Mango Ginger (Amba Haldi) Uses, Research, Remedies, Side Effects

Amba haldi, also known as Mango ginger is Curcuma amada. It is an Ayurvedic spice used for the treatment of joint pain, itching in the skin, indigestion, cough and wounds. 

Latin name- Curcuma amada Roxb.
Family- Zingiberaceae

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Amahaladi, Karpura haldi, Amba Haldi
English- Mango ginger
Bengali name- Amada
Guajarati name-Safed haldar
Kannada name- Ambarasina, Huliarasina
Malayalam name- Manga inji
Marathi name- Amba haldar, Ambaldi
Tamil name- Manga inji
Telugu name- Mamodi alam
Urdu name- Amba haldi

Sanskrit Synonyms of Amragandhi Haridra:
Karpura haridra- The smell of plant resembles camphor
Vanyaharidra, Aranyaharidra – The plant is available in the wild
Kanda, Daru, Asragandha

Morphology of Curcuma amada:
The morphology of the plant resembles to that of Haridra (Turmeric) plant. It is a small plant growing to a height of 2-3 feet. The leaves are oblong, 1-2 feet long and about 5-6 inches wide, smooth having white colored dots in them. The rhizome of the plant can grow up to 10-12 inches long and has a pleasant smell of raw mango. The plant is available as well as grown all over India in the temperate climate for its culinary and commercial value. The plant is a native of Indonesia and China.

Medicinal properties of mango ginger:
Rasa (Taste) – Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)
Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light for digestion), Ruksha (Dry in nature)
Vipaka – Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion)
Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
Karma (Actions) – Kapha vata shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha),

Part used- Rhizome
Dosage-
Rhizome powder- 3 to 5g

Chemical composition of curcuma amada:
 Presence of curcumin and a phytosterol is reported in the rhizome of this plant. The rhizome also contains 1.1% of essential oil, resin, gum, starch, sugar, albuminoids, crude fiber  & organic acid d-camphor, 1-beta-curcumne, mycrene and cacimene.

Pharmacology:
It is cooling & useful in prurigo. It is carminative, cooling, aromatic.
The paste of drug with the juice of Jasminum grandiflora is applied to skin complaints of children characterized by small blebes into which hairs grow soon after i.e., 10 days after birth.

Rhizomes are also used externally in the form of paste for skin disease, bruises, & itching it is also appetizer, digestive, stomachic, demulcent vulneraray, febrifoga, alexcteric, aphrodisiac,laxative, diuretic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory & antipyretic.

Uses of Amragandhi Haridra:

  • 2-3 g of the powder of the rhizome of mango ginger is added with a glass of buttermilk and given to treat conditions of indigestion and improve taste and appetite.
  • The paste of the rhizome of Curcuma amada is applied over the joint affected with localized pain and swelling.
  • The juice of the rhizome of amragandha haridra is given in a dose of 10 ml to treat intestinal worms.
  • 5-10 ml of the fresh juice of Mango ginger is mixed with few drops of honey and consumed to treat cough and asthma.
  • The paste of the leaf and rhizome of Curcuma amada is applied over the area affected with itching sensation of skin and over wounds for quick healing.
  • The rhizome of mango ginger is used for various culinary purpose like pickle, soup and as flavoring agent in many dish.

Uses as per Ayurveda:
Sheetala – coolant
Vrushya – aphrodisiac, improves vigor
Sannipata – useful in all Tridosha imbalance disorders
Kanduhara – useful in relieving pruritis (excessive itching)

Adverse effects: No known adverse effect is known or reported after the use of this plant.

Research articles related to Curcuma amada:
Anti-oxidant potential: Present examination aims to evaluate and compare antioxidant potential of different extracts of mango ginger using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl assay. In this study, methanol and ethyl acetate extracts of mango ginger rhizomes was estimated as good antioxidant activity which is may be due to phenolics, curcuminoids, essential oil, terpinoids and flavonids present in good amounts in these extracts, whereas dichloromethane and aqueous extracts has very little capability of radical scavenging activity.

Anti- bacterial study: This study investigates the chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant activity and antibacterial activity of essential oil of Curcuma amada Roxb. This study proves that the essential oil could serve as an important bio-resource of antioxidants for using in food and pharmaceutical industry. Besides, the essential of C.amada remarkably inhibited the growth of 12 bacterial strains.

Classical categorization:
Bhavaprakasha- Hareetakyadi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu- Oushadhi varga

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Curcuma
Species: C. amada

Author: Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: drprashanthbk@gmail.com
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Comments

  1. Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

    Fresh Rhizomes of Mango ginger is available in amazon website, useful for growing the plant. Link to buy is here
    http://amzn.to/2uy6rBt

  2. Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

    Amba Haldi dry powder is available in amazon website here
    http://amzn.to/2vdsECM

  3. Mango Ginger pickle – grandmaa’s recipe ….along with curd rice…..wow…

    Can we have mango ginger any time of the year ?
    Are there any side effects? Such as gastric irritation etc. ( like ginger can cause irritation)

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, there are no known side effects with this. It is better tolerated than ginger by the stomach.

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