Pushkarmool is a very useful Ayurvedic herb, used in the treatment of heart diseases, respiratory diseases like asthma, bronchitis, cough etc. Its botanical name is Inula racemosa. It is one of the powerful herbs of Ayurveda.
Family- ASTERACEAE, Bhringaraja Kula.
Telugu Name- Pushkara Mulamu
English Name- Elicampane
Gujrati Name- Pohkarmul
Kannada Name- Puskaramul
Cashmini Name- Poshkar
Malayalam Name- Pushkarmul
Padmapatra – leaves resemble those of lotus.
Kashmira – grows abundantly in Kashmir,
Kustha Bheda – resembles the herb Kushta (Saussurea lappa in action),
Poushkara, Chiram, Jiham, Tirtha, Dhira, Padma, Puskarahva, Brahmatirtha, Mulam, Vatahva, Phala, Patraka, Viram, Svasari, Sugandhikam.
Shvasahara – group of herbs useful in asthma, COPD.
Hikkanigrahana – group of herbs useful in hiccups.
Susruta- Phala Varga – group of fruits.
Vagbhata- Hidhma Nigrahana(A.H);
Distribution- Western Himalayas between 5,000- 14,000 feet altitude. It is also cultivated.
Major chemical constituents- Alantolactone, Isoalantolactone, Inunolide- Germacranolide, Dihydroisoalantotolactone, B- Sitosterol,, D- Mannitol, Dihydroinunolide, neo-Alantolactone, inunolise, Sesquiterpene lactone- inunol, Alantodiene etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Rasa (taste) – Tikta (bitter) , Katu (pungent)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (lightness), Teekshna – piercing, strong
Virya- Ushna – Hot potency
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Effect on Tridosha – Because of its pungent, bitter taste, it balances Kapha and because of its hot potency, it balances Vata Dosha.
Therapeutic qualities -
Of all the herbs useful in hiccups, cough, flank pain and asthma, Pushkaramoola is the best.
Jwarahara – useful in fever
Arochakahara – useful in anorexia
Kasaghna – useful in cough and cold
Shophahara – anti inflammatory. It is applied externally for relieving wound and inflammation.
Adhmanahara – relieves bloating
Shwasahara – useful in COPD, asthma
Hikkahara – relieves hiccups
Panduhara – useful in anemia, initial stage of liver disorders.
It has anti histaminic and broncho dilatory effect.
It acts as aphrodisiac and uterine stimulant.
It relieves fat and cholesterol. Hence it is an important ingredient in many weight loss pills.
It has anti viral and anti bacterial effects.
it is found to be useful in Ischemic heart disease.
It acts like a beta blocker herb. Hence useful in high BP.
Part used- Root
Dosage- Powder 1 to 3 grams in divided doses.
Inula racemosa side effects -
People with high BP should take this herb only under medical supervision. Over-dosage may cause low BP.
Export from India – It is one of the plants near to extinction in India. Hence export of this herb and medicines containing this herb is restricted.
Ayurvedic medicine with Pushkarmul -
Shwasahara Kashaya - useful in asthma, cold, cough
Maha Panchagavya Ghrita - useful in neuro-psychiatric conditions
Panchatikta Kashaya - useful in fever.
Arimedadi Thailam – useful for oil pulling, to strengthen teeth.