Guduchi – Giloy Uses, Dose, Research, Side Effects

Guduchi or Giloy is a famous Ayurvedic herb, used extensively in treatment for fever, diabetes, urinary tract disorders, anemia, jaundice,  asthma, cardiac disorders, etc. 

Botanical name  – Tinospora cordifolia Wall. ex Seringe.
Family: Menispermaceae

Names in different languages:
English name – Indian Tinospora, Heartleaved moonseed, Heart-leaved tinospora, Indian tinospora, tinospora gulancha
Hindi name – Giloy, Gurach – गिलोय गुलञ्च, Gulvel – गुलबेल
Kannada name – ಅಗ್ನಿಬಳ್ಳಿ agniballi, ಅಮ್ಱುತಬಳ್ಳಿ amrutaballi
Malayalam name – അമൃതവള്ളി amritavalli, ചിറ്റമൃത് chitamrith
Telugu name – దుశ్శిరము dussiramu, తిప్పతీగె tippatige
Marathi name – Ambarvel, अमृता amrita, अमृतवल्ली amritavalli, गुडूची guduchi, गुळवेल gulvel
Bengali name – Giloy, Gulancha – গুলঞ্চ
Oriya name – Gulochi, Gulancha
Punjabi name – Batindu, Gilogularich
Gujarati name – Gulo, Gado, Galo – ગળો
Sikkim name – Gurjo
Tamil name – Amrida Valli, Silam, Pattigai, அமிர்தவல்லி amirtavalli, குணலி kunali
Assamese name – Hoguni-lot
Konkani: अमृतवेल amritvel
Manipuri name – ningthou khongli
Mizo: theisawntlung
Nepalese: गुर्जो gurjo
Urdu: گرچ gurch, گلنچه guluncha

 

Sanskrit Synonyms:
Amruta / Amrita – it is one of the most used synonym. It means nectar. Many formulations use this name of Guduchi. Example: Amrutottara Kashaya.
Guduchi – It protects and guards body from diseases.
Chakrangi, Chakralakshana – wheel-like appearance in transverse section of stem.
Chandrahasa – It referes to the moon like appearance of transversely cut stem.
Chinnaruha, Chinnodbhava – Regular growth of plant even if it is cut-off several times.
Regular emergence of plant even if it is cut-off several times.
Jwarari, Jwaranashini – Useful against fever
Ayattha, Amravalli, Kundali, Guduchika, Jivantika, Tantrika, Devanirmita, Dhara, Nagakanyaka, Bhishakpriya, Madhuparni, Somavalli, Vayastha, etc.

Guduchi - Giloy - Indian Tinospora

Classical categorization of Guduchi Ayurveda:
Charaka has grouped Giloy in following groups of herbs –
Vayasthapana – group of rejuvenative herbs.
Daha prashamana – group of herbs that reduce burning sensation.
Trishna nigraha – group of herbs that mitigate excessive thirst.
Triptighna – that relieve early satiation.
Stanyashodhana – Group of herbs that cleanse breast milk.
Sushruta has classified this herb under – Guduchyadi, Patoladi, Valli Panchamoola, Kakolyadi and Aragvadhadi group of herbs.
Bhavaprakasha has grouped a set of herbs under Guduchi, called Guduchyadi group of herbs.
Kaiyadeva Nighantu –
Chaturbhadra – Ativisha, Shunti, Musta and Guduchi
As per Charaka, Guduchi is one among 4 medhya rasayana (Brain tonics, to improve memory),where its swarasa is to be administered.
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu, Sodhala Nighantu, Nighantu Adarsha, Dhanvantari Nighantu – Guduchyadi Varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Aushadha Varga
Priya Nighantu – Pippalyadi Varga

Botanical identification: Tinospora cordifolia and Tinospora malabarica are used in the name of Guduchi.

