Gotu Kola Health Benefits, Uses, Dose, Side Effects – Ayurveda Details

Gotu Kola is an ancient Indian herb, used both for culinary and therapeutic purposes. It is called as Mandukaparni in Sanskrit. But it is also used in the name of Brahmi. It belongs to Apiaceae family. Botanical name: Centella asiatica. 

Gotu Kola

Hindi name: Bengsag, Brahmi
Bengali name: Thulkudi

Telugu name: Sarasvathy Aku
Tamil name: Vallari Kirai
Marathi name: Karivan, Karivana
Gujarathi name: Khanda Brahmi
Kannada name: Ondelaga soppu

Gotu Kola

Gotu Kola – Centella asiatica

Sanskrit Synonyms:
Mandukaparni – leaves resemble shape of frog
Manduki – available in moist places, similar to frogs
Sarasvati – found in watery – moist places, improves intelligence.

Classical categorization:
Charaka Samhita
Vayasthapana – Group of herbs that are used for anti aging treatment
Tiktaskandha – Bitter tasting group of herbs
Prajasthapana – Useful to protect pregnancy.
Sushruta Samhita
Titkavarga – Bitter tasting group of herbs.

Mandukparni medicinal qualities:
Rasa (Taste): Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities): Laghu (light to digest)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion): Madhura (sweet)
Veerya (potency): Sheeta (cold)
Effect on Tridosha: Balances Kapha and Pitta.
Prabhava (special effect): Medhya – improves intelligence

Gotu Kola Ayurveda uses and benefits:
Gotu Kola Ayurveda Details

It is used extensively as Rasayana – anti aging, rejuvenative.
It improves
Bala- strength
Varna – skin quality
Svara – voice strength
Agni – digestive power
Medhya – improves intelligence
It is useful in
Raktapitta – bleeding disorders like menorrhagia, nasal bleeding, bleeding per rectum etc.
Hrudya – good for heart, cardiac tonic
Kushta – skin diseases
Meha – Prameha – diabetes, urinary tract disorders
Jwara – Fever
Shwasa – Asthma, COPD, wheezing, breathing difficulty
Kasa – cough, cold
Aruchi – Anorexia, lack of interest in taking food
Smrutiprada – improves memory
Vishahara – Useful in treating poisoning
Shothahara – relieves inflammation

In Thailand Gotu Kola is used in detoxification of Opium poisoning. For this purpose, Gotu Kola paste or water decoction in higher doses is administered for a period of few months.

Part used: : Whole plant
Dosage: Gotu Kola juice extract: 10 – 30 ml,
Powder – 3 – 6 grams.
Gotu kola extract is used in a dose of 60 – 180 mg to relieve venous insufficiency (to improve blood circulation)

Gotu Kola side effects:
Its over-dosage may cause drowsiness. Hence, people taking sedatives (to aid sleep), if they take Gotu Kola, may feel excessively sleep. Hence, if you are using Gotu Kola regularly, then consider consulting your doctor for reduction in sedatives dosage.
It is considered safe during pregnancy and lactation. But it is best to use this herb under medical supervision.

How to use Gotu Kola?  Fresh juice extract of the green Gotu Kola leaves is used in Ayurveda. Gotu kola leaves are also used in many Indian Chutneys. Its dry herb powder is also used. Nowadays, tablets and capsules of Gotu kola is also available. Gotu Kola can be given to children, and elderly.

As per Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 1.3, regular intake of 5 – 10 ml of juice extract of Gotu Kola is explained as an excellent brain tonic and rejuvnator – Medhya Rasayana.

Recent research on Gotu Kola benefits –   Gotu kola is an effective herb against depression. Gotu Kola is rich in anti oxidants  like superoxide desmutase. reference Gotu Kola is known to have healing effect over of gastric ulcers.

Ayurvedic medicine with Gotukola as ingredient:
As mentioned previously, it is often used in place of Brahmi.
It is an ingredient of
Karimbirumbadi Kashayam – used in jaundice, anorexia etc.
Brihat Guduchi Taila – used in gout, arthritis etc.

Gotu Kola for powder massage:
Gotu Kola is used as an ingredient for Udvartana, also known as ubtan / powder massage. Powder massage with this is useful in treating obesity, to improve local blood circulation and to improve muscle tone and complexion. 

