Bhringraj is an important Ayurveda herb, widely used in hair fall treatment, liver disorders, skin diseases etc. Its botanical name is – Eclipta alba. Its whole plant is used for various medicinal purposes.
Botanical Name– Eclipta Alba (L.)Hassk [EcliptaEclipta prostrata (L) L; Verbesina prostrate L;]
Hindi name– Bhangra, Bhangaraiya
English name – False Daisy
Kannada name – Garagada Soppu, Garga
Telugu Name– Guntagal Agaraku, Galgara
Tamil Name– Kayanthakarra, Kaikeshi
Marathi Name– Maka
Gujarati Name– Bhangaro
Punjabi Name– Bhangra
Bengali Name– Kesuriya
Malayalam Name- Jala Bhangara, Tekaraja
Arabi Name – Kadimulambit
Markava, Kesharanjana – helps to relieve grey hairs
Bhringaraja – Helps to make the hair silky and shiny like that of peacock.
Bharnagaraha, Bringa, Mahaneela, Ravipriya, angaraka, Suryavarta, Pitrupriya.
In Raja nighantu three varieties are mentioned;
- Shweta Bhrngaraja (E..Alba) – white variety
- Bhringaraja(wedelia calendulacea Less) – yellow variety.
- Bhringaraja(E. Alba?)
Distribution– This herb is found throughout India, especially in marshy places.
Major chemical constituents- Ecliptic, Wedelolactone, Des-me thyl wedelolactone, stigmasterol; Heptacosanol, Hentriacontanol, sixteen polyacetylenic thiophenes etc.
Bhringaraj medicinal qualities –
- Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter)
- Guna (qualities) – Rooksha (dryness), Laghu (light to digest)
- Veerya- Ushna – Hot potency
- VIpaka- Katu – undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Effect on Tridosha – Because of its pungent, bitter taste, dryness and lightness, it balances Kapha Dosha. Because of its hot potency, it balances Vata. Hence, it balances Kapha and Vata Doshas.
Part used– Whole Plant
(Correction – 7th line of verse, 4th word – Kushtanetra)
Akshirogahrut – useful in eye diseases
Dantya – improves strength of teeth
Tvachya – improves skin quality, useful in skin diseases
Keshya – improves quality of hair. Hence it is one of the prime herbs used in many hair oils, like Bhringamalakadi Tailam
Rasayana – rejuvenating, anti aging
Kasahara – relieves cough, cold. Hence Bhringarajasavam, a very famous medicine with Bhringaraja as main ingredient is quite commonly prescribed in respiratory infections, cold, cough etc.
Krumihara – useful in intestinal worm infestation and infected wounds
Shwasahara – useful in asthma, COPD and other respiratory diseases
Kushtahara – useful in skin diseases
Shophahara – good anti inflammatory herb, relieves pain, swelling and redness.
Pandunut – useful in anemia, early stage of liver diseases. It stimulates liver.
Amanut – useful in indigestion, relieves Ama.
Shiro artinut – useful in headache
Chakshushya – useful in improving eye sight.
Kesharanjana – useful in grey hairs
Vishaghna – anti-poisonous, anti-toxic
It detoxifies blood. Hence it is used as an ingredient in Maha Manjsihtadi Kwath.
The seeds are used for aphrodisiac therapy
Its paste is applied over the swollen areas of elephantiasis, abscess etc.
Its paste is also applied over wounds to reduce pain and to induce quick wound healing.
Its juice extract is used as eye and ear drops to relieve infection and pain.
Its Nasya (use as nasal drops), after mixing with goat milk is is done in grey hairs and headache.
Bhringaraja juice extract is administered along with castor oil to relieve intestinal worm infestation.
Learn how to make Bhringaraj hair oil
Bhringaraja juice extract – is administered for the purpose of rejuvenation, for a long period of time. While its administration, the patient is made to eat only cooked rice with milk. This helps to improve strength, immunity, fertility and life expectancy.
Fresh Juice 5-10 ml
Powder – 250 mg – 2 grams in divided dose per day, or as advised by Ayurveda doctor.
Eclipta alba side effects:
There are no known side effects with this medicine in its regular dose.
It is used in medicines of pediatric conditions and in lactating mothers.
Pregnant mothers should seek doctor’s advice before taking this herb.
A side effect reported by reader:
About 3 weeks ago I bought this herb in 300mg per capsules and started taking 2×2 capsules a day. After one week I noticed swelling of first my first in the morning which then changed to swelling of my feet, particular my right one. I continued taking the capsules for another week before making the connection to the capsules. It was so bad that I had difficulties walking as my feet were so swollen. I’m a healthy and slim women, so this was very unusual. As soon as I stopped taking the capsules the swelling subsided and now two days later my feet almost back to normal.
Note by Dr Hebbar:
Eclipta alba capsule dose of 2 X 2 per day is slightly higher than the usual prescribed dose of 1 capsule (or tablet) once or twice a day. So the above side effect can be noted as side effect on higher dose. However, it is worthwhile to know about its side effect on higher dose.