Giloy – medicinal properties  –
Rasa – Taste – Kashaya (Astringent), Tikta (Bitter)
Vipaka – Taste conversion after digestion – Madhura – sweet
Guna – qualities – Laghu – Light to digest, Snigdha – Oily, Unctuous.
Veerya – Potency – Ushna – Hot
Effect on Tridosha – Doshatrayahara – Balances Tridoshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha

Guduchi uses

Giloy uses:
अमृता साङ्ग्राहिकवातहरदीपनीयश्लेष्मशोणितविबन्धप्रशमनानां,  – Charaka Sutrasthana 25
Guduchi is best to cause astringent effect, promoting digestion, alleviating Vata, Kapha, constipation and Raktapitta (bleeding disorders)
– Giloy is best to cause astringent effect, promoting digestion, alleviating Vata, Kapha, constipation and Raktapitta (bleeding disorders)

Other uses:
Rasayani – Rejuvenative
Sangrahini – brings about absorptive nature to stomach and intestines, useful in malabsorption syndrome, diarrhoea.
Balya – improves strength
Agnideepani – Improves digestion power
Amahara – relieves Ama – indigestion
Trut hara – relieves excessive thirst (as seen in fever)
Dahahara – relieves burning sensation in the body. Note that though Guduchi is Hot in potency, it helps to relieve burning sensation. This action is brought about by its Madhura Vipaka. (Sweet after-taste). Sweetness is coolant in nature.
Mehahara – useful in treatment of diabetes, urinary tract disorders.
Kasahara – Useful to relieve cough
Paunduhara – relieves anemia
kamala – Useful in treatment of jaundice and related diseases of liver
Kushta – Useful in skin diseases
Vatasra – Vatarakta – Useful in gout-arthritis
Jvara – Useful in fever. 90 % of Ayurvedic medicines for fever contain Guduchi as an essential ingredient.
Krimihara – useful to relieve intestinal worms.
Vamihara – useful to relieve vomiting.
Prameha – useful in diabetes and urinary tract disorders
Shwasa – useful in difficulty in breathing, (dyspnoea), asthma, Bronchitis
kasa – Cough, cold
Arsha – Piles, hemorrhoids
Krichra – Difficulty in passing urine
Hrudya, Hrudroga – Vatanut – Useful in heart diseases with Vata symptoms such as pain.
Chakshushya – improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders
Vayasthapana – anti aging, rejuvenating
Vrushya – Aphrodisiac

 

Indian tinospora

Part used: Most used part is stem. Almost all the pharmacies use stem of Guduchi. Leaves and areal roots are also used for medicinal purpose.

Interesting fact: The areal roots of Guduchi are so thin yet so strong that, Sushruta used to use this for suturing surgical wounds. This had duel benefits. One was – the thread were very strong so, there was no chance of wound rupture. Second is, Guduchi has potent wound healing property. Hence wound healing used to happen very quickly.

Giloy

Guduchi Dosage: Stem powder – 3 – 6 grams per day, in divided dose
Water decoction – 15 – 60 ml per day, in divided dosage
There is a special extraction technique for Guduchi, called as Guduchi Satva. It is useful in fever. Read more about Guduchi Satva

Guduchi dose for 1 year old?
If it is Guduchi powder – 500 mg of powder – 2 times a day, mixed along with a teaspoon of honey – once or twice a day, after food is the dose.

If it is Guduchi capsule, (extract), then 250 mg capsule  one per day can be given for the child, after food.
It can be continued for a period for 2- 3 months based on need.

