Latakaranja is an Ayurvedic herb. Its seed is peculiar. When rubbed over a rough surface, it instantly becomes hot. It is widely used in treating malaria, and is also a very good anti spasmodic herb. It is also useful in many types of fever. Hence is known as Fever nut in English.
Its botanical name is Caesalpinia crista Linn. Synonym: Caesalpinia bonduc. It belongs to caelapiniaceae family.
Hindi name: kantakareja
Telugu – Gaccakaya
Tamil – Kajichi kaya
Kannada – Gajjuga Kayi, Gajjuga mara.
Kantakikaranja – because it is a prickly shrub.
Kuberaksha – its seeds resemble the size of eyes
Putikaranja, Vitapakaranja, Karanji
Distribution: It is found throughout moderate to high temperature zones of India. It is commonly found in South and eastern parts of India.
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dryness)
Rasa (Taste) – Tikta – Bitter, Kashaya (Astringent)
Vipaka – taste conversion after digestion – Katu (pungent)
Veerya – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances all the three Doshas.
Stambhani – useful in diarrhoea and bleeding disorders
Vamihara – acts as natural anti-emetic. Relieves vomiting
Pitta Arshahara – Useful in piles / haemorrhoids of Pitta origin
Krumihara – relieves worm infestation
Kushtaghna – useful in skin diseases
Pramehajit – useful in urinary tract disorders and diabetes
Apart from these, it is traditionally used in treatment of liver and spleen disorders.
A famous folklore medicine – its leaf or seed paste is applied over the hydrocele to reduce the swelling.
Part used: Root bark, leaf, seed
Ayush 64 – An Ayurvedic Anti-malarial medicine developed by department o AYUSH, Govt. of India.
Anthrakutharam Gulika – used in bloating, constipation, colic pain etc.
Himasagara Tailam – Used in bone and joint disorders.
Ayaskriti – used in Anemia, urinary tract infections etc.