Paederia foetida is an important Ayurvedic medicinal herb. Its Sanskrit name is Gandha Prasirini. The word meaning in sanskrit is – it spreads bad smell. It is a unique feature of this herb. Gandha means smell prasarini means spreading.
Botanical Name- Paederia foetida Auct. Non Linn. [P.scandens(Lour) merr; Paederia tomentosa B1; Gentiana scan dens Lour]
Family – RUBIACEAE
Hindi Name– Gandhaprasarani or Pasaran
Telugu Name– Takkeda, Savirel
Bengali Name– Gandhabhaduliya, Gandhabhadule, Gandal গন্ধভাদুলে/গাঁদাল
Marathi Name– Hiran- vel
Gujrati Name – Gandhana
Tamil Name– Pinarisangai
Assamese name – Bhedai lota or Paduri lota
Synonyms– Gandhadhadhya, Balya, Rajabala, Sarani
Distribution – Central and Eastern Himalayan Ranges; Wester Bengal.
Major chemical constituents:-
Asperuloside, Padedersoidic acid, paederoside, scandoside – iridous Glycosides; Valine, Tyrosine, Histidine, Carotene, Vit. Cursolic acid; Epifridelinol etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Medicinal qualities –
Rasa (taste)- Tikta
Guna (qualities)– Guru, Sara
Virya (potency)– Ushna
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu
Effect on Tridosha – Because of its hot property, it decreases Kapha and Vata.
Fresh Juice – 10-20 ml, decoction 50-100ml
Part used– Root, leaf
Vrushya – aphrodisiac
Balakrut – improves strength and immunity
Sandhanakrut – useful in wound and bone healing
Useful in Vata disorders.
Almost all the massage oils used for Vata balancing contain this herb as an essential ingredient. On external use, this herb relieves pain, inflammation and stiffness.
It is useful in gout and Kapha imbalance disorders.
It is also used in treating rheumatoid arthritis.
It relieves bloating and abdominal pain.
It is usually administered after treatment of fever, to improve strength and immunity.
Ayurvedic medicine with Paederia foetida-
Prasarini Thailam – used in arthritis, sciatica etc.
Maha Narayan Oil – widely used pain relieving massage oil
Marma Gulika – used in disorders of heart, kidney etc.