Chemical properties and pharmacology Guduchi is highly rich in anti oxidants. It has wound healing property, antipyretic (fever- reducing) and anti-viral properties.
Alkaloids:
Berberine, Choline, Tembetarine, Magnoflorine, Tinosporin, Palmetine, Isocolumbin, Aporphine alkaloids,
Jatrorrhizine, Tetrahydropalmatine
Diterpenoid Lactones: Furanolactone, Clerodane derivatives [(5R,10R)-4R-8R-dihydroxy-2S-R:15,16-
diepoxy-cleroda-13 (16), 14-dieno-17,12S:18,1S-dilactone], Tinosporon, Tinosporides, Jateorine,
Columbin
Glycosides:
18-norclerodane glucoside, Furanoid diterpene glucoside, Tinocordiside, Tinocordifolioside, Cordioside, Cordifolioside, Syringin, Syringin-apiosylglycoside, Pregnane glycoside, Palmatosides,
Cordifolioside A, B, C, D and E
Steroids:
Beta–sitosterol, Delta -sitosterol, 20 Beta-hydroxyecdysone, Ecdysterone, Makisterone A, Giloinsterol
Sesquiterpenoid:
Tinocordifolin
Aliphatic compound:
Octacosanol, Heptacosanol Nonacosan-15-one dichloromethane
Others:
3-(4-Dihydroxy-3-methoxy-benzyl)-4-(4- compounds hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)- tetrahydrofuran, Jatrorrhizine, Tinosporidine, Cordifol, Cordifelone, Giloinin, Giloin, N-trans-feruloyltyramine as diacetate, Tinosporic acid
Anti oxidants:
Ascorbic acid, Lycopene, Carotene, Phenol, Iron, Anthocyanin

Nutritional composition of Giloy:
Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese

Research:
Immuno-modulatory activity
Anti-bacterial activity
Anti-psychotic acitvity

Side effects and precautions: 
It is a very good herb for diabetes. But if you are taking other medicines, it may further lower the blood glucose levels. Hence people with diabetes should take this herb only under medical supervision.
It’s usage in pregnancy should be monitored under strict medical supervision. It is used in post-natal care and in Children.

Home remedies using Guduchi –
Home remedy for gout
Giloy Home remedy for rheumatoid arthritis
Guduchi home remedy for fever
Guduchi Kashayam remedy for gout

Important Ayurvedic medicines with Guduchi as main ingredient:
Amritarishta – Extensively used in the treatment of fever.
Siva Gutika –  used for a variety of diseases like liver and spleen disorders, respiratory conditions, etc
Guduchi Satva – used in Ayurvedic treatment of burning sensation of feet, bleeding diseases etc.
Mushalyadi Churna – It is used in aphrodisiac treatment and oligospermia

can giloy help to revive pancreas in type 1 diabetic patient?
Giloy helps to revive pancreas in type 1 diabetes. But it cannot be assured that the patient will be able to completely avoid insulin, with the use of Giloy.

How to consume Guduchi?
The best way to consume giloy is by making its Kashayam (decoction).
For an adult – A tablespoon of Musta powder is added with 2 cups of water, boiled and reduced to half a cup, filtered and administered within 8 hours of preparation.
Guduchi is administered in the form of home remedies, as explained above.
Guduchi is administered along with different co-drinks for different uses – Read more
Guduchi capsule and Guduchi Ghanavati (tablets) are also available in market.

Does Giloy help in reducing Eosinophilia?
Yes, but herbs like turmeric, neem, Tulsi leaves, etc are more commonly used in eosinophilia.

Does Guduchi help in fighting off a viral attack, and also help with weakness/pain? Is neem also a good option?
When there is viral fever, to bring down the temperature, to improve immunity and also to fight the virus, Giloy is a good option, in the order mentioned.
Neem helps to fight virus, and to bring down the temperature.
For a better effect, using a teaspoon of each of neem and Guduchi together, to prepare Kashayam is a very good option.

Q: Guduchi is hot, but still it balances all the three doshas. How it is justified? As per its hot quality, it should have increased Pitta Dosha. 

Answer: A herb does not act only based on its hotness or coldness. While, hotness helps Giloy to decrease Kapha and Vata dosha, its bitter taste helps to decrase Pitta dosha. (Bitter taste decreases Pitta). Hence, it balances all the Three Doshas.

Guluchi as anti ageing medicine: 
As per Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 1.3, regular intake of 5 ml of Giloy juice prepared from its root and flower is explained as an excellent brain tonic and rejuvnator – Medhya Rasayana.

References for chemical composition:
Upadhaya AK, Kumar K, Kumar A, Mishra HS. Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook. F.and Thoms. (Guduchi)-Validation of the Ayurvedic pharmacology through experimental and clinical studies. Int J Ayurveda Res 2010; 1:112-121.
Patel MB, Mishra S. Hypoglycemic activity of alkaloidal fraction of Tinospora cordifolia. Phytomedicine 2011; 18:1045-1052.

