PMS is also called as premenstrual tension. PMS symptoms are considered to be psychosomatic in nature. It appears every month, 7 – 10 days before bleeding (periods).
There is no underlying abnormality or pathology related to PMS.
It occurs regularly in the last half of the menstrual cycle.
During the rest of the periods, the women will be free from any symptoms.
The following are thought to be the causes of PMS –
Alteration in the levels of Oestrogen and progesterone at the middle period of the menstrual cycle, causing stress.
Nerve and nerve related chemical factors – Decreased synthesis of serotonine (a neuro transmitter) during second half of the periods is observed in women with PMS.
Withdrawal of endorphins is also thought to be the cause of PMS.
Swelling of hands and legs, Weight gain,
Anxiety, headache, loss of concentration.
Effective tips to get rid of PMS:
- Avoid caffeine, salt and alcohol especially during the second half of the menstrual cycle.
- Practice yoga and Pranayama.
- Avoid waking up till late night during the second half of the menstrual cycle.
- Take rest as far as you can.
- Having buttermilk with a pinch of fenugreek and asa foetida helps relief muscle cramps.