Kantakari is a very useful Ayurvedic herb, used widely in the treatment of cough, cold, asthma and such other respiratory tract conditions. It is one among Dashamoola – group of ten roots.
Botanical Name : Solanum surattense Burm. F. (Solanum Xanthocarpum Schard. Wendl; S. mccanni Sant.)
Family – SOLANACEAE – Kantakari Kula
Vernacular Names –
Hindi name –Choti kateri/Bhatakataiyya, Rengani;
Telugu name – Nelamulaka;
English name -Yellow-berried Nightshade, Febrifuge plant
Bengali name -Kantikari;
Tamil name -Kandan kattiri;
Marathi name – Bhui ringani;
Punjabi name -Kandiyari
Gujarathi Name – Bhiya Ringani
Farsi name – Badagan Barri
Arabian name – Badajan Barri
Sanskrit Synonyms –
Kantakari – full of thorns, Good for throat related disorders
Duhsparsha – due to thorns, difficult to tough the plant
Kshudra – a small plant
Vyaghri – it enables the user to have voice like a lion. It is good for throat. This synonym is used in a famous asthma medicine called Vyaghri Haritaki Avaleha. Vyaghri refers to Kantakari.
Nidigdhika – grows up fast.
Kasahara – group of herbs that are used in treating cough, cold.
Shothathara – group of herbs possessing anti inflammatory property,
Hikkanigrahana – group of herbs that are used in relieving hiccups
Kanthya – group of herbs that are good for throat
Angamardaprashamana – group of herbs useful in treating aches and pains
Sushruta – Brihatyadi, Varunadi, Laghupanchamula group of herbs
Vagbhata – Brihatyadi, Varunadi
Distribution – Common in waste lands and road-sides throughout India.
Major chemical constitutes of Solanum xanthocarpum:
B-Carotene, Disgenin, Carpesterol, Solasodine, Solamargine, B- Solamargine, Solanine, Solasodino-L-Rhamnosy-B-D-Glucoside (Solasurine), Solanocarpine(Solanine-S), Tomatidienol etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Part Used: whole plant, root, fruit
Dosage– powder 1-3 g, decoction – 40 – 80 ml, in divided dose, per day, based on condition of the patient and disease.
Medicinal properties of Solanum surattense –
Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent), Tikta (Bitter)
Guna – Laghu (light), Rooksha (dry), Teekshna (piercing)
Vipaka – Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Ushna – hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Vata Doshas. It increases Pitta Dosha.
Solanum surattense – Benefits and usage
The juice extract of Kantakari along with honey is used in treating dysuria (difficulty in urination)
Of all the herbs useful in treatment of cough, Kantakari is the best one.
Because of its hot potency, pungent taste and Kapha-Vatahara property, it naturally improves digestion strength and is widely used in respiratory disorders.
Shwasajit – useful in treatment of asthma and chronic respiratory disorders.
Aruchihara – useful in relieving anorexia
Jvarahara – useful in fever
Vatahara – useful in treating disorders of Vata Dosha imbalance
Amadoshahara – relieves Ama – a state of disturbed digestion and metabolism
Kantakari fruit is especially useful in treating fever
Kanduhara – it is useful in treating pruritis (excessive itching)
Kushtahara – useful in skin diseases
Krumighna – useful in worm infestation
Hrudamaya – useful in cardiac disorders
Shukra Rechana – it helps in ejaculation
Agnikrut – improves digestion strength
Medahara – useful in obesity and reducing fat and cholesterol deposition
Bala Pushtikara – improves strength, immunity and nourishment.
Its seeds are used in treating amenorrhea, and painful delivery
Kantakari for hair:
Fresh plant – 200 grams is collected. Cleaned, It is crushed to extract 30 – 50 ml of juice. It is applied over the scalp, 1 hour before hair wash, to relieve dandruff and to promote hair growth.
Its usage in Pitta disorders should be made with caution, due to its hot potency (Ushna Veerya).
It is safe to use in children and during lactation period.
It is generally considered as safe during pregnancy but consult your doctor for an opinion.
Ayurvedic medicines with Kantakari as ingredient –
Kantakari Avaleha – used in treating asthma
Vyaghri Haritaki Avaleha – used in treating asthma, bronchitis etc
Ajamamsa Rasayana – useful in improving strength and stamina
Khadiradi Gutika -used in treating cough
Kantakari for hemorrhoids – By Mr Kanaiyalal:
Kantkari (bethi bhoy ringni in Gujarati) is very useful in all kinds of piles but in bloody piles it is very useful
How to use : Take ripe dry fruit and crush it then take wooden live koyla in a small earthen pot ( matka) and throw some churna on live koyla, much smoke will produce now the patient seat on it and take the smoke on the piles for some time
Advantage : This is experienced experiment myself and it cures in three to five days and I told many more they are cured with this simple ayurvedic herb.