Jamun is a very important Ayurvedic herb. Jamun seeds are mainly used in Ayurveda treatment. Among other things, it is especially beneficial in controlling blood sugar levels in diabetics. India was previously called as Jambudveepa. An Island where Jambu trees are abundant. Its botanical name is Syzigium cumini or Eugenia jambolana or Myrtus cumini. It belongs to Myrtaceae. It is also known as Jamoon and Jambul.
Hindi name: Jamun, Jambul
English name: Jamun, Jamoon
Bengali name: Kala Jam
Punjabi name: Jamalu
Telugu name: Neredu Chettu
Tamil nameL Saval naval
Malayalam name: Naval
Kannada name: Nerale
Mahaphala, Kokileshta, Pikabhaksha, Phalendra, Surabhipatra, Jambava, Mahaskandha
Mutrasangrahaniya – Group of herbs that cause urine retention
Pureeshavirajaneeya – Group of herbs that are used to restore normal colour of faeces
Chardinigrahana – Group of herbs that are used to treat vomiting
Sushruta and Vagbhata – Nyagrodhadi Group of herbs.
Medicinal qualities of Jamun
Rasa (Taste) – Kashaya (astringent), Madhura (sweet), Amla (sour)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency) – Sheeta (cold)
Effect on Tridosha – It increases Vata but balances Kapha and Pitta.
Grahi – absorbant, useful in malabsorption syndrome and diarrhea
Vatakara – increases Vata
Shramahara – relieves tiredness
Pittahara, Dahahara – balances Pitta and its symptoms like burning sensation.
Kantarti hara – relieves throat pain
Shosha – Emaciation
Krimi – worm infestation, infection
Shwasa – Asthma, COPD, wheezing, breathing difficulty
Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery
Kasa – cough, cold
Vishtambhini – causes constipation, useful in diarrhea and dysentery
Rochana – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Pachani – Improves digestion.
कषायमधुरप्रायं गुरु विष्टम्भि शीतलम्|
जाम्बवं कफपित्तघ्नं ग्राहि वातकरं परम्||१४०||
kaṣāyamadhuraprāyaṃ guru viṣṭambhi śītalam|
jāmbavaṃ kaphapittaghnaṃ grāhi vātakaraṃ param||140|| – Charaka Sutrasthana 27
Madhura – sweet
Kashaya – slightly astringent,
Guru – heavy
Vishtambhi – producer of wind in abdomen, causes bloating
Sheetala – coolant
balances Kapha and Pitta,
Grahi – absorbant, bowel binding
Vatakara – aggravator of Vata.
Part used: Fruit, seed, leaf, stem bark.
Fresh juice – 10 – 20 ml
Powder – 3- 6 grams in divided dose per day.
Overall, with the word jamun, you need to remember two main usage:
2. Astringent and styptic, hence used in quick wound healing, in diarrhoea, menorrhagia etc where the bleeding or extra flow needs to be stopped.
Ayurvedic medicines with Jambul as ingredient:
Puhsyanuga Churna- A powerful herbal powder, used in menstrual disorders.
Musli Khadiradi Kashayam – Another useful medicine for gynaecological disorders.
Ushirasav- Used in bleeding disorders, UTI etc.