Sriramaneni RN, Omar AZ, Zaini AM. Vasorelaxant effect of diterpenoid lactones from and Andrographis paniculata chloroform extract on rat aortic rings. Pharmacognosy Res 2010; 2:242-246.

Dhanasekaran M, Baskar AA, Ignacimuthu S, Agastian P, Duraipandian V. Chemopreventive potential of Epoxy clerodane diterpene from Tinospora cordifolia against diethyl nitrosamine induced hepyocellular carcinoma. Invest New Drugs 2009; 27:347-355.
Ly PT, Singh S, Shaw CA. Novel environmental toxins: Steryl glycosides as a potential etiological factor for age- related neurodegenerative diseases. J Neurosci Res 2007; 85:231-237.

Dr JV Hebbar B.A.M.S, MD (Ayu), is an Ayurveda Doctor. Click here to consult Dr Hebbar
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Comments

  1. Dr Hebbar
    There are so many herbs that are good for urinary track disorder. How do ayuvedic doctors choose which one to prescribe to a specific patient ??
    Is there any interaction between different herbs ?

    • Dr JV Hebbar says:

      The choice of herb largely depends on the disease.
      If there is infection, anti viral and anti bacterial herbs are selected – like neem, bael, etc.
      If there is inflammation, anti inflammatory herbs like Guduchi, Ashwagandha etc are selected.
      If there are kidney stones, then herbs that can dissolve them are selected example: Patalagarudi, Ksharas etc.
      If there is urine obstruction, then herbs that are diuretic are selected – example- Gokshura, Punarnava etc.
      If there is need of rejuvenation (in case of degenerative diseases), herbs like Shilajatu, Guduchi, Ashwagandha, Bala etc are selected.
      If there is lowered immunity, then Rasayanas, Shilajatu etc are selected.
      Usually herbs that do not interact with each other are selected for treatment.
      (Above are just example herbs. I do not recommend using them without consulting your doctors.)

  2. Sanjeev Dhiman says:

    Does Giloy helpful for hydroureteronephrosis(Grade-III) in one year old infant?

    • Dr JV Hebbar says:

      It will be helpful. But a comprehensive treatment needs to be planned. Please consult a doctor in person.

  3. my son has a weak stomach. he goes motions for three times and has reflux acid problem.he is taking ayurvedic medicines.is giloy beneficial for him.

    • Dr JV Hebbar says:

      It will be beneficial for him, but not as a single medicine. Talk to your doctor regarding this herb.

  4. Ramprasad says:

    Pl intimate about pain in joints and in gought

  5. thank for your information on herbals

  6. Dr Hebbar,
    Can Giloy due to its regenerative properties be used to treat increased kidney function (CKD).

    • Dr JV Hebbar says:

      Dear Anant, Giloy can be used in treating CKD. But other herbs / medicines will also be required in the treatment.

  7. Does Giloy help in fighting off a viral attack, and also help with weakness/pain? Is neem also a good option?

  8. Is Giloy, a substitute for “ALZUMAB” drug for treatment of psoriasis.
    My doctor has recommend me alzumab.
    Pls suggest

  9. Dr JV Hebbar says:

    Guduchi jest zazwyczaj podawany w postaci herbaty (wywar / infuzja).
    Jego proszku, w postaci kapsułki jest również podawany.

  10. hiren agarwal says:

    I am suffering from Fatty Liver. Please suggest if Giloy can help reduce fat in liver. Also suggest the dose & time of taking the medicine.

    • Dr JV Hebbar says:

      Der Hiren Agarwal,
      It is best to consult an Ayurveda doctor in person for the treatment of fatty liver changes.

  11. ganapathi says:

    what is the kannada name for Giloy, Is it Amrithaballi?

