Garden cress – Chandrashura is a very famous Ayurvedic herb. Its seeds are useful in are used in bloating, irregular periods, estrogen deficiency etc. It is for cooking as well. It is also called Aliv Seed.
Botanical name- Lepidium Sativum Linn
Names in different languages:
English name- Garden Cress, Garden pepper cress, Aliv Seeds.
Hindi name- Chandrashoor, Chandrasur, Chansur, Halim, Asalia, Halam
Kannada name – Alavi beeja,
Bengali name- Halim Shak
Gujarati name – Asheliyo
Telugu name- Adityalu, Adeli
Tamil name- Alivirai
Punjabi name – Halium
Farsi name – Sipandan
Arabian name – Habburshad
Oriya name – Hidamba Saga
Spanish name – lepido, Mastuerzo
French name – Cresson de fontaine
Aliv seeds – Sanskrit Synonyms-
Chandrika, Charmahantri, Pashu Mehana Karika, Nandini, Karavi, Bhadra,
Suvasara, Vasapushpa – flowers resemble to Vasa – Adhatoda vasica
Bhavaprakasha – Hareetakyadi Varga, Chaturbeeja
Lepidium sativum chemical constituents
Calcium, Iron, Folic acid, Vitamin A, Vitamin C.
Proteins – Amino acids – Glutamic acid, leucine, methionine.
Fatty acid – linolinic acid, erucic aci (Reference)
7 imidazole alkaloids – Lecidine B,C, D,E,F and 2 monomeric alkaloids Semilipedene Side A and Side B were found in Garden cress seeds.
(Reference: Nayak PS, Upadhyaya SD and Upadhyaya A, A HPTLC densitometer determination of sinapic acid in Chandrashur (Lepidium sativum), J Sci Res, 2009, 1(1) 121-127)
Garden cress medicinal qualities:
Guna (qualities) –
whole plant – Laghu (lightness), Rooksha (dryness) Teekshna (strong, piercing)
Seed – Snigdha – unctuous, oily, Picchila – Sticky
Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent)
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya- Ushna – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Vata
Part used- Seeds
Dosage- Powder 1-3 g
Garden cress is
Balavardhana improves strength and immunity
Pushtivardhana nourishing, rich in nutrition
It is indicated in –
Hikka – hiccups
Vataroga – Vata Dosha imbalance disorders such as neuralgia, paralysis, constipation, bloating, etc
Kaphaja Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery due to Kapha increase
Asruk Vata Vatarakta Gout
Seeds contain phytochemicals that resemble estrogen action.
Hence it is used in treating amenorrhoea and irregular menstrual cycles.
It is used in lactating mothers to improve breast milk production.
It improves semen and sperm quality and quantity
External application of seed paste relieves pain, worm infestation in wounds and useful in skin disorders associated with itching.
How to use?
Garden cress seed powder along with Oma, fenugreek and kaloni – together is called as Chaturbeeja churna – used in gastritis, bloating and gas trouble.
3 grams of seed is boiled in half a cup of milk and administered to relieve bloating and Vata imbalance disorders.
For diarrhea and dysentery, 2 grams is administered along with buttermilk, twice a day, before food.
Chemical characterization – http://www.bashanfoundation.org/ocampo/ocampoolivemill.pdf
Pharmacognosy study –
Lepidium sativum Side effects:
Because of its hot potency, people with Pitta body type should use it with care. They can tolerate it, when used after boiling in milk.
It is best to avoid it during pregnancy. Can be administered in children and lactating mothers, in low doses.
Ayurvedic medicines with Lepidium sativum ingredient:
Dhanwanthararishtam – used in Ayurvedic post natal care of the mother
Vat Vidhwans Ras – used in the treatment of neuritis, colic pain and such other Vata imbalance conditions.
Chaturbeeja Churna – used in bloating, gaseous distention of abdomen