Pomegranate fruit benefits are innumerable. There are only a very few fruits as nutrition-loaded as pomegranate. Pomegranate is used for its health benefits since thousands of years. Apart from pomegranate fruits, other parts of the plant such as bark, root bark are also used in many health conditions. Pomegranate fruit is the widely used part of the plant.
Common names, Sanskrit synonyms
Hindi name: Anar
Telugu name: Danimma Kaya, daalimba, daanimma.
Malayalam name: Matalam, matalam, madala, raktabijam
Tamil name: Matuli, maadulai, maatulai pazham.
Marathi name: Dalimb
Kannada name: Dalimbe hannu
Urdu name – Urdu: aab-e-amar, amrdana.
Persian name – anar.
Arabic name – gulnar
Hindi name – anar ke phal.
Sanskrit synonyms of Pomegranate:
Phalamla – has slightly sour taste
Kuchaphala – Fruit resembles the shape of breasts
Shukavallabha – attracts birds
Raktabeeja – has red seeds
Raptapushpa – has red coloured flowers
Dantabeeja – seeds are arranged like teeth
Qualities, effect on Doshas
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oily)
Rasa (taste) – Madhura (sweet), Amla (sour), Kashaya (astringent)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura (sweet) or Amla (sour)
Veerya (potency) – Anushna – neither cold, nor sweet.
Pomegranate – effect on Tridosha –
Sweet pomegranate balances Tridosha – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
Sour pomegranate balances Vata and Kapha and increases Pitta.
Pomegranate fruit benefits
Qualities of pomegranate fruits is explained in Ayurveda based on its taste. Based on taste, it is classified into three categories.
Sweet pomegranate fruit benefits – Sweet pomegranates are having the rarest Tridosha balance effect. There are only a handful of herbs with Tridosha balance effect. (Amla fruit is another example)
The sweet pomegranate fruit is indicated to be taken during fever.
Trit hara, Daaha hara – It relieves excessive thirst and burning sensation.
It cleanses and clarifies oral cavity, throat, oesophagus stomach and chest.
Shukrala – It is a good natural aphrodisiac and improves sperm count and semen quality.
Laghu – It undergoes digestion very easily, very light on stomach.
It also has astringent taste, helps to relieve diarrhoea, useful in IBS, ulcerative colitis.
Medha balakara – It improves intelligence, immunity and body strength.
Hridya – Good for heart
Sweet-Sour Pomegranate fruit benefits- Pomegranates having sweet and sour taste improves digestion power of stomach.
Ruchya – Helps relieve anorexia, improves taste of food.
It slightly increases Pitta.
Sour pomegranate fruit – Pomegranate fruit having predominant sour taste increases Pitta to a greater extent. But it balances Kapha and Vata. Sour pomegranate is ideal ingredient of diet in Rheumatoid arthritis.
Pomegranate benefits – Modern views
Modern science hails pomegranate benefits in many ways. Pomegranate is a proven rich source of anti oxidants, hence it is very good for heart. It is interesting to know that this finding matches with Hridya – protecting and promoting heart health claim by centuries old Ayurveda matches with the scientific research.
Pomegranate fruit is a good source of Vitamin C, B5, Polyphenols and Potassium.
Pomegranate benefits in wikipedia
It augments the digestive fire, is wholesome to the body; provides virility; relieves vomiting, loss of taste, inflammations and pitta type of fever. Soothes from the burning sensation inside the body, improves complexion of skin, provides physical energy, provides satiation when consumed in its ripened state. It at times acts as an absorbent in a milder form, it soothes the throat in a person with cough.
Pomegranate side effects – It is known to cause constipation, hence is used as a home remedy for diarrhoea. But people with constipation need to watch out.
Remedies for dysentery, bradycardia
Pomegranate for dysentery
The outer fruit cover of Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is made into a decoction and administered (15-20 ml) repeatedly.
Pomegranate remedy for bradycardia:
In case of low pulse rate, Vaidyaraj Subhash Sharma has mentioned about the below remedy:
Akarakara churna is mixed along with Pushkaramoola churna, Shrunga Bhasma and Vamsha lochana. It is administered one hour before food along with pomegranate juice, twice a day. Consult a doctor before following this or any other remedies.
Ayurvedic products with Pomegranate as an ingredient –
Dadima Chatusama churna,
Lavan Bhaskar Churna
Alcoholic preparation: Mritasanjeevani Sura
Ghee preparation: Dadimadi Ghrita
Herbal powder – Yavanyadi choorna
Ayurvedic medicine, traditionally advised along with pomegranate juice is – Narayana Churna