Vidanga is one of the powerful anti-parasitic herbs of Ayurveda. It is widely used against intestinal worm infestation. Its botanical name is Embelia ribes. It is called False black pepper because it mimics pepper in appearance.
Botanical Name– Embelia ribes Burm. F
Family– MYRSINACEAE – Vidanga Kula.
Hindi Name-Vaividang, Vay Vidang, Baibidang, Bhabhirang
Telugu Name– Vayu Vidangalu
Bengali Name– Vidang, Bidang
Marathi Name– Bavidang
Punjabi Name– Bavidang
Gujarati Name– Bavadang
Tamil & Kannada Name– Vilanga, vayu vilanga, vayu vidanga
Malayalam Name– Vijhala,
Jantuhantri, Krimighna – useful in worm infestation
Chitra Tandula – The seeds contain white streaks
Amogha, Vella, Kairali, Tandula, Gahvara.
Krimigna – group of herbs used in treating worm infestation
Kushtaghna – group of herbs used in skin diseases.
Truptighna – group of herbs used in relieving satiation.
Sushruta– Surasadi, Pippalyadi
Vagbhata– Surasadi, Pippalyadi
At the present Embelia Tsjeriam- Cottom-R.et.S
A.Dc- E. Robusta C.B Clarke is supplied as Vidanga at most of the places in India. P.V Sharmaji reported that Myrsine Africana Linn. is adulterated for Vidanga.
It is distributed throughout India. It is also cultivated.
Major chemical constituents
Embelin, Christembine, Homoembelin, Vilangine, Quercitol etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna Vijnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent), Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna (qualities)– Laghu (lightness), Ruksha (dryness),Teekshna (piercing, strong)
Virya– Ushna – hot potency
Vipaka– Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Prabhava – Special effect – Krumighna – relieves worm infestation.
Effect on Tridosha
Because of its hot potency, it balances Kapha and Vata Doshas.
Part used, dosage
Part used– Fruits, root
Dosage– Powder 3-5 g per day, in divided dose is the usual prescribed dose.
To relieve worm infestation it is given in a dose of 5 – 10 grams
Of all the herbs used in treating worm infestation, Vidanga is the best.
Sara – eases the movement of contents in the intestinal track.
Krumihara – useful in worm infestation
Krumikushta – useful in infective skin diseases
Pramehahara – useful in diabetes
Shirorogahara – useful in headache
Vahnikara – improves appetite
Shulahara – useful in abdominal colic pain
Adhmanahara – relieves bloating
Udarahara – useful in abdominal distension, ascites
Shleshma Krumihara – useful in worm infestation of Kapha origin
Vatahara – Balances Vata
Vibandhanut – relieves constipation
Artinut – relieves pain
Agnimandyahara – relieves indigestion, weak digestion
Aruchihara – relieves anorexia
Vibhrantihara –relieves dizziness
It does Shirovirechana – expelling Doshas out of the body from head. Hence used as ingredient in many nasal drops and Nasya oils like Anu tail and Shadbindu Tail.
Usually when medicine is given for de-worming the intestines, it is associated with another laxative ingredient so as to ease the dead worms out of the intestines. But while administering Embelia ribes for the purpose of de-worming, an extra laxative is not required because Vidanga itself is a mild laxative.
The word Krumighna does not suggest only towards intestinal worm. The word meaning also encompasses microbial infection as well. Hence Vidanga is an essential ingredient in many anti-microbial medicines like Sanjivani Vati and Panchanimbadi Vati.
It detoxifies blood, hence useful in wide range of skin diseases.
It has contraceptive effect, along with Pippali (long pepper)
It improves skin complexion and also used for rejuvenation purpose.
Its water decoction is used for oil pulling to relieve dental caries and bad breath
In skin diseases, it is used both orally and externally in the form of paste. Hence it is used in skin pastes like Pathyadi Lepa
It has mild diuretic action. Hence used in dysuria.
It is useful against vomiting, bloating, indigestion, gastritis and constipation.
It is widely used in weight loss treatment. Hence ingredient of many medicines like Amrutadi Guggulu
Because of its contraceptive effect, its long term usage should be done with care in cases of infertility.
There are no known side effects with this herb.
It is used in children and lactating mothers. But pregnant ladies should seek medical advice.
Use as dusting powder
Vidang as a dusting powder:
Charaka explained Vidang as one among Avachurnana dravya, along with herbs like Kushta, Musta, Lodhra, Sarjarasa etc. The body of the patient is smeared with sesame oil. Then the body is dusted with the above powder mix. Dusting process is called Avachurnana.
It relieves Kitibha – ringworm, Kandu – pruritis, Pama – keloids, Vicharchika – Eczema. Reference: (Charaka Sutrasthana 5th chapter)
For plants to flower in all seasons:
Mixture of Sesame oil cakes, Vidanga (Embelia ribes), sugar cane juice and cow dung is sprinkled to the root of a plant. This practice enables flowering of the plant in all the seasons. (Reference: Vriksha Ayurveda)
Use in gastritis
Is Vidanga Useful in Amlapitta (gastritis)?
Vidang is one of the prime herbs used in gastritis or amlapitta treatment. It is also very useful in H Pylori infection.
Many Ayurvedic products that are used for the treatment of gastric conditions contain Vidanga as main ingredient. For example –
Mahadraksha, Vidangasava, Avipattikar Churna etc.