Sarapunkha is a famous Ayurvedic herb used in liver cirrhosis and splenomegaly. Its botanical name is Tephrosia purpurea. It belongs to Fabaceae family.
Hindi name saraponkh
English name Wild indigo or Purple tephrosia
Telugu Vempali Chettu
Sanskrit Synonyms of Sharapunkha:
Pleehashatru useful in splenomegaly
Neelavrukshakruti – Blue colour flowered herb
Sharapunkha Shara means arrow. Its leaf, when cut by hand, looks similar to hind part of arrow.
Distribution: The herb is found in all parts of India.
Guna (qualities) Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dryness), Teekshna (piercing)
Rasa (taste) Tikta – Bitter, Kashaya – Astringent
Vipaka taste conversion after digestion Katu (pungent)
Veerya Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha balances Kapha and Vata.
Yakrut-hara useful in liver diseases, hepatitis, cirrhosis
Pleehaghna useful in splenomegaly
Gulma useful in abdominal tumor / bloating
Vraapaha brings about quick wound healing
Vishapaha acts against poisoning
Kasaghna – relieves cough, cold
Asrajit acts as blood detoxifier
Shwasahara Useful in dyspnoea, Asthma, Bronchitis and Chronic respiratory disorders.
Jvarahara useful in fever
Chakshushya useful in eye diseases
Damshtrajit useful in insect bite
Shastrasrajit useful in weapon injuries.
Part used: Root, Kshara (alkali powder preparation) of whole plant.
Its study on efficacy against H Pylori