Dr JV Hebbar B.A.M.S, MD (Ayu), is an Ayurveda Doctor. Click here to consult Dr Hebbar
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  1. Can you also write article on Bacopa monnieri?


  2. Hello DR.

    Nice article. I was giving my son brahmi rasayan, he is 15 months. Can you let me know the dosage

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Thanks. The general dose for kids is just one teaspoon in the morning or at night. It depends on doctor’s analysis and prescription.
      Read more about Brahmi Rasayan

  3. OM PRAKASH says:

    Hello Dr.HEBBARJI,

    Thank you for the article reg. GOTU KOLA.
    We are having the plant in our compound, can we have a leaf per head daily?


  4. Hello doctor,
    Thank for the information about this herb.
    But the issue is this herb Centella asiatica, indian pennywort, gotu kola, hydrocotyl asiatica, brahma booti is also known as Brahmi (bacopa is also known as brahmi). Many indian phamacies uses this herb as Brahmi or use Bacopa monneri as Brahmi. I am from gujarat where they call this herb as brahmi. I have inattentive addult adhd w/o hyperactivity and/or w/o impulsiveness with GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder). I was taking Mandukaparni by Himalaya before 3 years with the dosage of 2 capsules twice a day and it was wonderfull which was helping with my most symptoms including anxiety. But before 3 years they discontinued it due to vast demand of gotu kola outside of India. With my case brahmi (bacopa monneri) is not helping at all. Now in india brahmi is shared name which is used for both this mandukaparni and bacopa.
    Sir I want you to help me with this. Do you know which pharmacy uses this gotu kola as brahmi for their capsules and/or sigle herb tablets?
    Can I get brahmi extracts from pharmacies of Gujarat ? Please let me know company name which perticullary use this gotu kola as Brahmi not bacopa monneri
    Thanks a lot in advance doctor.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi Manav, If you had so much benefits with Gotu Kola, you can easily grow it in a pot. Only thing is, it requires continuous watering.
      As per my knowledge, Organic India sells Gotu Kola in the name of Brahmi

      • Hello,
        Thank you Doctor. By the way I have had 2 keloids since my childhood, and after taking mandukaparni of himalaya 250 mg extracts 2 capsules twice a day for my ADD, I relalized after a month that one of my keloid has completely been disappeared/dissolved, which was such a wonder for me!
        Anyways doctor thank you once again. I will buy Organic India Brahmi (350 mg) capsules, How many should i’ve to take as it’s not extracts but organic herb powder in compare to Himalaya madukaparni which was 250 mg extracts per capsule?
        And i have planned to grow gotu kola at my home, i bought already from nursory they call it brahmi here.
        Thank you sir,

        • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

          Hi, If you have found benefits with Himala Mandukaparni, then do not change it to Organic India Brahmi. Please continue with Mandukaparni itself.

          • Hello Doctor

            I’m using this to get benefit of rejuvenate and sexual dysfunction. It is working as a very good erector too. Hope you will agree with my points. Before go to bed i take a small amount of cut leaf stored in my refrigerator. If any side effect if i take continuously, Kindly let me know.


          • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

            Hi, there are no known side effect with its long term usage.

  5. Hello doctor,

    Very informative site. Thank you for sharing all this information. Can you please tell me if it is okay to have 30ml of Brahmi juice on a daily basis – for general health? Or should it be taken thrice a week? My uric acid level is a bit high and I have just started medication for the same. Other than that health is mostly okay, but I am slightly anemic. Am taking iron supplements for the same.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      As a general supplement, for a healthy person, I would suggest to take only 5 ml of Brahmi Juice extract once or twice a day. I presume you have consulted a doctor for the rest of your health issues. Regards.

  6. Can gotu kola powder be taken with milk? If this is taken in morning, how much maximum dose is best to avoid drowsy effect?

    Does it aggravate Vata?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      a 500 mg capsule in the morning or 1 gram of root powder, along with milk in the morning should not produce any sedative effect. It does not aggravate Vata.

