetic rats. The results showed that methanolic leaf extract has moderate α –amylase inhibitory activity (IC50 value = 91.3 µg/ml) when compared to acarbose. Glucose uptake assay of four extracts showed significant activity.

Anti- mitotic and anti- proliferative action: The dried aerial parts of T. indicum were successively extracted with petroleum ether, successive chloroform extract (SCH), successive ethanol extract (SEE) and water. Both SCH and SEE extracts showed significant antimitotic and antiproliferative activity when compared to the standard methothreaxate, vincreastine and adriamycin.

Anti- microbial potential: The anti- micobial action has been checked against five gram positive bacteria and three fungi and found effective.

Anti- inflammatory action: The four extracts of the plant showed anti- inflammatory action in in vitro study conducted in rats.

Classical categorization:
Shodala Nighantu- Laxmanadi varga
Nighantu Adarsha- Shleshmatakadi varga

KINGDOM       : Plantae
SUB-KINGDOM : Phanerogamia
DIVISION           : Angiospermia
CLASS                  :Dicotyledons
SUB-CLASS         :Corolliflorae or Gamopetalae
FAMILY               :Boraginaceae
GENUS                 :Trichodesma
SPECIES               :Indicum

Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
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  1. Anti Microbial concept is against the principle of Ayurveda. Even sensible scientists and clinicians question them. Various types of extraction of active ingredients using chemicals and testing them on laboratory animals and then finding their effect and then “OK” it suit the evil interests of pharmaceutical companies. Ayurveda observations of Dravyaguna is time tested and truth based on eternal principles .

    Ayurveda research methodology should not be a copy of flawed modern medicine technology.

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