Guduchi or Giloy is a famous Ayurvedic herb, used extensively in treatment for fever, diabetes, urinary tract disorders, anemia, jaundice, asthma, cardiac disorders, etc.
Botanical name – Tinospora cordifolia Wall. ex Seringe.
Names in different languages:
English name – Indian Tinospora, Heartleaved moonseed, Heart-leaved tinospora, Indian tinospora, tinospora gulancha
Hindi name – Giloy, Gurach – गिलोय गुलञ्च, Gulvel – गुलबेल
Kannada name – ಅಗ್ನಿಬಳ್ಳಿ agniballi, ಅಮ್ಱುತಬಳ್ಳಿ amrutaballi
Malayalam name – അമൃതവള്ളി amritavalli, ചിറ്റമൃത് chitamrith
Telugu name – దుశ్శిరము dussiramu, తిప్పతీగె tippatige
Marathi name – Ambarvel, अमृता amrita, अमृतवल्ली amritavalli, गुडूची guduchi, गुळवेल gulvel
Bengali name – Giloy, Gulancha – গুলঞ্চ
Oriya name – Gulochi, Gulancha
Punjabi name – Batindu, Gilogularich
Gujarati name – Gulo, Gado, Galo – ગળો
Sikkim name – Gurjo
Tamil name – Amrida Valli, Silam, Pattigai, அமிர்தவல்லி amirtavalli, குணலி kunali
Assamese name – Hoguni-lot
Konkani: अमृतवेल amritvel
Manipuri name – ningthou khongli
Nepalese: गुर्जो gurjo
Urdu: گرچ gurch, گلنچه guluncha
Amruta / Amrita – it is one of the most used synonym. It means nectar. Many formulations use this name of Guduchi. Example: Amrutottara Kashaya.
Guduchi – It protects and guards body from diseases.
Chakrangi, Chakralakshana – wheel-like appearance in transverse section of stem.
Chandrahasa – It referes to the moon like appearance of transversely cut stem.
Chinnaruha, Chinnodbhava – Regular growth of plant even if it is cut-off several times.
Regular emergence of plant even if it is cut-off several times.
Jwarari, Jwaranashini – Useful against fever
Ayattha, Amravalli, Kundali, Guduchika, Jivantika, Tantrika, Devanirmita, Dhara, Nagakanyaka, Bhishakpriya, Madhuparni, Somavalli, Vayastha, etc.
Classical categorization of Guduchi Ayurveda:
Charaka has grouped Giloy in following groups of herbs –
Vayasthapana – group of rejuvenative herbs.
Daha prashamana – group of herbs that reduce burning sensation.
Trishna nigraha – group of herbs that mitigate excessive thirst.
Triptighna – that relieve early satiation.
Stanyashodhana – Group of herbs that cleanse breast milk.
Sushruta has classified this herb under – Guduchyadi, Patoladi, Valli Panchamoola, Kakolyadi and Aragvadhadi group of herbs.
Bhavaprakasha has grouped a set of herbs under Guduchi, called Guduchyadi group of herbs.
Kaiyadeva Nighantu –
Chaturbhadra – Ativisha, Shunti, Musta and Guduchi
As per Charaka, Guduchi is one among 4 medhya rasayana (Brain tonics, to improve memory),where its swarasa is to be administered.
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu, Sodhala Nighantu, Nighantu Adarsha, Dhanvantari Nighantu – Guduchyadi Varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Aushadha Varga
Priya Nighantu – Pippalyadi Varga
Botanical identification: Tinospora cordifolia and Tinospora malabarica are used in the name of Guduchi.
Giloy – medicinal properties –
Rasa – Taste – Kashaya (Astringent), Tikta (Bitter)
Vipaka – Taste conversion after digestion – Madhura – sweet
Guna – qualities – Laghu – Light to digest, Snigdha – Oily, Unctuous.