  7. Does it have any fatigue effect too along with sedative effect?

  8. Hello Dr. Hebber .
    How much jala brahmi should consume in daily use? can i use jala brahmi in green chatany with spear mint ,bettle leaves, curry leaves coriender

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Just to clear confusion, jala brahmi is commonly used to indicate brahmi and ondelaga is commonly used term for both kola. An average of one teaspoon of ujala brahmi can be used on a daily basis to make chatney. You can make the chutney with the above said combination. No problem.

  9. john :
    hello doctor .. can i take gotu kola lehiyam continuously for 3 years ? if so please tell the dosage for me . iam 24 . thanks in advance :)

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      You can take it for 2 months in a dose of a teaspoon in the morning, before food, with a little milk.

  10. Sir some one suggested me to take gotu kula one tea spoon twice day ( dried leave powder in sunlight ) for my stammering is it really useful in it? and the dose is ok? and when take? and with which? Plz guide me

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, yes, it helps to some extent.

      • Dr. I bought organic India Bramhi – Goto Kola and its 350 mg. How many capsules I should take? . On the bottle says one capsule once a day but that dose seems low but I donot know much about it.. I want to take for depression, energy , mental clarity ( for brain fog) over all well being. Is this herb best yo taken morning or at night or both with food or without on empty stomach?. Does this herb makes you drowsy ?. Also I would like to know if I use the for long term.
        Also will it help ringing in the ears ? I have loud ringing in high ears and have Eutain tubes dysfuction and I am postmenopausal in late 50′.

        • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

          Hi, it can be taken – one capsule at night after food. For the rest of your health complaints, please consult an Ayurveda doctor directly.

  11. Charlotte says:

    Doctor, I have read that Kotu Kola may help fatigue. I have Sjogren’s Syndrome and my most debilitating symptom is extreme fatigue. I am desperate for natural/herbal remedy to help me get through the day at work and somehow have my social life back. Could Kotu Kola help or are there other herbs that could help with fatigue caused by an auto-immune disease such as mine?

    I do work closely with my rheumatologist and am on an ideal diet, get enough sleep, and am exercising for a half hour every day. Even so, my fatigue is still extreme and I am searching for anything that could help. Thank you so much for your time.

  12. Doc i,am,curiois,to know if brahmi ghrita can really cure mental disorders and is it practically seen in todays world dat it can really cure insanity?? Or its just written in ayurvedic texts only?? Is it a myth or reality?

  13. Thank you sir. Your website has been very helpful.

    Will this helps in varicocele?

    Medication for varicose veins and varicocele, is it same? If not please write an article on varicocele.

  14. Goto Kola -is it best taken in the morning 2 cap after food or 2 after dinner OR should be taken 1 capsule twice a day after food for long term Or 1 capsule once a day morning or evening?. [organinc india 350mg per capsule]
    How often one should take a break from herb and how long the break should be?.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      It depends on the purpose, age and condition of the patient. Usual dose is – 2 capsules per day.
      If someone is seeking calm mind and good sleep, it makes sense to take one or two capsules at night. Because Gotu Kola is commonly used as a leafy vegetable in many parts of India, it is considered very safe. Hence it can be used for longer periods of 3 – 4 months and continued after a month’s break.

  15. Does Goto kola help with thyriod like T3 , TSH , and Antibodies if so how many MG a day . Morning or evening with food without food ?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Yes, in a dose of 1 capsule twice a day ( 1 capsule ~350 mg) But this may not be effective as a single herb medicine. a combination of other emdicines along with it might be required.

  16. Can I take Goto Kola while on birth control pills?. Does it increase or decrease any type of harmones for female and males?.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      There are not many research studies conducted in this regard. But still it is safe to take while on birth control pills.

  17. DR. how many mg of goto kola should I take or in tsp} 1/4 tsp or more a day for long term for adreanals , spider veins,vericos veins and ringing in the ears.Is it better to take Am or Pm with food or wothout.Thank you

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, considering your health issues, it is best to consult an Ayurveda doctor directly. You can use half a teaspoon of gotu kola along with ghee and hot water, once a day, in the morning, 20 minutes before food for 2 months time.

  18. I read that it is also used as one of the ingredients for preparation of udvartana powder.
    Pls provide some information about the benefits of this in udvartana

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Yes, Gotu Kola is used as an ingredient for Udvartana. Powder massage with this is useful in treating obesity, to improve local blood circulation and to improve muscle tone and complexion.

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