Sariva: Hemidesmus indicus Benefits, Usage, Dose, Side Effects

Sariva is known as Indian Sarsaparilla. It is different from Sarsaparilla. Its botanical name is Hemidesmus indicus. In Ayurveda system of medicine, it is widely used in the treatment of oligospermia, gastritis, anorexia, menorrhagia etc.

Botanical Name– Hemedismus Indicus R.Br
Family – ASCLEPIDACEAE( PERIPIOCACEAE)- Arka Kula
Hemidesmus indicusVernacular Names
Hindi and Bengali- Anantamul, Kapuri (because root smell resembles Kapoor – camphor)
English Name-Indian Sarsaparilla
Telugu name- Sungandhipala, Muttavapylagamu
Marathi name- Upalsari, Uparsal
Gujarati Name- Kapuri, Madhuri, Upalasri
Tamil Name- Nannari
Kannada Name- Sogade Beru
Malayalam Name- Naruninti

Sanskrit Synonyms- Ananta, Anantamula, Asphota, Utpala Sariva, Shyama, Krsodari, Canadana, Gopi, Gopavalli.

Classical Categorization-
Charaka Sahmita –
Jvarahara – group of herbs used in treating fever
Daha Prashamana – group of herbs that relieve burning sensation,
Pureesha Sangahaniya – group of herbs that improve bulk of feces,
Stanya shodhana – group of herbs that cleanse and detoxify breast milk,
Madhura skandha – sweet tasting group of herbs.

Sushruta- Sarivadi, Vidarigandhadi, Valli pancamula Gana
Vagbhata – Sarivadi Gana.

Types – There are two types of Sariva explained in Ayurvedic books –
Shveta Sariva – white variety –  Hemidesmus indicusand
Krishna Sariva – Cryptolepis buchanana / Ichnocarpus frutescens
Therapeutically both are considered to be similar in action.

Major chemical contained– H. Indicus- Hyperoside, Rutin, desinine, Hexatriacontance, B- Sitosterol; hemidesminine, Hemidesmin-1 and hemidesmin-2.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

Medicinal qualities 
Rasa (taste) – Madhura (sweet), Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities) – Guru (heavy), Snigdha (oily, unctuous)
Vipaka- Madhura – undergoes sweet taste conversion after digestion.
Veerya – Sheeta – coolant.
Effect on Tridosha – Tridosahara. It balances all the three Doshas.

Hemidesmus indicus - usesMedicinal uses of Hemidesmus indicus – 
Kushtahara – useful in skin diseases
Kanduhara – useful in itching, pruritis
Jvarahara – useful in fever
Mehanashana – Useful in diabetes, urinary tract disorders
Durgandha nashana – relieves bad odor
Shukrala – improves sperm quality and quantity
Atisarahara – useful in diarrhoea, dysentery
Amahara – relieves Ama
Vishapaha – anti toxic
Agnisada – useful in low digestion strength
Shvasa, Kasahara – useful in respiratory conditions, cough, cold, asthma
Pradaranut – useful in menorrhagia.
The black variety of Sariva is similar in action. Its uses are –
Sangrahi – absorbing, useful in diarrhoea
Shishira – coolant
Kaphavatajit – balances Kapha and Vata
Trushna – useful in excessive thirst
Aruchi – useful in anorexia
Raktapittahara – useful in bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, menorrhagia etc.

Part used– root
Dosage– – Indian sarsaparilla – water decoction – 50-100 ml, root Paste 5 g, root powder 1 – 3 g
Side effects –
There are no known side effects with Sariva.
During pregnancy, consult your doctor before using this herb.
It is safe to use during lactation and in children.

