Shirisha, Albizia lebbeck- Uses, Medicinal Qualities, Ayurveda Details

Shireesha is an important anti-poisoning herb of Ayurveda. Its use is even indicated in snake bite poisoning. It grows into a big tree, usually found in road sides of Southern India.
Botanical name: Albizia lebbeck, Mimosa lebbeck
Family: Mimosoideae

Hindi name – Siris
English name – lebbeck, lebbek tree, flea tree, frywood, koko and woman’s tongue tree
Telugu name – Dirisena chettu
Tamil name – Vegiai
Kannada name – bage mara
Malayalam name – Vaga
Punjabi name – Siri, Shari
Gujarati name – Sarsado
Bengali name – sirosh
Marathi name –Siras

Sanskrit Synonyms:
Mrudupushpa – Flowers are soft
Shukapirya, Shukapushpa – flower resembles bird beak
Bhandi, Bhandira

Classical categorization:
Charaka Samhita –

Vishaghna – group of anti-poisonous herbs
Vedanasthapana – Analgesic group of herbs
Shirovirechana – group of herbs that are used to cleanse and detoxify sense organs and brain
Kashaya skanda – astringent group of herbs

Sushruta – Salsaradi Gana
Vagbhata – Asanadi Gana
Distribution: It is quite commonly seen in all parts of India.

Medicinal qualities:
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry), Teekshna (enters deep tissues, piercing)
Rasa (Taste) – Kashaya (astringent), Tikta (bitter), Madhura (sweet)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency) – Ishat Ushna – slightly hot.
Effect on Tridosha – Tridoshahara – It balances all the three Doshas.

Albizia lebbeck uses:
Of all the herbs that are useful to treat poisoning, Shireesha – Albizia lebbeck is the best.
Shothahara – relieves inflammation
Visarpaghna – relieves herpes, spreading skin disease
Kasahara – relieves cold and cough
Vranahara – brings about quick wound healing
Vishapaha – Useful in treating poisoning

Varnya – Good for skin, improves complexion
Kushtaghna – Useful in skin diseases
Kandughna – relieves itching, pruritis
Twak Doshahara – detoxifies skin
Shwasahara – useful in Asthma, COPD< wheezing, breathing difficulty

Parts used –Bark, seeds, leaves and flowers of Albizia lebbeck are used for medicinal purposes.

Dose: Powder – 3 – 6 grams per day,
Water decoction – 50 – 100 ml
Fresh juice – 10 – 20 ml

Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity
Anti allergic activity

Ayurvedic medicines with Shirisha ingredient:
Dashang Lepa – Useful in wounds, eczema etc.
Ayaskriti – useful in obesity, anemia, vitiligo etc
Brihat Marichadi Taila – used in low back ache, spondylosis etc
Devdarvarishta – Used in skin and urine disorders
Vajraka Thailam – used in sinus and abscess.

Usage in poisoning:
Its flower is squeezed and juice is extracted. It is triturated with black pepper and sugar and is used for nasal instillation, and for oral intake in snake bites. (Charaka Samhita, Chikitsathana 25th chapter)

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