Garden Cress: Lepidium sativum Uses, Side Effects, Research

Garden cress – Chandrashura is a very famous Ayurvedic herb.  Its seeds are useful in are used in bloating, irregular periods, estrogen deficiency etc. It is  for cooking as well.  It is also called Aliv Seed. 
Botanical name- Lepidium Sativum Linn
Family- CRUCIFERAE

Names in different languages:
English name- Garden Cress, Garden pepper cress, Aliv Seeds.
Hindi name- Chandrashoor, Chandrasur, Chansur, Halim, Asalia, Halam
Kannada name – Alavi beeja,
Bengali name- Halim Shak
Gujarati name – Asheliyo
Telugu name- Adityalu, Adeli
Tamil name- Alivirai
Punjabi name – Halium
Farsi name – Sipandan
Arabian name – Habburshad
Oriya name – Hidamba Saga
Spanish name – lepido, Mastuerzo
French name – Cresson de fontaine

Lepidium sativum

Lepidium sativum

Aliv seeds – Sanskrit Synonyms-
Chandrika, Charmahantri, Pashu Mehana Karika, Nandini, Karavi, Bhadra,
Suvasara, Vasapushpa – flowers resemble to Vasa – Adhatoda vasica

Garden cress Lepidium sativum L seeds sprouting

Garden cress Lepidium sativum L seeds sprouting

Classical categorization:
Bhavaprakasha – Hareetakyadi Varga, Chaturbeeja

Lepidium sativum chemical constituents
Calcium, Iron, Folic acid, Vitamin A, Vitamin C.
Fibre
Proteins – Amino acids – Glutamic acid, leucine, methionine.
Fatty acid – linolinic acid, erucic aci (Reference)
7 imidazole alkaloids – Lecidine B,C, D,E,F and 2 monomeric alkaloids Semilipedene Side A and Side B were found in Garden cress seeds.
(Reference: Nayak PS, Upadhyaya SD and Upadhyaya A, A HPTLC densitometer determination of sinapic acid in Chandrashur (Lepidium sativum), J Sci Res, 2009, 1(1) 121-127)

Garden cressGarden cress medicinal qualities:
Guna (qualities) –

whole plant – Laghu (lightness), Rooksha (dryness) Teekshna (strong, piercing)
Seed – Snigdha – unctuous, oily, Picchila – Sticky
Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent)
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya- Ushna – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Vata
Part used- Seeds
Dosage- Powder 1-3 g

Garden cress seed benefits

Garden cress is
Balavardhana – improves strength and immunity
Pushtivardhana – nourishing, rich in nutrition
It is indicated in –
Hikka – hiccups
Vataroga – Vata Dosha imbalance disorders such as neuralgia, paralysis, constipation, bloating, etc
Kaphaja Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery due to Kapha increase
Asruk Vata – Vatarakta – Gout
Seeds contain phytochemicals that resemble estrogen action.
Hence it is used in treating amenorrhoea and irregular menstrual cycles.
It is used in lactating mothers to improve breast milk production.
It improves semen and sperm quality and quantity

External application of seed paste relieves pain, worm infestation in wounds and useful in skin disorders associated with itching.

How to use?
Garden cress seed powder along with Oma, fenugreek and kaloni – together is called as Chaturbeeja churna – used in gastritis, bloating and gas trouble.
3 grams of seed is boiled in half a cup of milk and administered to relieve bloating and Vata imbalance disorders.
For diarrhea and dysentery, 2 grams is administered along with buttermilk, twice a day, before food.

Research:
Chemical characterization – http://www.bashanfoundation.org/ocampo/ocampoolivemill.pdf
Pharmacognosy study –

Lepidium sativum Side effects:
Because of its hot potency, people with Pitta body type should use it with care. They can tolerate it, when used after boiling in milk.
It is best to avoid it during pregnancy. Can be administered in children and lactating mothers, in low doses. 

Ayurvedic medicines with Lepidium sativum ingredient:
Dhanwanthararishtam – 
used in Ayurvedic post natal care of the mother
Vat Vidhwans Ras – used in the treatment of neuritis, colic pain and such other Vata imbalance conditions.
Chaturbeeja Churna – used in bloating, gaseous distention of abdomen

 


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Comments

  1. Dear Sir

    Thanks for this info… I was searching for this Garden Cress seed

    I use small spoon Garden Cress by soaking in water at morning and eat at evening before or after dinner with lime drops…. (no any reverse effects)

    is it Ok…

    Regds

  2. Hina shaikh says:

    Is it good in hypothyroidism

  3. patient with CABG And Redo AVR low HB can have this??

  4. Is it good for Crohn’s disease?

  5. Geeta Parihar says:

    My daughter has irregular periods. How will this help here and and how to use it

  6. Jignesh patel says:

    Is gardencress seed 4 spoon daily in boiled milk good for spream count or it has side effect

  7. Hi

    I have hypothyroidism and transferrin saturation is 10%. How should I consume garden cress seeds or whether I should if at all? TIA

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Its seed powder – 1 gram at night, after food can be consumed for a month time.
      For further personal health advice, please consult an Ayurveda doctor directly.
      If you want my help in finding a good Ayurveda doctor for you, then let me know your place.

      For email advice (not a reliable option, we do not promise any cure), please write to our health experts here (paid service) – https://easyayurveda.com/consult/

  8. Hi

    I have sub clinical hypothyroidism and transferrin saturation is 10%.

    How should I consume garden cress seeds and if I should at all? TIA

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Seed powder – 1 gram 2 times a day, with a cup of water can be taken for 2 months time.
      For further advice, please consult an Ayurveda doctor directly.
      For email advice, please write to our health experts here (paid service) – https://easyayurveda.com/consult/

  9. Is this usefull for PCOS in lady please advise.

  10. Is this seed good for herniated disk ?

  11. How can we use it for Low HB and Asthama

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Its seed powder is mixed in equal quantities with ginger and consumed along with a teaspoon of honey, twice a day after food for 2 – 3 weeks time.

  12. Does it cures Uterine Fibroid

  13. Please let me know the dosage per day for a lactating mother. I have pitta body type.

  14. Sir i have severe acidity problem, i even have Hiatus hernia. is chia seeds will be useful for this

  15. Jagruti Parikh says:

    Can I help in hair fall and hair growth

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Yes.

      • Jagruti Parikh says:

        How do I consume it

        • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

          Garden cress powder 2 grams (quarter a teaspoon) can be consumed along with water, after food for 1 month time.
          Available in amazon website here
          http://amzn.to/2viJinI

          For personal health advice, please consult an Ayurveda doctor directly.
          If you want my help in finding a good Ayurveda doctor for you, then let me know your place.

          For email advice (not a reliable option, we do not promise any cure), please write to our health experts here (paid service) – https://easyayurveda.com/consult/

  16. garden cress seeds can help in weight loss?
    If it is not taken regularly, there are side effectcts

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      It is not directly indicated in weight loss treatment. There are no side effects if it is not taken regularly.

  17. Himalay Patel says:

    Does men can consume it nd if yes then is it helpfull to gain weight?

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