Research works on Hemidesmus indicus :
Antimicrobial activity

Anti carcinogenic and cytotoxic potential

Ayurvedic medicines with Hemidesmus indicus as ingredient –
Sarivadyasavam – useful in gout, skin diseases
Mathala Rasayanam – useful in cough, cold, asthma, bleeding disorders
Mahamanjistadi Kashayam – useful in skin diseases, gout, syphilis and non healing wounds
Maha Vishagarbha Taila – useful in sciatica, joint stiffness and tinnitus
Manasamitra Vatakam – Useful in speech problems, depression, psychiatric disorders.
Easy method of preparing Sarsaparilla Sarbath. 
Take 100 grams of Sarsaparilla. Add 1 liter of water to it. Boil in mild fire till the water quantity reduces to half a liter. Filter it.
Sarsaparilla, also called Nannari powder is available in amazon website here –
http://amzn.to/2sjwkEy

Add – 400 grams of sugar / jaggery to it.
Boil it till the total solution becomes like a syrup.
Stop heating.
Allow it to cool down. Store in a cool dry place, in an air tight bottle.
This can be stored for a period of 3 – 4 months without refrigeration.

Whenever juice is to be consumed, you can add half a cup of this with half a cup of hot water and drink.


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Comments

  1. Sir it is used in Arbindasava & Triphla Ghrit as well. Nice article

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      I only listed a few important ones. It is used in many more medicines. Thanks.

  2. deepika goyal says:

    hello sir. i wanted to know how it can be used to remove acne scars

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, regular drinking of Sarsaparilla juice or taking Glohill capsule (which contains Sariva and Manjishta) – available online here – http://bit.ly/1DXDUBt 1 capsule per day, after food, can be useful in relieving acne scar.

  3. Immanuel Moses says:

    Sir,
    I want to know whether this plant Hemidesmus indicus especially contain any antiviral propertY since, very less information is given about that property.

    • Dr Malini Bhat says:

      Dear sir, It has known to have Anti microbial property. It is TRIDOSHAHARA. It treats all conditions with heat or toxins in the blood; dermatological, musculoskeletal,urogenital.

  4. Sir, I want to whether this plant contain any antiviral property ?

    • Dr Malini Bhat says:

      Dear sir, It has known to have Anti microbial property. It is TRIDOSHAHARA. It treats all conditions with heat or toxins in the blood; dermatological, musculoskeletal,urogenital.

  5. Purav Gour says:

    Dear sir
    Intake of anantmool root powder prevents baldness ?
    From where sud I buy good quality anantmool root powder online ?
    Pls help !

  6. i m suffering from adenomyosis,now my periods has stop.can i take anantamool kadha for burning heat due to hot flashes? can high bp patient take this kadha?

  7. Purav Gour says:

    Sir can we consume tribulus terrestris tincture in place of capsule or powder form ? If yes, in what dose for improving kidney functions ???
    A few articles on net says tribulus causes prostate issues. But since it is diuretic it should improve prostate healh ??

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, there are no direct, well established clinical reports of tribulus causing cancer. Regarding the tincture, it depends upon the concentration. Please consult a doctor directly.

  8. sir, we have a sugandhi syrup available in local ayurvedis stores stating for heat problems. it is consisting of 40 grams of sugandhi, 5 grams of yashtimadhu, 5 grams of shatavari for 1000ml of syrup. is it ok to consume that syrup daily for heat problems. if yes how much safe everyday?

  9. Sir can we use Kathmandu lehya and sariva syrup at the same time??

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      I suppose it is kushmanda lehya. If it is the lehya, then it can be taken together with Sariva syrup.

  10. SIR, IS CONTINUOUS USE OF EVEN SMALL DOSE OS SARSAPARILLA DANGEROUS TO SKIN? MEANS SKIN CANCER

  11. Neeraja says:

    Dear Doctor,
    Is it safe for consuming hemidesmus included drinks like nannari syrup during pregnancy?

  12. What should we take for aruchi in tongue

  13. Wendy Larsen says:

    Sir,
    I have been seeing an Ayurveda practitioner, they suggested shatavari for female issues. I have been menstruating for the past 4 months for 3 weeks at a time. They changed my formula to anantamul and still no difference. I am not sure if you have heard of essure, but it is where they place coils in your tubes to keep you from having children. I had this done about 10 years ago and it seems the last few years my menstruating has become worse. Not sure if it’s Menapause or the cause of the essure. Is there any herb that can help with this? As you may know it has been draining me of energy. I am also border line anemic. Any suggestions would be great.
    Thank you, Wendy

  14. Does it contain potassium ?
    Can people undergoing​ hemodialysis (kidney failure)have it ???

  15. Can we take sariva during periods?if no..why?

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