Manjishta – Rubia cordifolia – benefits, usage, Dose, Side Effects

Manjishta is a famous herb for blood detoxifying. Is root is extensively used in many skin disease medicines of Ayurveda. It is called as Indian Madder in English. It is used in many oral Ayurvedic medicines and in Ayurvedic oils for skin conditions as well.

Manjishta - Rubia cordifolia

Botanical name – Rumbia cordifolia Linn.
Family – Rubiaceae
Bengali name – Manjishta
Gujarathi name, Hindi name – Manjeeth
Tamil name – Manjitti
Telugu name – tamravalli
Kannada name – Raktamanjishte
Malayalam name – Manjetti
Arabian name – Phuvva
Farsi name – Runas

Sanskrit synonyms:
Vikasa, Yojanavalli, Jingi, Samanga, Lohitalata, Bhandiri, Raktanga, Vastrabhushana, Kalameshi, Lata
Vastraranjini – it imparts red colour to cloth

Classical categorization:
Charaka samhita -
Jvarahara – herbs that relieve fever
Varnya – herbs that are good for skin, improves complexion
Vishaghna – anti toxic, anti poisonous herbs
Sushruta – Priyangvadi and Pittasamshamana (Pitta calming) group of herbs
Vagbhata – Priyangvadi group of herbs

Distribution – It is found in hilly areas of India. It is also cultivated in many places.

Rubia cordifolia medicinal qualities:
Guna (qualities) – Guru (Heavy to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Rasa – Tikta (bitter), Kashaya (astringent), Madhura (sweet)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency) – Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha – Kaphapittashamaka – Balances Kapha and Pitta
It is mainly Pittahara.
Because it mitigates Pitta, it is useful in diseases of the tissues where Pitta is involved. Such as skin (wounds, skin diseases) and eyes.

Manjishta - Rubia cordifolia

Svarakrut – improves voice
Varnakrut – improves skin complexion
Useful in the treatment of
Visha –toxic conditions, poisoning
Shotha – inflammatory conditions
Yoniruk – gynaecological disorders
Karnaruk – ear pain
Akshiruk – eye pain
Raktatisara – diarrhea with bleeding
Kushta – skin diseases
Asra – blood vitiation
Visarpa – Herpes, spreading skin disease
Vrana – injuries
Meha – diabetes and urinary tract disorders
Netramaya – eye disorders

Part used: Root

Dose
Powder – 1 – 3 grams
Kashaya – 20 – 50 ml in divided doses or as directed by Ayurvedic doctor

Home remedy with Rubia cordifolia –
Herbal face pack

Ayurvedic medicines with Manjishta:
Maha Manjishtadi Kashaya – used for skin diseases and for blood purification.
Kumkumadi oil- Famous oil for skin glow and quality improvement
Maharaja Prasarini Tailam – A peculiar oil used in neurological conditions, administered orally and also externally (massage).
Panchatikta Guggulu Ghrita – A ghee used in abscess, sinus treatment etc.

Indian madder side effects:
There are no known side effects. It can be used in children and lactating mothers in small quantities. Seek medical guidance for its use during pregnancy.

Dr JV Hebbar is an Ayurveda Doctor, Assistant Professor, From Mangalore, India. Click here to consult Dr Hebbar
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Comments

  1. how to use Varnya – improves complexion at home what is the hindi and sanskrit name of varnya

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, there are many herbs with the synonym Varnya. Manjishta, Sandalwood, turmeric are a few . You can make a paste with powder of Manjishta and apply it to the face, leave for 5 minutes and wash off.

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