Bibhitaki, also known as Baheda in Hindi, is one among three fruits of Triphala. Its actual Sanskrit name is Vibheetaki. Bheeta means, fear. Vibheeta means lack of fear and Vibhitaki means the fruit that takes away the fear of disease. But in Hindi, they usually pronounce ‘va’ as ‘ba’. So the name Bibhitaki. Its botanical name is Terminalia bellirica / bellerica.
English name: Belleric myrobalan / Belliric myrobalan
Telugu name: Tanikaya, Taani
Tamil name: Akkam, Todikai, Thanakkai, Tanri, tanrikkai, Tani
Bengali name: baida
Arabic name: baleelaj
Farsi name: Baleel
Malayalam, Hindi, Gujarati name: Baheda
Kannada name: Shanti kayi, Tare Kayi
Hindi name: Baheda, Bahera
Karshaphala – the fruit, which is the used part weights around 10 – 12 grams
Aksha phala – the fruit weighs 10 – 12 grams, the fruit is used to play a kind of betting game.
kalidruma – Because it is used in playing a betting game, it causes tensions (kalaha). So, the tree which causes Kalaha is Kaidruma. (Druma means tree).
It is a tree that grows up to a height of 60 – 80 feet. The fruit resembles Haritaki fruit but it does not contain the ridges. Its surface is quite plain.
Availability: The tree is found almost in all parts of India, in lower parts of hills.
Jwarahara – group of herbs that are used in the treatment of fever.
Kasahara – group of herbs that are ued in the treatment of cough and cold
Virechanopaga – group of herbs that are used in Virechana – Purgation therapy (Panchakarma).
Charaka has mentioned it as a plant source for oil. (Reference)
Sushruta and Vagbhata – Mustadi group of herbs.
Terminalia bellirica – medicinal uses:
Rasa (Taste) – Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna (qualities) – Rooksha (dry), Laghu (light to digest)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura (sweet)
Veerya (potency) – Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Pitta.
Baheda – therapeutic uses:
Bhedanam – Eases motion, has laxative action. This is why Triphala is used as mild laxative.
Kasanashanam – relieves cough, cold
Netrahitam – good for eyes
Keshya – improves hair quality and promotes hair growth.
Kruminashanana – relieves worm infestation
Vaisvaryanashana – relieves hoarseness of voice
Bibhitaki detoxifies blood, lymph, muscles and fatty tissue of the body.
The seed kernel of Vibhitaki is useful in
Trut – excessive thirst,
Chardi – vomiting
It balances Kapha and Vata. It is astringent in taste and causes slight drowsiness. Amla seed is quite similar in qualities
Part used: Fruit rind, seed, seed kernel.
Dosage: 3 – 6 grams in divided dose, or as advised by Ayurvedic doctor.
Important Ayurvedic medicine:
All medicines with Triphala contain Bibhitaki. Eg: Triphala ghrita, Triphaladi Taila etc.
Oil of Vibhitaki –
आक्षं स्वादु हिमं केश्यं गुरू पित्तानिलापहम् । – Ashtanga Hrudaya Sutrasthana 5/60
Aksha Taila – oil obtained from seeds of Vibhitaka is sweet, cold in potency good for the hair, hard to digest, mitigates Pitta and Anila (Vata).
Sura of Bibhitak (beer) is not very intoxicating, is easy to digest, good for health; not so harmful, (as other wines) in wounds, anaemia, and leprosy and other skin diseases.