Vetiver is a coolant, but yet aids in digestion. It is widely used in treating fever, dysuria, burning sensation, fatigue syndrome, skin disorders etc. Potable water prepared with this also has many health benefits.
Botanical Name – Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn) Nash.
Synonyms: Andropogon muricatus Retz. Andropogon squarrrosus Hook. F. Non Linn. F, Chrysopogon zizanioides
Names in different languages:
Hindi Name- Khas
English name – khas khas grass, Kus Kus grass, Vetiver
Kannada name – Lavancha
Telugu name – Vattivellu
Bangali name – Khaskhas, Venaghas
Marathi name – Vala
Gujarati name – Valo
Tamil name – Vettiver, Vetivera
Malayalam name – ramacham
Nalada, Amrnala, Veerana, Virani, Veeratara, Valaka, Balaka, Truna Valukam, Veniga Mulakam
Abhaya, Ranapriya, Virataru, Haripriya,
Jalavasa, Jalaamoda – Grows in moist places
Amrunala, Mrunalaka – Appears similar to lotus stalk
Sugandhika, Samagandhika, Sugandhamula – Has a pleasant odor
Bahumoola – bushy root
Shishiram, Sheetamoola – root is a coolant
Sevya – Suitable for consumption
Varnya – Group of herbs useful in improving complexion
Stanyajanana – Group of herbs promoting lactation
Chardinigrahana – Anti emetic group of herbs
Daha Prasamana – Burning sensation relieving group of herbs
Angamardaprasamana – Bodyache relieving group of herbs
Shukrasodhana – Semen, sperm cleansing and quality improving group of herbs
Tikta Skandha – Bitter tasting group of herbs
Sarivadi, Eladi Gana
Pittasamsamana – Pitta pacifying group of herbs
Found in aquatic and sub-aquatic places across India.
Vetiveria zizanioides chemical constituents
Allokhusiol, Benzoic acid, Cyclocapacamphene, Epikhusinol, epizizanal, 2- epizizanone, B- eduesmol, Eugenol, Iskhusimol, Isokhusinoloxide, Isovalencenol, Isovalencic, Khusimyl acetate, Khusinodiol, Khusinol, Khusitoneol, Laevojujenol, Levojunenol, Vanillin, Vertiselinenol, B-& J vetivene, Vetivenic acid, vetiverol, Zizaene, Zizanol etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Vetiver roots treat the mother earth too. Maybe it is mentioned in Krishi Shastra. Vetiver roots increase the ground water recharge capability of soils. Itv increases the biomass content in the soil upto 3 meters depth. It will be very difficult to add leaves and manure at that depth. Vetiver roots add the biomass as roots, and they decay after 18 months . Vetiver root oil is termite-repelling. The vetiver rootsystem increases the aeration in the soil, and prevents nematode (small worms that attack the roots od other plants) infection. Because of these effects, vetiver grown as rows along vegetable farms, and around trees in orchard have improved the health and yield of the cultivated crops. Thus growing neem, tulasi and vetiver in farms and around houses is good for the health of the plants and animals in the earth. (Contributed by Mr Vinod Kumar).
Vetiver medicinal properties
Rasa (taste) – Tikta (bitter), Madhura (sweet)
Guna (qualities) – Rooksha (dryness), Laghu (lightness)
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Sheeta – Cold potency
Effect on Tridosha – Pacifies Vata and Pitta
Part Used- Root, Vetiver Oil
Dosage- Powder 3-6g; decoction 50-100ml; infusion (Hima / Phanta) – 25-50ml
Pachana – Digestive, relieves Ama Dosha
Stambhana – blocks, dries up channels
Dahahara – Relieves burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes etc
Madahara – relieves intoxication
Jwarahara – useful in fever
Trushnahara – Relieves thirst
Asrajit – useful in blood disorders such as abscess
Vishahara – Anti toxic
Daurgandhyahara – relieves bad odor
Mutrakrichrahara – Relieves dysuria, urinary retention, acts as diuretic
Kushtanut – useful in skin diseases
Vaminut – relieves vomiting
Vranahara – heals wounds quickly
Klantihara – relieves tiredness, fatigue
Vataghna – useful in treating disorders of Vata Dosha imbalance such as neuralgia, paralysis, constipation, bloating, etc
Mehanut – useful in urinary tract disorders and diabetes
Vetiver water – Vetiver is used to make potable water. A few grams of Vetiver root powder is added to water and this water is filtered and used after 2 – 3 hours. Once the vetiver is put into water, the water should be used within 10 – 12 hours of time. Each day, water and vetiver should be replaced with fresh ones.
Such prepared water will have almost all the qualities of Usheer, as explained above, but in slightly lesser intensities.
To apply externally as paste, to relieve burning sensation, skin disorders and to relieve excessive sweating, there is nothing better than Useera. Reference: Charaka Sutrasthana 25
Its root powder is made into paste and applied to relieve burning sensation, burn wounds, to relieve excessive sweating, in skin disorders and to improve skin complexion.
Vetiver oil uses:
Vetiver oil is used for external application in rheumatism, sprains and arthritis.
Ayurvedic medicines with Usheera as ingredient:
Usheerasava – a fermented medicine used in skin diseases, intestinal worms, bleeding disorders etc
Shadanga Paniya – An herbal drink used to treat fever
Gopanganadi Kashayam – used in the treatment of Pitta type of fever.
Nisosiradi Oil – an effective Ayurvedic herbal oil used to treat diabetes carbuncles and abscesses.
How to take Usheera?
Its water, as explained above can be used as potable water.
Its powder or water decoction is also used in medicine. It is administered along with cow ghee, honey etc based on disease.
Its powder paste is applied externally.
Vetiver Home remedy for gastritis and heartburn
Vetiver essential oil: Is used as ingredient in many Ayurvedic medicines such as Borototal cream