Coriander Seed And Leaves Health Benefits – Complete Ayurveda Details

Coriander seeds and leaves are part of Indian culinary since ages. It is used for therapeutic purposes as well. It is also famous by the name Cilantro seeds. Some people genuinely dislike coriander. Interestingly there is a genetic influence on this hatred. 

Botanical name: Coriandrum sativum Linn.

NOMENCLATURE
Kingdome – Plantae
Division – Spermatophyta
Subdivision – Angiospermae
Class – Dicotyledonae
Subclass – Archichlamydeae
Order – Umbelliflorae
Family – Umblliferae
Genus – Coriandrum
Species – Sativum

In English, Coriander seeds are also known as Cilantro seeds
Family: Umbelliferae
Hindi name: Dhaniya
Telugu name: Dhaniyalu
Bengali name: Dhane
Gujarati name: Dhana
Tamil name: Kottamalli
Kannada name: Kotthambari
Malayalam name: Malli/Kothambala/Kothambalari
Arabian name: Kubjar, Kujwar
Farsi name: kashneer

Coriander leaves

Sanskrit synonyms:
Dhanyaka – the seeds resemble grains (dhanya)
Chatra – the inflorescence resembles umbrella
Kustumburu – helps to relieve diseases. कुत्सितं रोगभयं तुम्बयति अर्दयति इत् ।
Vitunnaka – विगतं तुन्नं दु:खं अस्मात् । – helps to relieve agony, pain.
Veshanagra, Kunati, dhenaka
Hrudyagandha – has pleasant smell
NIRUKTI – word derivations
According to leaves
सूक्ष्मपत्र – हृस्वानि पत्र यस्य। (Small leaves) (R.N)
According to flower
छत्र – छत्राकार पुष्पव्यूहत्वात् । (umbrella shaped inflorescences)(B.P)
छत्रधान्यम् – छत्राकार पुष्पव्यूहयुक्त धान्यम्।
(umbrella shaped inflorescences)(D.N)
According to seeds
धान्यबीज –धान्यवत् बीजमस्य। (seeds like cereals) (R.N)
धेनुक – दीयते इति।(used as drug) (B.P)
वितुन्नकम् – व्याधिनाशकत्वात् । (used as drug) (B.P)
शाकयोग्य – शाके प्रयुक्त: । (used as a vegetable) (R.N)
वेषनाग्र्य – वेषनेषु भोज्य संस्कारक द्रव्येषु श्रेष्ट: । (Importantly used as a spice) (K.N)
According to karma
हृद्यगन्ध –हृद्यो गन्धोऽस्य। (pleasant smell) (K.N)
सुगन्धि –शोभनो गन्धस्य । (pleasant smell) (R.N)

Classical categorization:
Charaka Sahmita:
Trushnaprashamana – herbs that relieve excessive thirst
Sheetaprashamana – herbs that relieve excessive cold
Sushruta and Vagbhata: Guduchyadi group of herbs.

Coriander powder

IN NIGHANTUS
Soushrutha Nighantu –Vidarighandadi gana
Dhanvantari Nighantu – Shatapushpadi varga
Raja Nighantu – Pippalyadi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu – Aoushadi varga
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Hareetakyadi vargas
Shaleegrama Nighantu – Hareetakyadi varga
Nighantu Adarsha – Jeerakadi varga
Priyanighntu – shatapushpadi varga

coriander seeds

Coriandrum sativum -chemical constituents:
β –Sitosterol, D – Maninitol, flavoid glycosides, coriandrinonediol, quercetin – 3 – 0 – caffeyl – glcosides, kaempferol 3 – glucoside, octadecenoic acid(seed), α- pinene, limonene, b-phellandrene, 1,8-cineole, linalool, borneol, b-caryophyllene, citronellol, geraniol, thymol, linalyl acetatae, caryophyllene oxide, elemol methylheptenone, seed oil- umbelliferone, scopoletin, (fruits), volatile flavors compounds, oxalic acids, vitamin c, carotene and calcium(leaves), chlorogenic and caffeic acids, rutin,tricosanol, psoralen, anagelicin, quercitin, aflatoxins, coriandrones C to E, butylphthalides-neoenidilide and Z-ligustilide

Coriander  seed and leaves – medicinal properties:
Rasa (taste) – kashaya (Astringent), Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oily)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura (sweet)
Veerya (potency) – Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha: Tridoshahara – it balances all the three Doshas.

Coriander health benefits:
Coriander benefits

Coriander is
Avrushya – does not have aphrodisiac property
Mutrala – diuretic, increases urine volume
Deepana – improves digestion strength
Jvaraghna – Useful in fever
Rochana – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Grahi – absorbant, useful in malabsorption syndrome and diarrhea
Daurgandhya nashana – helps to relieve bad odor (bad breath)
Hrudya – good for heart, cardiac tonic
Useful in
Trushna – Excessive thirst
Daha – burning sensation
Vami – vomiting
Shwasa – Asthma, COPD, wheezing, breathing difficulty
Kasa – cough, cold
Arsha – haemorrhoids
Krumi – worm infestation

The wet / fresh variety is similar to the dry, it is especially useful in treating Pitta aggravation.

Part used: fruits, whole plant, leaves
Dose: Fruit powder – 3 – 6 grams
Cold infusion – 10– 30 ml per day or as directed by Ayurvedic doctor.

Ayurvedic medicines with coriander ingredient:
Chandraprabha Vati – useful in urinary tract diseases
Brahmi Vati – Used as brain tonic and memory booster
Kalyanagulam – used in liver and skin conditions
Kankayan Vati –  used in hemorrhoids treatment.

