Jamun Benefits, Usage, Dose, Side Effects – Complete Ayurveda Details

Jamun is a very important Ayurvedic herb. Jamun seeds are mainly used in Ayurveda treatment. Among other things, it is especially beneficial in controlling blood sugar levels in diabetics. India was previously called as Jambudveepa. An Island where Jambu trees are abundant. Its botanical name is Syzigium cumini or Eugenia jambolana or Myrtus cumini. It belongs to Myrtaceae. It is also known as Jamoon and Jambul. 

Jambolan plum isolate

Hindi name: Jamun, Jambul
English name: Jamun, Jamoon
Bengali name: Kala Jam
Punjabi name: Jamalu
Telugu name: Neredu Chettu
Tamil nameL Saval naval
Malayalam name: Naval
Kannada name: Nerale

Sanskrit synonyms:
Mahaphala, Kokileshta, Pikabhaksha, Phalendra, Surabhipatra, Jambava, Mahaskandha

Classical categorization:
Charaka Samhita
Mutrasangrahaniya – Group of herbs that cause urine retention
Pureeshavirajaneeya – Group of herbs that are used to restore normal colour of faeces
Chardinigrahana – Group of herbs that are used to treat vomiting
Sushruta and Vagbhata – Nyagrodhadi Group of herbs.

Medicinal qualities of Jamun
Rasa (Taste) – Kashaya (astringent), Madhura (sweet), Amla (sour)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency) – Sheeta (cold)
Effect on Tridosha – It increases Vata but balances Kapha and Pitta.

 Jamun uses:Jamun uses

Grahi – absorbant, useful in malabsorption syndrome and diarrhea
Vatakara – increases Vata
Shramahara – relieves tiredness
Pittahara, Dahahara – balances Pitta and its symptoms like burning sensation.
Kantarti hara – relieves throat pain
Useful in
Shosha – Emaciation
Krimi – worm infestation, infection
Shwasa – Asthma, COPD, wheezing, breathing difficulty
Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery
Kasa – cough, cold
Vishtambhini – causes constipation, useful in diarrhea and dysentery
Rochana – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Pachani – Improves digestion.

कषायमधुरप्रायं गुरु विष्टम्भि शीतलम्|
जाम्बवं कफपित्तघ्नं ग्राहि वातकरं परम्||१४०||
kaṣāyamadhuraprāyaṃ guru viṣṭambhi śītalam|
jāmbavaṃ kaphapittaghnaṃ grāhi vātakaraṃ param||140|| – Charaka Sutrasthana 27
Madhura – sweet
Kashaya – slightly astringent,
Guru – heavy
Vishtambhi – producer of wind in abdomen, causes bloating
Sheetala – coolant
balances  Kapha and Pitta,
Grahi – absorbant, bowel binding
Vatakara – aggravator of Vata.

Part used: Fruit, seed, leaf, stem bark.
Fresh juice – 10 – 20 ml
Powder – 3- 6 grams in divided dose per day.

Overall, with the word jamun, you need to remember two main usage:
1. Diabetes.
2. Astringent and styptic, hence used in quick wound healing, in diarrhoea, menorrhagia etc where the bleeding or extra flow needs to be stopped.

Ayurvedic medicines with Jambul as ingredient:
Puhsyanuga Churna- A powerful herbal powder, used in menstrual disorders.

Musli Khadiradi Kashayam – Another useful medicine for gynaecological disorders.

Ushirasav- Used in bleeding disorders, UTI etc.

Dr JV Hebbar B.A.M.S, MD (Ayu), is an Ayurveda Doctor. Click here to consult Dr Hebbar
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  1. Sir can many Jamun fruits be eaten in a day, or is large consumption not advised according to ayurveda?? i just checked my copy of sushruta samhita and the best fruits listed in it were Amalaki, Kharjura, pomegranate, Grapes, besides lesser known fruits
    like Parushaka, rajadana and matulunga. Can other popular fruits like musambi, orange, jujube, jamun, lemon, kokum,etc also be considered among the best?? Also why ‘best fruits’ like parushaka, rajadana and matulunga are unknown to indians now??

    Also I’m having doubts with respect to badari fruit or jujube. There are 2 fruit trees listed in wikipedia. Ziziphus mauritiana and Ziziphus zizyphus. Are they referred to as kola and badari in sanskrit?? Could you write articles on these 2 trees with names in sanskrit and local languages and ayurvedic properties??

    Big thanks.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      I think, for a healthy person there is no harm in eating around 5 – 10 Jamuns per day..? We used to eat many Jamuns during our school days and I do not remember of any illness due to that.
      Musambi, orange, jujube, etc – they are also very good. They were not very famous in ancient times, may be due to lack of abundant availability.
      Why Parushaka, Rajadana etc are not known these days..? Time has wiped them out of our memory :) what can I say.
      Badara is commonly known as Z. Zizyphus. Z. mauritiana is listed as synonym of Z. z. in the USDA website.
      Both are used in the name of Badara. Badara and Kola are synonymous terms.

      Ayurveda enthusiasts like you are making me to raise the bar from one article to another. so, big thanks to you.

      • Yes both badara and kola seem to be synonyms. Wonder why they are listed under 2 names in ayurvedic texts. Also Matulunga, Parushaka and Rajadana still seem to be present in India and are not extinct. But nobody is eating their fruits nowadays :D

        • Aanchal says:

          I have constipation problem. So can I have jamun and jamun seeds powder.

          • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

            Hi, Better to go with something like Triphala Churna – one teaspoon at night, after food with lukewarm water. Avoid this remedy during pregnancy.
            Or consult your Ayurveda doctor personally.

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