Veerya – Potency – Ushna – Hot
Effect on Tridosha – Doshatrayahara – Balances Tridoshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
अमृता साङ्ग्राहिकवातहरदीपनीयश्लेष्मशोणितविबन्धप्रशमनानां, – Charaka Sutrasthana 25
– Guduchi is best to cause astringent effect, promoting digestion, alleviating Vata, Kapha, constipation and Raktapitta (bleeding disorders)
– Giloy is best to cause astringent effect, promoting digestion, alleviating Vata, Kapha, constipation and Raktapitta (bleeding disorders)
Rasayani – Rejuvenative
Sangrahini – brings about absorptive nature to stomach and intestines, useful in malabsorption syndrome, diarrhoea.
Balya – improves strength
Agnideepani – Improves digestion power
Amahara – relieves Ama – indigestion
Trut hara – relieves excessive thirst (as seen in fever)
Dahahara – relieves burning sensation in the body. Note that though Guduchi is Hot in potency, it helps to relieve burning sensation. This action is brought about by its Madhura Vipaka. (Sweet after-taste). Sweetness is coolant in nature.
Mehahara – useful in treatment of diabetes, urinary tract disorders.
Kasahara – Useful to relieve cough
Paunduhara – relieves anemia
kamala – Useful in treatment of jaundice and related diseases of liver
Kushta – Useful in skin diseases
Vatasra – Vatarakta – Useful in gout-arthritis
Jvara – Useful in fever. 90 % of Ayurvedic medicines for fever contain Guduchi as an essential ingredient.
Krimihara – useful to relieve intestinal worms.
Vamihara – useful to relieve vomiting.
Prameha – useful in diabetes and urinary tract disorders
Shwasa – useful in difficulty in breathing, (dyspnoea), asthma, Bronchitis
kasa – Cough, cold
Arsha – Piles, hemorrhoids
Krichra – Difficulty in passing urine
Hrudya, Hrudroga – Vatanut – Useful in heart diseases with Vata symptoms such as pain.
Chakshushya – improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders
Vayasthapana – anti aging, rejuvenating
Vrushya – Aphrodisiac
Part used: Most used part is stem. Almost all the pharmacies use stem of Guduchi. Leaves and areal roots are also used for medicinal purpose.
Interesting fact: The areal roots of Guduchi are so thin yet so strong that, Sushruta used to use this for suturing surgical wounds. This had duel benefits. One was – the thread were very strong so, there was no chance of wound rupture. Second is, Guduchi has potent wound healing property. Hence wound healing used to happen very quickly.
Guduchi Dosage: Stem powder – 3 – 6 grams per day, in divided dose
Water decoction – 15 – 60 ml per day, in divided dosage
There is a special extraction technique for Guduchi, called as Guduchi Satva. It is useful in fever. Read more about Guduchi Satva
Guduchi dose for 1 year old?
If it is Guduchi powder – 500 mg of powder – 2 times a day, mixed along with a teaspoon of honey – once or twice a day, after food is the dose.
Chemical properties and pharmacology Guduchi is highly rich in anti oxidants. It has wound healing property, antipyretic (fever- reducing) and anti-viral properties.
Berberine, Choline, Tembetarine, Magnoflorine, Tinosporin, Palmetine, Isocolumbin, Aporphine alkaloids,
Diterpenoid Lactones: Furanolactone, Clerodane derivatives [(5R,10R)-4R-8R-dihydroxy-2S-R:15,16-
diepoxy-cleroda-13 (16), 14-dieno-17,12S:18,1S-dilactone], Tinosporon, Tinosporides, Jateorine,
18-norclerodane glucoside, Furanoid diterpene glucoside, Tinocordiside, Tinocordifolioside, Cordioside, Cordifolioside, Syringin, Syringin-apiosylglycoside, Pregnane glycoside, Palmatosides,
Cordifolioside A, B, C, D and E
Beta–sitosterol, Delta -sitosterol, 20 Beta-hydroxyecdysone, Ecdysterone, Makisterone A, Giloinsterol
Octacosanol, Heptacosanol Nonacosan-15-one dichloromethane
3-(4-Dihydroxy-3-methoxy-benzyl)-4-(4- compounds hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)- tetrahydrofuran, Jatrorrhizine, Tinosporidine, Cordifol, Cordifelone, Giloinin, Giloin, N-trans-feruloyltyramine as diacetate, Tinosporic acid
Ascorbic acid, Lycopene, Carotene, Phenol, Iron, Anthocyanin
Nutritional composition of Giloy:
Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese
Side effects and precautions:
It is a very good herb for diabetes. But if you are taking other medicines, it may further lower the blood glucose levels. Hence people with diabetes should take this herb only under medical supervision.