Coriander home remedy: Easy to prepare coriander drink for fever

Modern research: Many animal studies have shown coriander seed’s benefits in controlling blood sugar and cholesterol levels. It is also a very good anti oxidant and resists build up of free radicals in the body.

Ayurvedic medicines with coriander as mentioned in Charaka Samhita –
Saindhvadi churna – used in Kshata ksheena – Chi/Kshatakseena Chikitsa
Chitrakadi grutha – Shotha – Chi/Swayathuchikitsa
Dadimadi gritha – Gulma, Pleeharoga, Pandu – Chi/Pandurogachikitsa
Agruvadyataila – Jwara – Chi/Jwarachikitsa
Trayushanadi grutham – Gulma – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Hingu sovarchaladi grutha – Gulma – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Pippalyadi Gruhtam – Gulma – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Hinguvadi gutika – Admana, Shoola, Gulma, Pandu – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Shatyadi churna – Gulma – Chi/Gulmachikitsa

Ayurvedic medicines with coriander as mentioned in Sushruta Samhita –
Hinguvadigudika – Admana, Shoola, Gulma, Pandu – Chi/Vatavyadi 

Ayurvedic medicines with coriander as mentioned in Ashtanga Hrudayam –
Hinguvadi churna – Admana, Shula, Gulma, Pandu  – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Dadimashtaka Churna – Atisara – Chi/Atisarachikitsa
Pootikaranja Churna – Arsha – Chi/Arshachikitsa
Yavanyadi Churna – Rajayakshma – Chi/Rajayakshmachikitsa
Kushmanda Rasayana – Kasa, Swasa, Kshaya – Chi/Kasachikitsa

Ayurvedic medicines with coriander as mentioned in Bhaishajya Ratnavali –
Dhanyakadi Hima – Daha – Raktapitta chikitsa
Dhanyagokshura Gritam – Mootravata – Mootravata chikitsa
Dhanyanagaradi kwatha – Jwaratisara – Jwaratisara chikitsa
Dhanya shunti – Jwaratisara – Jwaratisara Chikitsa 

Ayurvedic medicines with coriander as mentioned in Sharangdhara Samhita –
Dhanyaka panchaka kwatha – Amatisara – Amatisaraprakarana
Guduchyadikwatha – Jwara, Raktavata – Sarvajwaraprakarana
Abhayarishta – Arshas

 Medicinal usage of coriander in different disorders –

Fever

  • The cold infusion of Dhanyaka mixed with sugar and taken in morning alleviates even severe burning sensation immediately.(V.M 1-101)
  • Decoction of Dhanyaka  and Patola acts as appetizer , expectorant, carminative of Pitta and Vata, antipyretic, digestive and purgative.(V.M 1-130)
  • In order to improve the digestive fire, one suffering from fevers should yake water processed with Dhanyaka 2 parts and Shunti one part(V.D 1-7)
  • Decoction or Dhanyaka and Shunti, added with lemon juice and Sugar is useful in fever of autumn.(S.B 4-23)

Diarrhoea

  • Decoction of Dhanyaka, Balaka, Shunti, and Bilva alleviates ama shoola,  constipation. this is digestive and appetizer also.(V.M 3-21)
  • Ghee processed with 4 time of water and Dhanyaka paste should be given in diarrhoea caused by Paittika and associated with pain it is also appetizer and digestive.(B.A Atisara 91)
  • Water processed with Dhanyaka and Balaka should be given to those suffering from thirst burning sensation and diarrhoea. (Bp.Chi 2-14)

Indigestion
Water processed with Dhanyaka and Shunti alleviates indigestion caused by Ama and it is diuretic also.(V.M 6-21)

Piles
The physician should prescribe water processed with Kantakari or Shunti and Dhanyaka acts as carminative of wind and stool.(C.S.Chi 2-14)

Gulma
One should take water boiled with Dhanyaka.(A.H.Chi 14-60)

Vomiting
Dhanyaka pounded and mixed with sour and salt is useful in vomiting.(S.S.U49-30)
Powder consisting of Dhanyaka, Ativisha, Kantaka srungi and Gaja pippali should be taken with honey in vomiting, diarrhea of children.(B.A Balaraoga 49-30)

Thirst
Dhanyaka Hima (S.G 2-4-7)
In thirst emerging as a complication in other diseases cold infision of Dhanyaka with honey and sugar is useful

Amavata – Rheumatoid arthritis
Decoction of Dhanyaka and shunti is digestive and appetizer, in combination with Eranda root it removes pain of Amavata.(S.G 2-2-65)

Vatarakta – Gout
Dhanyaka 10 gm and Jeeraka 20 gm cooked with Jaggery should be given to eat the patient of Vatarakta.(H.S 3-23-10)

Cough and asthma in children
Dhanyaka mixed with sugar should be given with rice water in treatment of Asthma and cough of children.(B.A Balaroga.60)

How to take coriander seed for diabetes:
a teaspoon of coriander seed can be soaked in a cup of water, kept over night. Next day morning, that water can be drunk, before food.
Other than this, one can consume up to 2 – 3 grams of powder, by using in in your dishes or as it is, swallowing the powder with water.

Dr JV Hebbar B.A.M.S, MD (Ayu), is an Ayurveda Doctor. Click here to consult Dr Hebbar
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Comments

  1. ! So informative. very good information.

  2. Is it better to add coriander powder with food at the beginning of cooking (with the ‘tadka’ or oil+spices mix? Or is it better to add it after cooking the vegetable so that it remains mostly uncooked / unheated?

  3. excellent information of a very common kitchen product. A simple herb and so many uses and benefits. Thanks Dr.Hebber for compiling and sharing the information. God Bless

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