Aragvadha is an ancient Indian herb, widely used in the treatment of skin diseases and in constipation. Its botanical name is Cassia fistula and it belongs to Caesalpinioideae family. It is a tree that grows up to 25 – 30 feet.
Hindi name – Amaltas
English aname – Purging cassia – because it causes purgation.
Telugu name – Rela
Tamil Name – Kondrem
Kannada name – Phalus
Malayalam name – Kanikonna
Marathi name – Bahva
Gujarathi name – Garmalo
Bengali name – Sondal
Punjabi name – Girdanali
Farsi – Khiyar
Aragwadha –Helps to destroy diseases
Rajavruksha – big, good looking, king size tree
Shampaka – auspicious
Chaturangula – having four finger length fruits
Arevata – detoxifying
Suvarnaka – having good colour, gives good color to the body.
Deerghaphala – long fruits
Svarnabhushana – golden yellow coloured flowers
Aragwadha Medicinal qualities:
Guna (qualities) – Mrudu (soft), Guru (heavy to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oily)
Rasa (taste) – Madhura (sweet)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura (sweet)
Veerya (potency) – Sheeta (cold)
Effect on Tridosha – balances Kapha and Pitta.
Prabhava (special effect) – Sramsana – causes mild purgation
Of all the herbs that are useful in bringing about mild purgation, Aragvadha is the best.
It is useful in
Jvara – fever
Hrudroga- Cardiac disorder
Pittasra – bleeding disorders
Vata udavarta – bloating
Shula – abdominal colic pain
Aragwadha is continuously indicated throughout the course of treatment for fever. It helps to relieve Ama and detoxifies the digestive tract.
Because of its mild purgation action, it can be used in elderly people and sensitive people.
Antibacterial and antifungal activities
Cassia fistula Side effects:
In a large dose, it may cause heavy purgation.
It is not indicated in diarrhea.
Part used: fruit rind, root bark, flower, leaves.
Ayurvedic medicines with Aragvadha ingredient –
Manasamitra vatakam – useful in neuro-psychiatric conditions
Maha Manjistadi kashayam – Useful in a wide variety of skin diseases
Kushta rakshasa taila – An herbal oil, used externally for the treatment of skin diseases.
Maharasnadi Kashayam – Useful in Vata disorders.
Aragwadhadi Kashayam – An herbal decoction with Aragvadha as main ingredient, used in vomiting, skin diseases, pruritis and non healing wounds
Cassia fistula for ascites:
In Ascites with Pitta Dosha imbalance, milk boiled with Cassia fistula fruit pulp is administered for Virechana (Purgation) treatment. (Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 13)