Coriander seeds and leaves are part of Indian culinary since ages. It is used for therapeutic purposes as well. It is also famous by the name Cilantro seeds. Some people genuinely dislike coriander. Interestingly there is a genetic influence on this hatred.
Botanical name: Coriandrum sativum Linn.
In English, Coriander seeds are also known as Cilantro seeds
Hindi name: Dhaniya
Telugu name: Dhaniyalu
Bengali name: Dhane
Gujarati name: Dhana
Tamil name: Kottamalli
Kannada name: Kotthambari
Malayalam name: Malli/Kothambala/Kothambalari
Arabian name: Kubjar
Farsi name: kashneer
Dhanyaka – the seeds resemble grains (dhanya)
Chatra – the inflorescence resembles umbrella
Kustumburu – helps to relieve diseases. कुत्सितं रोगभयं तुम्बयति अर्दयति इत् ।
Vitunnaka – विगतं तुन्नं दु:खं अस्मात् । – helps to relieve agony, pain.
Veshanagra, Kunati, dhenaka
Hrudyagandha – has pleasant smell
Trushnaprashamana – herbs that relieve excessive thirst
Sheetaprashamana – herbs that relieve excessive cold
Sushruta and Vagbhata: Guduchyadi group of herbs.
Coriander seed and leaves – medicinal properties:
Rasa (taste) – kashaya (Astringent), Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oily)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura (sweet)
Veerya (potency) – Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha: Tridoshahara – it balances all the three Doshas.
Avrushya – does not have aphrodisiac property
Mutrala – diuretic, increases urine volume
Deepana – improves digestion strength
Jvaraghna – Useful in fever
Rochana – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Grahi – absorbant, useful in malabsorption syndrome and diarrhea
Daurgandhya nashana – helps to relieve bad odor (bad breath)
Hrudya – good for heart, cardiac tonic
Trushna – Excessive thirst
Daha – burning sensation
Vami – vomiting
Shwasa – Asthma, COPD, wheezing, breathing difficulty
Kasa – cough, cold
Arsha – haemorrhoids
Krumi – worm infestation
The wet / fresh variety is similar to the dry, it is especially useful in treating Pitta aggravation.
Part used: fruits, whole plant, leaves
Dose: Fruit powder – 3 – 6 grams
Cold infusion – 10– 30 ml per day or as directed by Ayurvedic doctor.
Ayurvedic medicines with coriander ingredient:
Chandraprabha Vati - useful in urinary tract diseases
Brahmi Vati - Used as brain tonic and memory booster
Kalyanagulam - used in liver and skin conditions
Modern research: Many animal studies have shown coriander seed’s benefits in controlling blood sugar and cholesterol levels. It is also a very good anti oxidant and resists build up of free radicals in the body.