Lasoda: Cordia dichotoma: Benefits, Remedies, Research, Side Effects

Shleshmataka – Cordia dichotoma is an Ayurvedic plant, used for the treatment of cough, asthma, skin diseases, fever, diarrhea, intestinal worms and wounds. 

Latin name- Cordia dichotoma Forst.
Family- Boraginaceae

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Lasoda, Dela, Tenti, Gunda
English name- Sebesten, Glue berry, Pink pearl tree, Bird Lime tree, Fragrant manjack, snotty gobbles, glue berry, anonang, pink pearl, bird lime tree, Indian cherry
Arabic name- Dilk
Bengali name- Bahanari
Punjabi name- Lasuda
Gujarathi name- Vadagunda
Marathi name- Bhonkar, Bhokar
Nepalese name- Lasura
Telugu name- Nakkera
Tamil name- Vidi

Synonyms:
Shleshmataka- Expels the Phlegm from the body
Bahubar- Cures many diseases
Shelu- Gives life to men
Uddalaka- Removes the diseases
Gandha pushpa- The flowers have good fragrance
Shapita, Dvijakutsita, karbudara, Bahudara, Seluka, Bahuvaraka, Muktaphala, Vasanta kusuma, Shilu, Lekhasara, Sutapadapa, Lekhasataka, Bhutavrukshaka, Bhutadruma, Gandhapushpa

Morphology:
Lasoda  is a tree growing to a height of 10-15 m and is seen all over the plains of India. The bark of the stem and trunk is brown. The leaf of the tree looks slimy and smooth. The fruits are whitish in color and bloom during the spring. The fruits are oval, sweet in taste and contain a solitary seed.

Lasoda Slesmatak – medicinal properties:
Rasa (Taste) – Bark is Kashaya (Astringent), Tikta (Bitter). Fruit is Madhura (Sweet)
Guna (Qualities) – Snigdha (Slimy), Guru (Heavy),
Vipaka – Bark- Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion), Fruit- Madhura (Sweet)
Veerya (Potency) – Sheeta (Cold)
Karma (Actions) – Fruit is Pitta vata shamaka (reduces vitiated pittaa and vata dosha), Bark is  Kapha pitta shamaka (reduces kapha and pitta dosha)

Part used- Fruit and Bark
Dosage:
Decoction of bark- 50 to 70 ml
Fruit juice- 15-20 ml

Cordia dichotoma chemical constituents:
The leaves of the plant contain B- sitosteryl- 3B- glucopyranoside, chlorophyll and B sitosterol. The twig of the plant has linolenoylglycerol. The plant also has linolenic acid and allantion.

Uses of Shleshmataka:

  • The immature fruits are made into pickle and also used as vegetable fodder. The leaves also yield good fodder.
  • The decoction of the bark is used for cleansing fresh wounds and wound due to insect bite.
  • The decoction of the bark of Cordia dichotoma is given in a dose of 40-50 ml to treat diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome and intestinal worms.
  • The juice of the fresh fruit is given in a dose of 15-20 ml to treat burning sensation of the body and dryness of the body.
  • The juice of the fruit is also useful to remove excess phlegm from the lungs and treat cough, asthma.
  • The cold infusion of the bark or root is given in a dose of 40-50 ml to treat burning micturition and difficulty in micturition.
  • The fruit is consumed to improve the digestive power and indigestion.
  • The paste of the root is applied over the area affected with skin diseases like eczema and ringworm.
  • The fresh juice of the fruit is known to increase the sperm count in male.
  • The decoction of the bark is consumed regularly to improve the general body strength and remove fatigue.


Lasoda uses as per Ayurveda:

Bark
Keshya – Improves hair strength, promotes hair growth  
Balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha
Indicated in –
Visha – Toxic conditions, poisoning Visarpa – herpes
Visphota – boils, blisters
Vrana – Ulcers, wounds

Unripe Fruit:
Sheetala – coolant
Vishtambi – causes constipation
Vatala – increases Vata Dosha
Kashaya – astringent
Grahi – absorbent, useful in diarrhea, IBS
Balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha

Ripe fruit:
Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Shleshmala – Increases Kapha Dosha
Sheetala – coolant
Guru – heavy to digest

Adverse effect: No adverse effect is known or reported after the use of Shlesmataka

Formulations containing Shleshmataka:
Gojihwadi kashaya: This is a medicine in decoction form useful to treat fever, cough, bronchitis, rhinitis etc.
Cofnil plus syrup: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine useful to treat cough and allergic rhinitis.
Virataradi kashaya: It is a medicine in decoction form useful to treat urinary calculi, difficulty in micturition and all ailments due to vata disorders.
P-KOF syrup: It is a proprietary ayurvedic medicine useful to treat cough, cold and allergic conditions.

Research articles related to Cordia dichotoma:
Anti- microbial and Anti-fungal action: Antibacterial activity of methanol and butanol extracts of the bark was carried out against two gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and two Gram positive bacteria (St. pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus). The antifungal activity of the extracts was carried out against three common pathogenic fungi (Aspergillus niger, A.clavatus, and Candida albicans). The extracts showed remarkable inhibition of zone of bacterial growth and fungal growth and the results obtained were comparable with that of standards drugs against the organisms tested. The activity of extracts increased linearly with increase in concentration of extract (mg/ml). The results showed the antibacterial and antifungal activity against the organisms tested.

Wound healing action: The extraction of fruits of Cordia dichotoma Forst. f. was carried out using ethanol. This extract was further fractionated using petroleum ether (40-60%), solvent ether, ethylacetate, butanol and butanone in succession. These fractions were screened for wound healingactivity using three different models, viz. excision, incision and dead space wound models on either sex of albino rats of Wistar strain. All the fractions showed significant (P<0.001) activity on the chosen models.

Anti- diabetic action: This study was designed to investigate in vivo hypoglycemic and anti- diabetic potential of methanol extract of fruits of Cordia dichotoma in glucose loaded animals and alloxan induced diabetic animals. In both the models Cordia dichotoma reduced the blood glucose level when compared to diabetic control group and exert a significant hypoglycemic and anti- diabetic activity.

Classical categorization:
Charaka- Vishagna
Sushrutha- Phala varga
Bhavaprakasha- Amradi phala varga
Dhanvantari Nighantu- Amradi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu- Oushadhi varga
Raja Nighantu- Amradi varga
Shodala Nighantu- Amradi varga

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: (unplaced)
Family: Boraginaceae
Genus: Cordia
Species: C. dichotoma

Author:
Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: drprashanthbk@gmail.com


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