  12. Is giloy useful in cancer (cutaneous T cells Lymphoma)? If yes then how to use this?

  13. Deepa Gore says:

    Got very useful information about gulvel

  14. PrakashG says:

    I am having cold and cough since long time. It comes on and off in a week.. Can Giloi helps me in this..

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Yes it can. But there are better herbs to use for cold and cough, such as pepper. Please consult your Ayurveda doctor.

  15. I have 106 fast and 181 after meal blood sugar. i am taking shilajit one cap. can i take giloy vati i have heartburn. at night after 2 hrs of meal

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, Giloy can help you but you need to consult an Ayurveda doctor for the right dose. Because, dose fixing is critical to optimum management of blood sugar levels.

      • Shailendra Narkhede says:

        Hi Dr. Hebbar,
        Me & my wife have black skin under eyelets and on some part of face, my son’s urine smells very bad, my mother has blood sugar, my second son is having frequently stomac ache, my father has problem while urinating he has undergone hernia operation 10 yrs back. Can we all use Giloy to overcome our problems. If yes, how to use, please advise doses. Thanks in anticipation – Regards

        • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

          Hi, Giloy does not suit to all the problems described, but for blood sugar, that too, requires to be taken under medical supervision only, or else the sugar levels may vary out of control.

  16. Dear Sir, is there any treatment of Thalassemia Major by giloy.

  17. Capt (retd ) Rajvir Rohilla says:

    Are giloy and papaya leaves (juice ) good in fever specially DENGUE ?

  18. How to take giloy as medicine ..I want to ask dried giloy powder or juice of leaves or stem .which is more beneficial.please help.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Its stem can be made into powder and can be consumed – half a teaspoon at night.
      Or its stem pieces – one tablespoon is added to two cups of water, boiled and reduced to half a cup, filtered and consumed when lukewarm.

  19. akshay sharma says:

    sir if we take giloy and ashwagandha powder in equal proportion for gaining strength and vitality, is it safe? or it has any side effects?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      1. Both can lower blood sugar levels. Hence diabetic persons should exercise precaution.
      2. In a few patients Ashwagandha can cause excess body heat and constipation.

  20. m.p.sekar says:

    dear sir i am sekar from salem tamilnadu a diabetic pattint last 23 years . now my age is 58. i have guduchi plant in my garden . can you pls explain me on how to prepare medicine for diabetic from this plant.. bl level 350.

    thanks regds m.p.sekar salem

  21. I am suffering from cough and cold last 2 weeks which type of medication required and changing of weather effected on me soon
    Pls. Help me as soon as possible

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Please consult an Ayurveda doctor in person. That is the first and best option. If you wish to get my advice, please write here – easyayurveda.com/contact-details

  22. rajesh Shukla says:

    Giloy tremendous herbs. And article is good.but my own suggestion gilly herbs more benefited in more disease’s but take consult to vaid and dosages.and get excellent results. And improve immunity.in ayurveda lot of herbs and medicine have more benefited in lot of diseases. But need first take consult to ayurvedic. Drs or valid.and diet.and used get oriented results.

  23. I am suffering from diabetes can you pls suggest how and what quantity should i take giloy or should i combine any other herb with this.

  24. Suman Kumar Agrawal says:

    Can My Cousion Take Giloy for traetment of Skin Iching & Lichaen Planus

  25. Namaste sir, ur articles are always good and nicely presented, may we know how to make powder from fresh stems at home, what is the procedure, thanks

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      1. Cut the stem into small pieces.
      2. Dry them under sunshade till it becomes totally dry.
      3. Pound them to prepare coarse powder.
      4. If it is very small amount, it can be put to mixer / grinder to make it into fine powder. If large quantities, then it may need pulverizer to make fine powder. Usually, for any herb, making fine powder at home is quite difficult, especially if the herb is fibrous.

  26. Question about Guduchi. My daughter was prescribed by doctor. She cannot swallow pills. She is 26. I break open the caplet and put in glass, mix with applejuice. It takes long for ths powder to disolve in the aj. Is there something better to use? Thanks. Getting tired of this tedious process.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      You can simply use Guduchi powder – 2 grams, once or twice a day, along with honey / water.

