Bharangi – Clerodendrum serratum is a powerful Ayurvedic herb used in treating allergic rhinitis, asthma, fever and other inflammatory conditions.
Botanical Name- Clerodendrum indicum(Linn) Kutz. (C siphonanthus R. Br. Siphonanthus indica Linn.)
English name – Turk’s turban moon, Blue glory, Beetle killer
Hindi Name- Babhanaiti
Telugu Name- Guntubharangi
Bengali Name- Bamunhati
Tamil Name- Kavali, Parangi pattai, Parangi, Parangi pattai churnam
Marathi& Gujarati Name- Bharangi
Kannada Name- Gontu barangi
Malayalam Name- Kankabharani
Brahmanayastika – the stem is very thin
Padma – flower resembles that of lotus
Kharashaka – leaves are dry
Charaka Samhita – Pureesha sangrahaniya – group of herbs that increase bulk of feces.
Ashtanga Sangraha – Pippaylady gana
Ashtanga Hrudaya – Arkadi Gana and Surasadi Gana (Reference: Astanga Hrudayam 15th chapter)
Clerodendrum indicum is considered as Bharngi by Prof P.V Sharma.
Most scholars indentify Clerodendrum serratum as Bharangi. It is also called Clerodendron serratum.
Distribution- Found all over the India
Major chemical constituents
Hispidulin, 7-0 glucuronides, Scutellarein, uncinatone, pectolinaigenin etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna Vijnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Bharangi – Medicinal Properties
Rasa (taste) – Tikta (bitter), Katu (pungent)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (lightness) , Rooksha (Dryness)
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Veerya- Ushna – hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Vata Dosha.
Part used- Root, leaves
Dosage- Powder 3-6 grams in divided dose per day.
Side effects: There are no known side effects with this herb
Clerodendrum serratum – benefits and usage:
Shwasahara – useful in treatment of asthma and chronic respiratory disorders.
kaphapaha acts as mucolytic, breaks down mucus and eases it out of lungs
Gulmahara useful in abdominal tumors
Jvarahara – useful in fever
Vatarakta useful in gout
Yakshmahara useful in chronic respiratory conditions, tuberculosis
Peenasa hara useful in rhinitis
Deepani improves digestion strength
Shophahara useful in inflammatory conditions
Vranashophahara useful in abscess, infected wounds, induces quick wound healing
Krimighna antimicrobial, useful in worm infestation
Dahahara useful in burning sensation
Its leaves are applied as paste on wounds to extract out pus.
Ayurvedic medicines with Bharangi –
Because of its immense benefit in respiratory tract disorders, it is used in many anti asthma, anti-cough medicines like –
Bharngi Guda, Pushkaramoolasav, Vasavaleha etc.
It is also used in
Ayaskriti – an Alcohol based liquid medicine used in vitiligo, obesity etc
Amritaprasha Ghrita – useful in bleeding disorders, cough, gynaecological disorders
Khadiradi Gutika useful in throat infection, cough – This medicine is used to chew slowly, so that the medicine effect is seen in throat.