Trivrit – Operculina turpethum – Usage, Dose, Side Effects

Trivrit is an important Ayurvedic herb, used in treatment of Kapha and Pitta dominant disorders. Apart from being useful as a medicinal herb, it is also a very important herb used in Panchakarma treatment called as Virechana – Purgation treatment.

Botanical Name: Operculina turpethum(L.) silva Manse( Convolus turpethum L Ipomeoea turpethum (L) R.  Br)
Family– CONVOLVULACEAE – Trivrit Kula

English  Name- India Jalap, Saint Thomas Lidpod, Trasparent wood rose, Turpeth root
Hindi Name- Nisoth – निशोथ, Panila – पनिला, Pithori – पिठोरी
Telug  Name- Tegade – తెగడ
Bengali Name- Tevudi – त॓वूडी
Marathi Name- Nisottar, Nishottar,
Gujarathi Name- Nasttara
Tamil Name- Sivadai, Adimbu – சரளம், kumpncan, paganrai
Malayalam Name- Chivaka
Kannada Name- Vilitigada, aluthi gida, bangada balli, bilitigade, devadanti, nagadanti

Sanskrit Synonyms
Tribhandi, Triputa, Trivrit- Stem is triangular in shape
Sarala, Suvaha, Rechani – causes purgation
Ardhachandra, Kumuda Gandhini.
Operculina turpethum
photo credit – Dr.S.N.Murthy. Asst.Director ,I/C, NRIBAS,Kothrud, Pune

Classical  Categorization
Charaka – Bhedaniya – herbs that have piercing and purgation action
Sushruta- Shyamadi,
Adhobhagahara – group of herbs useful in Virechana.
Vagbhata- Syamadi

Different varieties
Trivrit (Nisoth) is of two kinds viz; Shyama (black) and Shukla or Aruna( white / red)
The white variety is identified as Murva – Marsdenia tenacissima

It is commonly found on the roadsides across India, upto 1000 square feet.

Major Chemical Constituents– a and B- Turpethins, Scopoletin, Turpethinic acids A, Turpethin, Scopoletin, coumarin. etc (Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

Operculina turpethum – medicinal properties
Rasa (Taste) – Bitter – Titka, Pungent – Katu
Guna (qualities)- lightness – Laghu, Dryness – Rooksha, Strong, piercing – Teekshna
Vipaka- Katu – undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Veerya- Ushna – hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Pitta and Kapha. It increases Vata Dosha.
Prabhava – Special effect – Rechana – causes purgation.

Part Used- root bark, Leaves
Trivrit Dosage- Powder 1-3 grams in divided dose per day.

Trivrit medicinal uses

Trivrit - Operculina turpethum

Trivrit therapeutic uses –
Of all the herbs useful in easy purgation, Operculina turpethum is the best.
Because of its strong, pungent and piercing nature, it helps in losing weight.
It is useful to relieve constipation
Krumihara – useful in worm infestation, infected wounds
Shleshmodara – useful in ascites
Jvaraghna – fever. It is administere
Shophahara – useful in inflammation
Panduhara – useful in anemia, early stage of liver disorders
Pleeha – Disease of the spleen, Splenomegaly
Hrudroga – useful in heart disorders,
Vatasruk – useful in gout,
Udavartahara – relieves bloating, gas distension in abdomen
In hemorrhoid treatment, it is administered along with Triphala Churna

Anti-ulcer activity
Morphology, standardization
Efficacy against paracetamol induced liver toxicity
Analgesic activity

Trivrit side effects –
Operculina turpethum root, if used excessively, or if used in people with low strength, it causes burning sensation, dizziness, twitching pain of abdomen and sever purgation.
Hence, in most of Ayurvedic formulations, its root bark only is used in place of root.
To avoid its side effect, it is usually used in combination with ginger, dill seeds, rock salt or sugar candy.
It is best avoided during pregnancy and lactation.
It should be used in minimal dosage of 125 – 250 mg in children.

Ayurvedic medicines with Trivrit ingredient –
Krimighatini Bati – useful in intestinal worm infestation
Abhayarishta – useful in hemorrhoids, constipation
Chandraprabha Vati – useful in skin and liver disorders
Kankayana Vati – useful in piles, fistula, sinuses.

Miscellaneous uses of Trivrut:
In case of skin diseases where the skin lesions are numb and absolutely anesthetic, if there is absence of sweating and itching, then they are rubbed with the brush made of stem of Trivrut so as to initiate bleeding. This is described as a method of blood letting therapy to treat skin diseases. Reference: Charaka Chikitsasthana 7/56

Trivrit for Virechana:
Milk boiled with Trivrit and castor seeds is used in the treatment of ascites due to Pitta imbalance (Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana, 13th chapter).

Trivrit for hemorrhoids:
Truvrit (Operculina turpethum) along with Triphala churna for oral intake, is told as a remedy for hemorrhoids. (Charaka Chikitsa Sthana 14th chapter)

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  1. jahnavi.r says:

    sir, can you please give a detailed description of the procedure of virechara using trivrit.

  2. So does Trivrit help a person to lose weight ONLY by causing purgation (i.e. loose motions), or is there some other mechanism?
    Dr Sadik (Allopathic physician)

  3. sujaya says:

    Is trivrit powder available in ayurvedic shops..??

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      It is not quite commonly available in Ayurvedic shops. If you have an Ayurveda pharmacy nearby, then they will surely be having it.

  4. Navneet Bagga says:

    Trivit also known as Nisoth operculine terpethum root is an ingredient of many Ayurvedic Medicines CONSTIEASE by DrG Wellness contains 7.08%.

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