Henbane – Hyoscyamus niger Linn is a famous herb used for treating intestinal and stomach spasms. Its leaves and leaf oil is quite commonly used in Ayurvedic treatment. But care should be taken to avoid over-dosing this important herb.
Family- SOLANACEAE (Kantakari Kula)
English Name- Henbane, Black Henbane, Common Henbane, Devil’s eye, Fetid nightshade, Jupiter’s Bean
Hindi Name- Khurasani Ajawayan
Bengali Name- Khorasani Ajoban
Tamil Name- Kurasani Yomam
Gujarati Name- Khurasani Ajma
Kannada Name – Khurasani Oma
Malayalam Name – Khurasani Ova
Telugu Name – Khurasani Yamani
Arabian Name – Altercum, Bajulbajj
Farsi name – Turumavanga
Sanskrit Synonyms –
Parasika yavani – from Paras country
Yavani – From yavana Desha- Japan
Turushka – From Turkey
Madakarini – Causes Mada (intoxication, dizziness)
Found in temperate western Himalayas at 2,700-3,700 meter height, between Kashmir to Garhwal. It is cultivated in certain parts of western Himalayas.
Major chemical constituents of Henbane
Apoatropine, cascohygrine, Daturamine, Hyoscine, (Scopalimine), Tropine, Phytin, Hyoscpicrin, Hyoscine N-oxide, Hyoscine, Aphyoyoscine, a-and B- belladonine, Skimmiaine etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna Vijnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Medicinal qualities of Hyoscyamus niger:
Rasa (taste) – Tikta (bitter), Katu (pungent)
Guna- (qualities) – Guru (heavy), Rooksha (dry)
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Veerya- Ushna – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Vata, because of its hot potency. It increases Pitta.
Part used- Seeds, leaves are commonly used. Flower is also used.
Dosage- Powder 250-1000 mg
Henbane – uses and qualities as per Ayurveda –
Koshta hrut Shoola jit – relieves spasmodic pain related to stomach and intestines.
Hrudya – good for heart
Gulma – abdominal tumor, pain, flatulence
Deepani – improves digestion
Teekshna – strong, piercing
Udarda – useful in allergic skin diseases
Agnikrut – improves digestion strength
Jantunashana, Kruminut – useful in intestinal worm infestation
Grahini – has absorbing and drying qualities.
Hyoscyamus niger soothes nerves, used in neuralgia,
Because of its narcotic effect, it is used to induce sleep, relieves pain.
Used in treating motion sickness, premature ejaculation. It reduces sexual desire and excitation.
Seed is used in treating myalgia.
Its leaf oil is used externally to get rid of scar tissue.
Henbane – Hyoscyamus niger side effects:
It should only be used under medical supervision.
Should be avoided during pregnancy and lactation.
Advised to avoid in tachycardia (increased heart rate), heart failure, Down syndrome, fever, urinary retention, narrow angle glaucoma.
Over-dosage may cause dizziness, dryness of throat, toxic and psychiatric symptoms.
Acute and chronic pain relieving effect of alcoholic extract of seeds
Anti-bacterial activity (needs login to read full text)
Calcium fertilization effects
Ayurvedic medicines with Parasika Yavani ingredient:
Sumanas tablet – used in insomnia, depression etc.
Palsinuron capsule – used in neurological disorder
Myrolax forte – used as laxative