    • Thanks but what do I mix the powder with? I need something it can dissolve in. Difficult dissolving in applejuice. Anything else? Guduchi powder and capsule both contain the powder. Thanks again.

      • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

        The whole of Guduchi powder cannot be dissolved in anything. It can only be made into paste.

        • Monique says:

          If it is in powder capsule form, how can I give it to my daughter that cannot swallow capsules. How do I mix it, and in what so she can take it? So the whole bottle given by ayurv dr, was mixed in applejuice. Not good.

          • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

            For children, it is always best to consult a doctor directly for any herb / medicine usage.

  27. satyanarayan says:

    So very grateful for your wonderful articles. The question answer format in your mails is a very welcome start.
    We have Giloy plant at home. Instead of making a decoction will it be as useful to just chew on the stem. Also, is consuming it daily alright.
    Thanks

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Thanks!
      Well, if you can tolerate its bitter taste while chewing the stem, you can surely consume it that way. Because Guduchi is attributed with Rasayana (anti aging, rejuvenative) qualities, it can be taken for longer times without any hesitation. Herbs with Rasayana qualities, such as Amla and Guduchi can be taken for long.

  28. xcellant

  29. Is giloy juice for children?

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      It can be used in children above 3 years of age, in a very small dose, as per doctor’s advice.

  30. Rimpi Digra says:

    Hello Sir,
    Is Giloy juice helpful in preventing Swine flu.For how long should one take it to boost immunity .what is the dose of Giloy juice recommended for 4 year old child .

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Giloy juice is useful in preventing viral infections, including swine flue. But an assured claim cannot be made. Dose for 4 year old would be half a teaspoon once or twice a day, along with honey, based on your doctor’s prescription.

  31. purnashree says:

    Can I give guduchi powder to my 7 ye old son

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Yes, it can be given. But for dose, duration etc, please consult an Ayurveda doctor directly. Do not self medicate.

  32. I am using giloy in tea daily twice in a day morning and evening. is thses benefits for me

  33. Karthik says:

    Dear Dr Hebbar, Which is the best Medicine for Diabetes, if levels are around 350, if Guduchi itself is not sufficient, then which other medicine should be taken, along with this

  34. SIR WHEN I EAT GILOY I AM SUFFERING FROM HEAVY GAS PROBLEM

  35. Hi sir, I’ve been taking Amla juice everyday after waking and before going to bed. I’ve a lot of heat in my body as I’ve taken a lot of ayurvedic medicines over a long period for my sinusitis. So Patanjali’s Giloy Ghan Vati tablets has worked to bring down the heat which I took for a period of 2-3 weeks, along with cooling my body Giloy has given me strenght as well. My question is – Can I take care the Amla Giloy juice on a daily basis like I take the Amla juice ? Or is the Giloy aspect of the juice is not for long term use ?
    – Thank you very much
    Aakash

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hi, Giloy is also attributed with Rasayana (anti ageing properties). Hence, assuming that you do not have altering blood sugar levels, you can take Giloy juice for about 2 – 3 months of time, along with Amla juice or individually.

  36. shilpa S says:

    hello sir
    I am 31 year old and suffer from Rheumatoid Arthritis
    I have a question regarding your video (Different Uses Of Giloy In Different Diseases)
    in place of giloy power can we use fresh peace of giloy stem and crush it and boil it in water
    and then add ginger power in it
    and how long i take it
    please prescribe the quantity.
    God bless you.

    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu) says:

      Hello,
      It can be done. After boiling, you should filter it. This will get you Kashaya. The dose wound be – 20 ml of Kashaya mixed with 1 gram of ginger powder, twice a day, 20 minutes before food. To be taken for 2 months time.

  37. Sanjay Baria says:

    Hi, can i giloy juice drink for my wife during pregnent 3 months .plz your reply help me

  38. Praduman Hansoti says:

    Reading questions , answers I fill that we are unknown the plants which are near by us.That is very important for health issue. Please send me the plants name ,photo which are near by us. Like Tulsi.

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