It’s usage in pregnancy should be monitored under strict medical supervision. It is used in post-natal care and in Children.
Important Ayurvedic medicines with Guduchi as main ingredient:
Amritarishta – Extensively used in the treatment of fever.
Siva Gutika – used for a variety of diseases like liver and spleen disorders, respiratory conditions, etc
Guduchi Satva – used in Ayurvedic treatment of burning sensation of feet, bleeding diseases etc.
Mushalyadi Churna – It is used in aphrodisiac treatment and oligospermia
can giloy help to revive pancreas in type 1 diabetic patient?
Giloy helps to revive pancreas in type 1 diabetes. But it cannot be assured that the patient will be able to completely avoid insulin, with the use of Giloy.
How to consume Guduchi?
The best way to consume giloy is by making its Kashayam (decoction).
For an adult – A tablespoon of Musta powder is added with 2 cups of water, boiled and reduced to half a cup, filtered and administered within 8 hours of preparation.
Guduchi is administered in the form of home remedies, as explained above.
Guduchi is administered along with different co-drinks for different uses – Read more
Guduchi capsule and Guduchi Ghanavati (tablets) are also available in market.
Does Giloy help in reducing Eosinophilia?
Yes, but herbs like turmeric, neem, Tulsi leaves, etc are more commonly used in eosinophilia.
Does Guduchi help in fighting off a viral attack, and also help with weakness/pain? Is neem also a good option?
When there is viral fever, to bring down the temperature, to improve immunity and also to fight the virus, Giloy is a good option, in the order mentioned.
Neem helps to fight virus, and to bring down the temperature.
For a better effect, using a teaspoon of each of neem and Guduchi together, to prepare Kashayam is a very good option.
Q: Guduchi is hot, but still it balances all the three doshas. How it is justified? As per its hot quality, it should have increased Pitta Dosha.
Answer: A herb does not act only based on its hotness or coldness. While, hotness helps Giloy to decrease Kapha and Vata dosha, its bitter taste helps to decrase Pitta dosha. (Bitter taste decreases Pitta). Hence, it balances all the Three Doshas.
Guluchi as anti ageing medicine:
As per Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 1.3, regular intake of 5 ml of Giloy juice prepared from its root and flower is explained as an excellent brain tonic and rejuvnator – Medhya Rasayana.
References for chemical composition:
Upadhaya AK, Kumar K, Kumar A, Mishra HS. Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook. F.and Thoms. (Guduchi)-Validation of the Ayurvedic pharmacology through experimental and clinical studies. Int J Ayurveda Res 2010; 1:112-121.
Patel MB, Mishra S. Hypoglycemic activity of alkaloidal fraction of Tinospora cordifolia. Phytomedicine 2011; 18:1045-1052.
Sriramaneni RN, Omar AZ, Zaini AM. Vasorelaxant effect of diterpenoid lactones from and Andrographis paniculata chloroform extract on rat aortic rings. Pharmacognosy Res 2010; 2:242-246.
Dhanasekaran M, Baskar AA, Ignacimuthu S, Agastian P, Duraipandian V. Chemopreventive potential of Epoxy clerodane diterpene from Tinospora cordifolia against diethyl nitrosamine induced hepyocellular carcinoma. Invest New Drugs 2009; 27:347-355.
Ly PT, Singh S, Shaw CA. Novel environmental toxins: Steryl glycosides as a potential etiological factor for age- related neurodegenerative diseases. J Neurosci Res 2007; 85:231-237.