Fennel Seed Health Benefits, Dose, How To Use – Ayurveda Details

Fennel Seed is an ancient Indian spice. Usually spices are hot in nature and are not soothing to stomach. But fennel seed is an exception to this rule.It is sweet and slightly bitter in nature. It is the spice of choice to chew after food. Usually given at the end of dinner in every Indian hotel.

Botanical name: Foeniculum vulgare
Family: Umbelliferae
Punjabi, Hindi name: Sounf
Tamil name: Soumbu
Bengali name: Mauri
Marathi name: Badi Shep
Gujarathi name: Variyali
Telugu name: Sopu
Kannada name – Badisopu
Malayalam Name:  Perum jeerakam
Arabbian name: Rajiyanaj
Farsi name: Rajiyan

Sanskrit synonyms: Mishi, Madhurika, Madhura

Classical categorization:
Charaka – Madhuraskandha – Sweet tasting group of herbs

Medicinal qualities:
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oily)
Rasa (taste) – Madhura (sweet), Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura (sweet)
Veerya (potency) – Ushna – hot in potency.
Effect on Tridosha: Balances Vata and Kapha.

Fennel seed benefits:

Fennel seed benefits - Ayurveda

Durnama Kshayajit – useful in chronic respiratory conditions leading to emaciation. (as in tuberculosis).
Kshataksheenahita – useful in people with injuries
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Pittasradoshajit – useful in bleeding disorders of Pitta origin
Agnikrut – improves digestion strength
Hrudya – good for heart, cardiac tonic
Shukrapaha, Avrushya – It is not an aphrodisiac
Yonishoolanut – useful in relieving pain arising from female reproductive system
Useful in
Krumi – worm infestation
Baddhavit – constipation
Anila – Vata disorders
Daha – burning sensation
Aruchi – Anorexia, lack of interest in food
Chardi – vomiting
Kasa – cough, cold

Part used: Fruits, fruit oil and root

Ayurvedic medicines with fennel –
Abhayarishta – used to relieve constipation and piles
Brahmi Vati – used to improve intelligence and memory
Panchatikta Guggulu ghrita – used in abscess, sinuses etc.

Fennel side effects:
Two of the Ayurvedic text books mention it as Avrushya – hence it is not ideal for people undergoing aphrodisiac therapy. It may decrease sexual interest or performance.
It is safe to use in children, pregnant and lactating mothers.

Fennel seeds for dry mouth and excess thirst:
Fennel seeds consist of flavonoids. These will stimulate the flow of saliva and hence get rid of dry mouth.
Fennel seeds have aromatic flavour. This helps combating the bad breath which often accompanies dry mouth
You can munch these seeds many times in a day
You can also mix equal amount of fenugreek seeds with it and dry roast them in a pan. Grind them and add a little salt. Eat ¼ – ½ teaspoon of this mixture after each meal

Subscribe and get Dr Hebbar's ebook "Blueprint For A Healthy Lifestyle" for free

The product links are affiliate. Do not follow given advice, without consulting your doctor.


  1. I take saunf after every meal & it has helped a lot in digestion issues. Didn’t knew this much information about this.

    Sir, would like to know more about various herbs(herbs used in the daily chores) but can you index them with the link as we have to find everything by searching.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      I will cover all the herbs in a few months. Yes, indexing is also a good idea. I will definitely consider it.

      • Thanks for the reply

      • Why do you not give the Keralyan/Malayalam name of the herbs Doctor. Afterall, Kerala has the most authentic practice of Ayurveda and should be included. !
        Emmett Walsh
        Medical Herbalist/ Physician

        • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

          Hi, thanks for the suggestion. I have just included it in the article.
          I try my best to include as many vernacular names as possible.
          Authentic practice of Ayurveda is not just limited to Kerala.

  2. Bt as per my knowledge.the too much intake is not good for girls health nd the potency us cold..as per article…is dat really true abt ghe effectiveness of d fennel

  3. If the Veerya (potency) is Ushna (hot in potency), how is it cooling? could you comment please.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Thanks for pointing out. Corrected.
      It is hot in potency, but not as hot as other spices to cause stomach irritation.

  4. Can it stop my severe constipation ?
    Every time when I consume chicken I get this constipation problem, next morning when I go to take dump I have to make uhhhh gurhhhh noises , to force out 2-4 poop blocks. And it’s embarrassing.
    Can it make my poop semi liquid ?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      It is not a strong purgative to make the poop semisolid but it will definitely help in constipation.

  5. is shatpushpa known as fennel?

Your comment