Chikkika Centipeda minima: Benefits, Remedies, Research, Side Effects

Chikkika- Centipeda minima is a plant mentioned in Ayurveda for the treatment of rhinitis, headache, toothache, skin disease and indigestion.

Latin name- Centipeda minima Linn.
Family- Asteraceae

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Nakachikani
English name- Sneeze wort, Spreading Sneeze weed
Bengali name- Mechetha
Gujarathi name- Nakacheenkani
Marathi name- Nakashinkani

Synonyms-
Kshavaka, Chikkani, Udvegana – It induces sneezing
Kshudhabhijanana, Kshut Vibodhaka – induces hunger
Granadukhada- Cause pain in the nose after sneezing
Chidmapatra, Nasa Sandanaka,

The plant has an alternate Latin name as Centipeda orbicularis Lour.
Chikkika is a small plant growing all over India in the damp areas. The plant is a native of Australia and Newzeland.

Centipeda minima – medicinal properties:
Rasa (Taste) – Katu (Pungent)
Guna (Qualities) – Teekshna (Hot)
Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
Vipaka – – Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion)
Karma (Actions) – Kaphavata shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha). Increases Pitta Dosha.

Part used- Seed
Dosage- Powder of seed 1-3 g

Chemical constituents of Spreading Sneeze weed
The plant contains flavonoids, sesquitepenes and amide.
Centipeda minima uses

Ayurvedic uses of Chikkika:
Ruchikrut – improves taste, relieves anorexia
Agnikrut – Improves digestion strength
Pittakrut – Increases Pitta Dosha
Indicated in
Eye disorders
Kapha and Vata Disorders
Kushta – skin diseases
Krimi – worm infestation
Vatarakta – Gout

Uses of Chikkika – Centipeda minima: 

  • Nasya (Installation of nasal drops) from the leaves of the plant is done to relive the condition of sinusitis and headache.
  • The paste prepared from the seeds of the plant Centida minima is applied externally to treat skin diseases like ringworm, scabies etc.
  • The powder of the seed is given in a dose of 2-3 g with milk to improve the strength of the nerves and treat general debility.
  • The decoction of the plant is given in a dose of 30-40 ml to expel the phlegm and control cough.
  • The powder of the seeds of Centida minima is given in a dose of 2-4 g to treat erectile dysfunction.
  • The cold infusion prepared from the seeds of Chikkika is given in a dose of 20-30 ml to treat indigestion and lack of appetite.
  • The decoction of the seed is given in a dose of 25-30 ml to treat intestinal worms.
  • In cases of hardness of the liver and spleen, the decoction of the plant is given regularly.
  • The paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied over the area affected with pain.

Adverse effect of Chikkia- Excessive use of Chikkika can cause inflammation of the nasal mucosa and pain in the nose.

Research articles about Centipeda minima:
Anti- microbial action: The present study is designed for phytochemical analysis of Centida minima and extraction of bioactive compound by HPLC, further antimicrobial activity of the bio active compounds has been investigated by crude and the column extract and anti- proliferative activity on prostate epithelial cancer cell (PC3). Our study revealed the presence of the bio active component plenolin of this plant has good antimicrobial activity and also exhibiting anti- cancer properties.

Anti- protozoal action: In vitro activity against Giardia intestinalis was used for bioassay-guided fractionation of crude extracts from C. minima. The sesquiterpene lactone, brevilin A was isolated and found to have antigiardial activity (IC50 = 16.1 μM) and was similarly active in vitro against Entamoeba histolytica (IC50 between 4.5 and 9 μM) and against Plasmodium falciparum (IC50 = 9.42 μM).

Anti- bacterial thymol: Two new monoterpenoids, 8,10-dihydroxy-9(2)-methylbutyryloxythymol (1) and 10-hydroxy-8,9-dioxyisopropylidene-thymol (2), together with five known thymol derivatives: 8,9,10-trihydroxythymol (3), thymol-β-glucopyranoside (4), 9-hydroxythymol (5), 8,10-dihydroxy-9-isobutyryloxythymol (6), and 8-hydroxy-9,10-diisobutyryloxythymol (7), were isolated from Centipeda minima. The antibacterial activities of compounds 1-7 were evaluated against eight microbial strains by the agar dilution method.

Classical categorization:
Bhavaprakasha- Guduchyadi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu- Oushadhi varga

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Astereae
Genus: Centipeda

Author:Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: drprashanthbk@gmail.com


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